Crash of a Basler BT-67 in Villavicencio

Date & Time: Apr 13, 2022 at 1303 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PNC-0257
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Florencia – Villavicencio
MSN:
9670
YOM:
1943
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing on runway 23 at Villavicencio-La Vanguardia Airport, the airplane veered off runway to the left and entered a grassy area. It rolled for few hundred metres then the pilot attempted to takeoff when the left wing dropped. The aircraft stalled, impacted trees and crashed about 200 metres to the right of the runway 05 threshold. All 14 occupants were rescued, among them few were injured.

Crash of a Douglas DC-3C near Restrepo: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jul 8, 2021 at 0705 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-2820
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Villavicencio - Villavicencio
MSN:
20171
YOM:
1944
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Villavicencio-La Vanguardia Airport in the early morning on a local training mission. In unknown circumstances, the aircraft impacted trees and crashed in a wooded and hilly terrain located in the region of Restrepo. All three crew members were killed.

Crash of a Cessna T303 Crusader in Bojacá: 1 killed

Date & Time: Jan 8, 2021 at 1320 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-3856-G
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Girardot – Bogotá
MSN:
303-00010
YOM:
1981
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
En route from Girardot to Bogotá-Guaymaral Airport, the twin engine aircraft crashed in unknown circumstances in a wooded and hilly terrain near Bojacá. The pilot, sole on board, was killed.

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Guaymaral

Date & Time: Sep 22, 2020 at 0707 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
HK-4669G
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bogotá-Guaymaral – Girardot
MSN:
208B-0968
YOM:
2002
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Bogotá-Guaymaral Airport runway 29, while in initial climb, the engine lost power. The aircraft lost height, struck a concrete wall and lost its undercarriage. It then crash landed in a prairie and slid for few dozen metres before coming to rest. All four occupants escaped uninjured.

Crash of a Piper PA-31-310 Navajo in Bogotá: 4 killed

Date & Time: Feb 12, 2020 at 1544 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-4686
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Bogotá – Villagarzón
MSN:
31-344
YOM:
1968
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Captain / Total flying hours:
1890
Captain / Total hours on type:
250.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
646
Aircraft flight hours:
10251
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Bogotá-Guaymaral Airport, while in initial climb, the crew informed ATC about the failure of the right engine. He was cleared to return for an emergency and completed a circuit to land on ruwnay 11. On final, the airplane lost height and crashed in a wooded area located about 800 metres short of runway, bursting into flames. The aircraft was destroyed by a post crash fire and all four occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The investigation determined that the accident was caused by the following probable cause(s):
- Loss of in-flight control as a result of slowing below Minimum Control Speed and drag, generated by the failure of the right engine (No. 2).
- Failure of engine No. 2, due to lack of lubrication, possibly caused by oil leakage through an 11.5 mm fracture, found in one of the sides of cylinder No. 2 at the height of the intake valves.
- Inappropriate application by the crew of the emergency procedure for landing with an inoperative engine, by not declaring the emergency, not feathering the propeller of the inoperative engine and configuring the aircraft early for landing (with landing gear and flaps) without having a safe runway, making it difficult to control the aircraft and placing it in a condition of loss of lift and control.

Contributing Factors:
- Failure of the operator to emphasize in the crew training program the techniques and procedures to be followed in the event of engine failure, among others, the declaration of emergency to ATC, the flagging of the propeller of the inoperative engine, the care in the application of power to the good engine so as not to increase yaw and not to configure the aircraft until landing has been assured.
- Lack of emergency calls by the crew, which denotes deficiencies in the Operator's Safety Management System, and which prevented the early warning of the aerodrome support services and deprived the crew of possible assistance from other aircraft or from the same operator.
Final Report:

Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain in Popayán: 7 killed

Date & Time: Sep 15, 2019 at 1406 LT
Operator:
Registration:
HK-5229
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Popayán - López de Micay
MSN:
31-7405212
YOM:
1974
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Captain / Total flying hours:
3291
Captain / Total hours on type:
991.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
300
Copilot / Total hours on type:
55
Aircraft flight hours:
12304
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane departed Popayán-Guillermo León Valencia Airport runway 26 at 14:06:06. The aircraft encountered difficulties to gain sufficient height. About 20 seconds after liftoff, at a speed of 82 knots, the aircraft rolled to the right then entered an uncontrolled descent and crashed onto two houses located 530 metres past the runway end. Two passengers were seriously injured and seven other occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
A loss of in-flight control of the aircraft due to possible excess weight. The aircraft probably managed to take off due to "ground effect", but, once in the air and out of ground effect, it was not able to obtain the speed that would allow it to safely accomplish the climb.
Contributing Factors:
- Absence of Dispatch procedures of the operator to perform a correct Weight and Balance of the aircraft, and the effective control of the boarded cargo.
- Incorrect calculation of the weight and balance of the aircraft by the crew, by not considering all the cargo that was loaded, causing the aircraft to take off with a possible excess weight.
- Weak operational safety management processes of the operator by not considering the operating characteristics of airfields such as Popayán (high altitude, high ambient temperature) that significantly limit the operation.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas DC-3 in Finca La Bendición: 14 killed

Date & Time: Mar 9, 2019 at 1036 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-2494
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
San Jose del Guaviare – Villavicencio
MSN:
33105/16357
YOM:
1945
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
14
Captain / Total flying hours:
12710
Captain / Total hours on type:
7044.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
12710
Copilot / Total hours on type:
7044
Aircraft flight hours:
23000
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane departed San José del Guaviare on a charter flight to Villavicencio, carrying 11 passengers and three crew members. While cruising at an altitude of 8,500 feet in good weather conditions, the left engine failed due to an important fuel leak. The crew elected to secure the engine but was unable to feather the propeller. The airplane lost speed and height, and while attempting an emergency landing, the crew lost control of the airplane that stalled and crashed in a palm plantation, bursting into flames. The aircraft was totally destroyed by a post crash fire and all 14 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The investigation determined that the accident was caused by the following probable causes:
- Loss of control in-flight as a consequence of the decrease in minimum in-flight control speed and drag generated by the impossibility of performing the No. 1 engine propeller feathering in the face of engine failure.
- Malfunction of the lubrication system of engine No. 1, evident in the abundant oil leakage from the engine, in flight, and in the governor of the left propeller; although discrepancies were found in the maintenance of the propeller feathering pressure line, it was not possible to determine the origin of the oil leakage.
- Weaknesses in the aircraft Operator's operational procedures, lacking a standard that would facilitate a crew's decision making to act in the event of critical failures, in matters such as making an emergency landing on unprepared field or the selection of an alternate airfield.

Contributing Factors:
- Deficiencies in standard maintenance practices during repairs performed on the No. 1 engine's propeller propeller feathering oil pressure line.
- Non-compliance with an effective and reliable maintenance program, which did not verify the operating conditions of the aircraft components; it was not possible to determine compliance with the last 50-hour service, Phase A, to engine No. 1 according to the company's maintenance program, since there are no records of that service in the Flight Log.
- Inefficient safety management system of the Operator for not detecting errors in the maintenance processes and in the conduct and control of operations.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas DC-3C in San Felipe

Date & Time: Jul 11, 2018 at 1220 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-3293
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Inírida – San Felipe
MSN:
9186
YOM:
1943
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
9
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
18000
Captain / Total hours on type:
16000.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
7784
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1715
Aircraft flight hours:
29170
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Inírida on a humanitarian flight to San Felipe, carrying nine passengers, three crew members and various goods and equipment dedicated to the victims of the recent floods. Following an uneventful flight, the crew landed on runway 18. After touchdown, the aircraft deviated to the left. It pivoted to the left, lost its left main gear and the left propeller and came to a halt on the runway edge. All 12 occupants were rescued, among them one passenger was slightly injured. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of a lateral runway excursion as a result of a loss of control on the ground caused by the loss of air pressure in the left main gear tire, as a result of the penetration of a FOD (metallic object) into the tire during the landing run. Poor risk management by the San Felipe Aerodrome operator (SKFP) and a lack of a runway FOD control program (SKFP) by the operator of the aerodrome was considered as contributing factors.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft C99 Airliner in Ibagué: 4 killed

Date & Time: May 2, 2018 at 1830 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PNC-0203
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Bogotá – Ibagué – Mariquita
MSN:
U-199
YOM:
1983
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
The crew departed Bogotá on a training flight to Mariquita with an intermediate stop at Ibagué-Perales Airport. While on approach by night, the twin engine aircraft went out of control and crashed in a field located few km from the airport, bursting into flames. The aircraft was totally destroyed by a post crash fire and all four crew members were killed.
Crew:
Maj Andrés Valbuena Cadena,
Lt Carlos Andrés León Caicedo,
Lt Juan Alcides Sosa Triana,
Sub John Wílfer Parra Solano.

Crash of a Cessna 402C in Bahía Solano

Date & Time: Dec 20, 2017 at 0955 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-4417
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bahía Solano – Quibdó
MSN:
402C-0020
YOM:
1979
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
2901
Captain / Total hours on type:
1050.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
675
Copilot / Total hours on type:
430
Aircraft flight hours:
9711
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft was departing Bahía Solano-José Celestino Mutis Airport on a flight to Quibdó, carrying seven passengers and two pilots. During the takeoff roll on runway 36, the airplane deviated to the right and veered off runway. While contacting soft ground, the right main gear collapsed. The aircraft rotated and came to rest in a grassy area about 5 metres to the right of the runway. All 9 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
A loss of control during the takeoff roll as a result of inappropriate techniques on the part of the pilot-in-command who suffered a loss of situational awareness by not detecting the deviation in a timely manner.
The following contributing factors were identified:
- Inadequate crew decisions to apply appropriate corrective actions,
- Inadequate crew training program,
- Poor operational supervision on part of the operator.
Final Report: