Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain in Salitre: 6 killed

Date & Time: Apr 7, 2021 at 1200 LT
Operator:
Registration:
HC-CVC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Nueva Loja – Guayaquil
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane (a PA-31 Panther II variant) departed Nueva Loja-Lago Agrio Airport at 1023LT on an ambulance flight to Guayaquil, carrying one patient, one nurse, two doctors and two pilots. The descent to Guayaquil-José Joaquín de Olmedo Airport was started when the aircraft crashed in unknown circumstances in the Río Salitre, near Salitre, about 35 km north of Guayaquil Airport. The aircraft was destroyed and all six occupants were killed.

Crash of an IAI Arava 201 in Fátima: 22 killed

Date & Time: Mar 15, 2016 at 1430 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
E-206
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Shell - Shell
MSN:
090
YOM:
1992
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
19
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
22
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft left Shell Airport at 1251LT for a local training flight with a crew of three and 19 skydivers on board. About an hour into the flight, the crew informed ground he was returning to his base due to the deterioration of the weather conditions. Few minutes later, the aircraft went out of control, crashed in a wooded area and came to rest upside down. All 22 occupants were killed. Up to date, this is the worst accident involving an IAI Arava 201.

Crash of an Embraer ERJ-190 in Quito

Date & Time: Sep 16, 2011 at 1911 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HC-CEZ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Loja - Quito - Cuenca - Quito
MSN:
190-00027
YOM:
2006
Flight number:
EQ148
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
97
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
6160
Captain / Total hours on type:
1879.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4891
Copilot / Total hours on type:
2807
Aircraft flight hours:
8752
Aircraft flight cycles:
13285
Circumstances:
After touch down on runway 35 in poor weather conditions, aircraft did not stop as expected, overrun runway, collided with a brick wall and came to rest. Four passengers were slightly injured while the aircraft named Ciudad de Cuenca was damaged beyond repair. It seems that crew landed long, reducing the runway length and braking distance available. Runway was wet at the time of the accident.
Probable cause:
The Board of Inquiry estimated that the probable cause of this accident was the crew's decision to continue the approach and landing without carrying out the procedures (ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY PROCEDURES) established by EMBRAER in the Quick Reference Handbook for when malfunctions occur in the slat/flap system, resulting in a landing too far down the runway. Due to wrong approach configuration, aircraft landed long at an excessive speed and crew did not activate all braking systems immediately after touch down. In these conditions, aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining runway.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter in Santa Clara: 6 killed

Date & Time: Jan 20, 2011 at 1545 LT
Operator:
Registration:
FAE449
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Pastaza - Tena
MSN:
934
YOM:
1986
Country:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Circumstances:
Crew was performing a flight to Tena on behalf of ECORAE's Institute, a government supply and support program for isolated population in the center of Ecuador. Aircraft crashed in unknown circumstances fifteen minutes after it left Pastaza-Shell Mera airport. A crew survived while five other occupants were killed. The survivor died few hours later.

Crash of a Cessna 303 Crusader in Ecuador: 1 killed

Date & Time: Jun 6, 2009 at 1300 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HC-BRD
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Guayaquil - Santo Domingo
MSN:
303-00084
YOM:
1981
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
While cruising in bad weather conditions, aircraft crashed in the mountainous region of Santa Rosa del Toachi, in Ecuador. Pilot was killed.
Probable cause:
Pilot was flying visually in IMC conditions.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-5 Buffalo in Quevedo

Date & Time: May 28, 2009 at 1055 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
AEE-501
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
104
YOM:
1980
Country:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
For unknown reasons, aircraft made a gear up landing in Quevedo. While all eight occupants escaped unhurt, aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Beechcraft Super King Air 200 in Quito: 7 killed

Date & Time: Mar 19, 2009 at 1725 LT
Operator:
Registration:
AEE-101
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
San Vicente-Quito
MSN:
BB-0811
YOM:
1981
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
On final approach in foggy conditions, the twin engine aircraft hit a building and crashed. All five occupants, pilots on training, were killed, as two other people on ground. Four other were seriously injured. The aircraft was approaching Quito-Mariscal Sucre at a too low altitude.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Fellowship 4000 in Quito

Date & Time: Sep 22, 2008 at 1115 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HC-CDT
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Quito – Coca
MSN:
11222
YOM:
1985
Flight number:
ICD504
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
62
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
9292
Captain / Total hours on type:
109.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
3889
Copilot / Total hours on type:
380
Aircraft flight hours:
42422
Aircraft flight cycles:
47727
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll from runway 25 at Quito-Mariscal Sucre Airport, the crew noted a fire alarm connected to the forward cargo compartment. The captain decided to abandon the takeoff procedure and initiated an emergency braking manoeuvre. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the aircraft overran, collided with the ILS antenna, went down an embankment then impacted a brick wall and came to rest 300 metres past the runway end. All 66 occupants were rescued, among them eight passengers were injured. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Failure of the crew to follow the published procedures following a fire alarm, as stated in the Operations Manual and the late application of the procedures once the decision to abort the takeoff was taken.
Contributing factors:
- Complacency on part of the crew who failed to proceed with a pre-takeoff briefing,
- A fact that influenced the lack of appropriate action from the crew to successfully tackle any emergency,
- Lack of crew resources management,
- The braking coefficient was low because the runway surface was wet.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-291 near Toacaso: 3 killed

Date & Time: Aug 30, 2008 at 2103 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
YV102T
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Caracas – Latacunga
MSN:
21545/525
YOM:
1978
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
9018
Captain / Total hours on type:
5915.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
3000
Copilot / Total hours on type:
989
Aircraft flight hours:
60117
Aircraft flight cycles:
52091
Circumstances:
The aircraft was parked at Caracas Airport for a while and had just been sold to an Ecuadorian operator. A crew of three departed Caracas-Maiquetía-Simón Bolívar Airport in the evening on a delivery flight to Latacunga, Ecuador. After being cleared to descend to FL180, FL150 then FL130, the crew was flying over a mountainous area when the GPWS alarm sounded. The crew apparently elected to gain height but the alarm sounded for 22 seconds when the aircraft collided with the Iliniza Volcano. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all three occupants were killed. The wreckage was found the following day at an altitude of 3,992 metres.
Probable cause:
Non-compliance by the crew of the technical procedures, configuration, speed and bank angle of the aircraft required for the completion of the initial turn of the Instrument Approach Procedure n°4 published in the AIP Ecuador, to Latacunga Airport, a failure that placed the aircraft outside of the protected area (published pattern), leading to high elevation mountainous terrain.
Contributing factors:
- Ignorance of the crew of the area which was under the approach path.
- Lack of documentation and procedures of the airline that govern the conduct of flights to non-scheduled and special airports.

Crash of an Airbus A340-642 in Quito

Date & Time: Nov 9, 2007 at 1706 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EC-JOH
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Madrid - Quito
MSN:
731
YOM:
2006
Flight number:
IB6463
Country:
Crew on board:
14
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
345
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
14024
Captain / Total hours on type:
2375.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
10095
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1742
Aircraft flight hours:
8704
Aircraft flight cycles:
965
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Madrid, the crew contacted Quito Approach at 1650LT and received descent instructions in preparation for an instrument approach no. 4 (VOR QIT DME/ILS) for runway 35. During the descent the crew were notified that preceding flights had reported braking action medium to poor. The flight crew selected auto braking to 'High'. At 17:05, the crew reported the runway in sight, after which the controller stated that the wind was 170° at 4 knots, the runway was wet and reported braking action was poor. The flight was cleared to land. The pilot in command, following the procedures established by Iberia, decided to leave the ILS glide path and captured the path of the PAPI lights. The aircraft touched down 200 metres past the threshold at a 3.09g side load. The spoilers deployed automatically and main gear tyres 3 and 8 blew. The flap lever was moved involuntarily by the copilot, from the full position to position 2. The crew applied full manual braking and select reverse thrust. The Auto Brake function failed, after which the crew disconnected the antiskid braking system and continued to apply manual braking. The aircraft passed the end of runway 35, with a ground speed of 90 knots, hit the ILS localizer and stopped 232 meters further. Passengers and crew were evacuated using the slide at door 2R, thirty minutes after the aircraft stopped. All occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the crew who decided to continue the approach to Quito Airport, knowing the poor runway conditions, poor weather conditions and the aircraft weight, and his failure to initiate a go-around procedure while forcing the aircraft to intercept the PAPI, causing the aircraft to be unstabilized.
Contributing factors:
- On the date of the incident, the crew did not have specific regulations and operating procedures (the briefing of the operator for the airport in Quito was inappropriate to the existent conditions).
- The fact that the crew still being experienced similar airports in Quito and had not experienced similar weather situations, circumstances that would have allowed a strategy of approximation consistent with the terms of this operation, in particular as regards:
- Calculations in flight for landing runway length,
- Minimum altitude to start the maneuver of changing the path of ILS to PAPI,
- Carrying out a very detailed briefing that allowed unwanted deviations on approach,
- The weather conditions existing at the time of landing (visibility, tail wind and moderate rain).