Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227 in Buenos Aires: 5 killed

Date & Time: Oct 26, 2003 at 0431 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
LV-MGV
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Buenos Aires-Corrientes
MSN:
567
YOM:
1967
Flight number:
CTZ760
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Aircraft flight hours:
27650
Aircraft flight cycles:
21574
Circumstances:
Three minutes after takeoff, the crew reported technical problem and wanted to return to Buenos Aires-Ministro Pistarini Airport. He was cleared to land on runway 17 but the aircraft crashed near the Esperenza golf course, 30 km SW of Buenos Aires.

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227 in Ecuador: 26 killed

Date & Time: Jan 17, 2002 at 1101 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HC-AYM
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Quito-Lago Agrio
MSN:
511
YOM:
1966
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
21
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
26
Captain / Total flying hours:
17709
Captain / Total hours on type:
8338.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
12229
Copilot / Total hours on type:
6066
Aircraft flight hours:
29154
Aircraft flight cycles:
45178
Circumstances:
The aircraft crashed 20 minutes after takeoff from Quito-Mariscal Sucre airport, bound for Lago Agrio on behalf of Texaco Petroleum Company. While cruising, the aircraft hit the slope of Cerro El Tigre and rescue teams reached the scene three days later. Nobody survived. Pilots lost their situational awarness while cruising in bad weather conditions and did not sea and avoid the mountain. GPWS was unusable at the time of the accident.
Probable cause:

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227 in Keflavik

Date & Time: Jul 26, 1998 at 2355 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N564LE
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Aberdeen - Keflavik
MSN:
564
YOM:
1967
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227 in Santarem: 3 killed

Date & Time: Nov 28, 1995 at 0200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-BUJ
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Belém-Santarem
MSN:
569
YOM:
1967
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B near Altamira: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jan 25, 1993
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-LCS
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Belém - Altamira
MSN:
522
YOM:
1966
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
While in cruising altitude on a cargo flight from Belém, the crew lost control of the airplane that entered a dive and crashed in a jungle. The aircraft was destroyed upon impact and all three crew members were killed. It was reported that several elements of the airplane were not found at the point of impact and that the aircraft may have suffered a in-flight break up following possible multiple structural failures.

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227C in Acapulco

Date & Time: Mar 13, 1992
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
XA-RSV
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
510
YOM:
1966
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Upon landing, the left main gear collapsed. The aircraft slid for few dozen metres before coming to rest. All 14 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Failure of the left main gear upon touchdown for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B in Altamira: 22 killed

Date & Time: Jun 6, 1990 at 0529 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-ICA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Belém – Altamira – Santarem – Itaituba – Alta Floresta – Cuiabá
MSN:
570
YOM:
1967
Flight number:
TAB814
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
39
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
22
Circumstances:
The approach to Altamira Airport was completed by night and marginal weather conditions. Despite the visibility was limited with the presence of fog bank on final, the crew decided to continue under VFR mode. On short final, the aircraft was too low, struck trees and crashed 850 meters short of runway 07. Both pilots and 20 passengers were killed while 22 other occupants were injured.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of the following factors:
- Adverse weather conditions,
- Poor approach planning,
- Poor judgement,
- Poor flight discipline as the crew failed to follow ATC instructions,
- Influence of environment as the region was conducive to the formation of fog,
- The captain had sufficient rest time but his last sleep period was less than five hours,
- The captain was going through a period in which he showed boredom, aggressiveness and demotivation.

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B in Lagos

Date & Time: Apr 1, 1990 at 1155 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
5N-ATL
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lagos - Port Harcourt
MSN:
534
YOM:
1967
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
45
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
20925
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll on runway 19L, at a speed of about 100 knots, the aircraft deviated from the centerline to the right. The pilot-in-command corrected with rudder but finally, the aircraft struck the right shoulder of the runway then veered off runway. It rolled in a grassy area and came to rest few dozen meters further. All 52 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair due to structural damages to the fuselage.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the right engine was not running properly during the takeoff roll, creating an asymmetric thrust and the aircraft to deviate from the centerline to the right. Investigations reported that the aircraft was subject to maintenance the days prior to the accident and modification were made to the fuel pump but nothing was entered in the airplane logbook. It was determined that the fuel pump overspeed governor had been set too low and a low power output at high TGT.

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B near Léoncel: 22 killed

Date & Time: Apr 10, 1989 at 2107 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-GGDM
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Paris - Valence
MSN:
532
YOM:
1967
Flight number:
UAR5602
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
19
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
22
Captain / Total flying hours:
8970
Captain / Total hours on type:
577.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
15639
Aircraft flight hours:
27249
Aircraft flight cycles:
39128
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Paris-Orly, the crew was cleared to descend to FL070 at 2049LT then to FL060 at 2055LT. Then the crew was instructed to turn right to 178° to the VOR of Vienne but after passing VNE VOR, he followed a wrong track off 155°. At 2058LT, the crew was transferred from Lyon-Satolas Approach to Valence Approach with whom the radio contact was established 30 seconds later. The crew was cleared to descend to 3,500 feet for a specified arrival route Vienne - Valence. A right turn to 200° was initiated when, at a speed of 187 knots, the aircraft struck the vertical cliff of 'Pierre Chauve' (1,260 meters high) located near Léoncel. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 22 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The accident is the direct result of a navigational error. This error had the direct causes:
- The display and use the VOR LSA (Lyon-Satolas) instead of VNE (Vienne),
- An insufficiency in the mental representation of the path of the aircraft despite other available information.
Moreover, the lack of rigor in the division of work in their execution and in the mutual control are contributing factors.
The Committee also noted that the following facts have facilitated the development of a critical situation:
- Documentation of the crew used for navigation and organization of the dashboard of the plane could be sources of error,
- The organization of the airspace in the region of Valence did not allow optimal use of existing radar,
- The tasks of the crew were not defined by the operator,
- The copilot had a moderate but significant blood alcohol level.
Final Report: