Region

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R in Magadan

Date & Time: Feb 20, 2020 at 1045 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-40642
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Magadan – Seymchan
MSN:
1G213-49
YOM:
1985
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
12
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The single engine airplane, operated by T-Cement, was engaged in a charter flight from Magadan to Seymchan, carrying 12 pilots and 12 mining employees of the company and their 445 kilos of luggages and personal stuffs. After takeoff from the snowy runway 01, while climbing to a height of 40-50 meters, the aircraft started to lose height then banked left and descended until it impacted a snow covered field near the airport. All 14 occupants were rescued while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Boeing 737-524 in Usinsk

Date & Time: Feb 9, 2020 at 1220 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
VQ-BPS
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Moscow - Usinsk
MSN:
28909/2960
YOM:
1997
Flight number:
UT595
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
94
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The approach to Usinsk Airport runway 13 was initiated with a horizontal visibility limited to 1,100 meters. On approach, ILS runway 13 and approach lights were inoperative. On short final, the aircraft was too low and struck the snow covered ground short of runway threshold. Upon impact, both main gear were torn off (the left main gear was torn off while the right main gear collapsed). The airplane slid on its belly and came to rest on the left side of the runway. All 100 occupants were able to evacuated and it is believed that two passengers were slightly injured during evacuation.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R near Lake Siljan-Kuel: 2 killed

Date & Time: Aug 30, 2019
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-33061
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Us-Khatyn – Suordakh
MSN:
1G218-48
YOM:
1986
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
En route from Us-Khatyn to Suordakh, the crew was forced to attempt an emergency landing when the airplane crashed near Lake Siljan-Kuel, about 400 km north of Yakutsk. Two occupants were killed while five others were injured and evacuated to Yakutsk.

Crash of an Airbus A321-211 in Moscow

Date & Time: Aug 15, 2019 at 0615 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
VQ-BOZ
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Moscow - Simferopol
MSN:
2117
YOM:
2003
Flight number:
U6178
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
226
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Moscow-Zukhovski Airport runway 12, while climbing to an altitude of 750 feet in excellent weather conditions, the airplane collided with a flock of birds (sea gulls). Some of them were ingested by both engines that lost power. It was later reported by the crew that the left engine stopped almost immediately while the right engine lost power and run irregularly. Unable to maintain a positive rate of climb, the captain decided to attempt an emergency landing in a cornfield. The airplane belly landed approximately 3,5 km past the runway end and slid for dozen meters before coming to rest with its both engines partially torn off. All 233 occupants were able to evacuate the cabin and it is reported that 23 people were slightly injured.

Crash of an Antonov AN-2 in Novoshchendrinskaya

Date & Time: Jul 16, 2019
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-3098K
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The pilot, apparently sole on board, was engaged in a crop spraying mission when he was forced to attempt an emergency landing following engine problems. The aircraft crashed onto a farm located in Novoshchedrinskaya, about 15 km north of Gudermes. The pilot and four people in the farm were injured.

Crash of an Antonov AN-24RV in Nizhneangarsk: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jun 27, 2019 at 1024 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-47366
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Ulan-Ude - Nizhneangarsk
MSN:
77310804
YOM:
1977
Flight number:
2G200
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
43
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
On a flight from Ulan-Ude to Nizhneangarsk, while descending to an altitude of 3,050 meters about 30 km from the destination airport, the crew contacted ATC and reported the failure of the left engine. The approach was continued to runway 22 and after touchdown, the crew started the braking procedure when the airplane veered off runway to the right. It rolled in a grassy area and eventually impacted the building of a sewage treatment plant located 380 meters to the right of the runway. The captain and the flight engineer were killed and the copilot was seriously injured. 22 other occupants were injured. The aircraft was destroyed by a post crash fire.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R near Dabady

Date & Time: Jun 9, 2019 at 1645 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-81519
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kyren - Kyren
MSN:
1G208-19
YOM:
1984
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
3690
Circumstances:
The crew departed Kyren Airport at 1600LT on a crop spraying mission to treat forests. About 40 minutes after departure, while flying at a speed of 140 km/h, the crew encountered downdrafts and the airplane lost height. Due to mountainous terrain, the crew made a turn to the right but the airplane continued to descend. The captain attempted an emergency landing when, at a speed of 85 km/h, the aircraft struck trees and crashed in a wooded area located 16 km southeast of Dabady. Both pilots were injured and evacuated to Irkutsk a day later.

Crash of a Sukhoi Superjet 100-95B in Moscow: 41 killed

Date & Time: May 5, 2019 at 1830 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-89098
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Moscow - Murmansk
MSN:
95135
YOM:
2017
Flight number:
SU1492
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
73
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
41
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed runway 24C at Moscow-Sheremetyevo Airport at 1803LT on a schedule service to Murmansk. Few minutes after takeoff, while climbing to an altitude of 10,000 feet, the crew encountered problems with the communication systems and informed ATC about an emergency situation via the transponder codes before returning to the airport. The crew completed a circuit then prepared for a landing on runway 24L. Upon touchdown, the airplane bounced then nosed down and landed a second time. On impact, the main landing gear collapsed and the airplane caught fire, slid for few hundred metres then veered off runway to the right and came to rest in flames. The aircraft was destroyed by fire. 37 occupants were evacuated while 41 people, among them a crew member, were killed.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R near Arkhangelsk

Date & Time: Nov 8, 2018
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-84674
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Arkhangelsk – Mezen
MSN:
1G191-52
YOM:
1981
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
En route from Arkhangelsk to Mezen, the crew encountered various problems and elected to make an emergency landing. The airplane struck trees and eventually crashed in a wooded area located about 50 km northeast of Arkhangelsk. All 13 occupants were rescued, two of them were injured. The aircraft was destroyed. It is believed that the crew encountered icing conditions.

Crash of a Boeing 737-8AS in Sochi

Date & Time: Sep 1, 2018 at 0258 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
VQ-BJI
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Moscow - Sochi
MSN:
29937/1238
YOM:
2002
Flight number:
UT579
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
164
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13995
Captain / Total hours on type:
6391.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
12277
Copilot / Total hours on type:
5147
Aircraft flight hours:
45745
Aircraft flight cycles:
23434
Circumstances:
On 31.08.2018 Boeing 737-800 VQ-BJI operated by UTAir Airlines conducted the scheduled flight UT 579 from Moscow (Vnukovo airport) to Sochi (Adler airport). During the preflight briefing (at 19:50) the crew was provided with the necessary weather information. At 20:15, the crew had passed the medical examination at Vnukovo airport mobile RWY medical unit. The Daily Check line maintenance (DY) was done on 30.08.2018 at Vnukovo airport by UTG aviation services, ZAO; job card # 11465742. The A/C takeoff weight was 68680 kg and the MAC was 26.46 %, that was within the AFM limitations for the actual conditions. At 21:33 the takeoff from Vnukovo airport was performed. The flight along he prescribed route was performed on FL350 in auto mode and without any issues. The F/O acted as the pilot flying (PF). When approaching the Sochi aerodrome traffic control area, the flight crew was provided by the aerodrome approach control with the approach and descending conditions, as well as with the weather conditions near the aerodrome. After descending to the height specified by Sochi Approach, the pilot contacted Sochi Radar, waited for the weather that met his minimum and was cleared for landing. In course of the first approach to landing (from the altitude about 30 m) when RVR got down because of heavy showers, the PIC took controls and performed the go-around. In course of the second approach, the crew performed the landing but failed to keep the airplane within the RWY. The airplane had landed at about 1285 m from the RWY threshold, overrun the threshold, broke through the aerodrome fencing, and came to rest in Mzymta river bed. This ended with the fire outbreak of fuel leaking from the damaged LH wing fuel tank. The crew performed the passenger evacuation. The aerodrome alert measures were taken and the fire was brought under control. Eighteen occupants were injured while all other occupants were unhurt. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The aircraft overrun, destroying and damage by fire were caused by the following factors:
- repeated disregarding of the windshear warnings which when entered a horizontal windshear (changing from the head wind to tail one) at low altitude resulted in landing at distance of 1285 m from the RWY threshold (overrunning the landing zone by 385 m) with the increased IAS and tail wind;
- landing to the runway, when its normative friction coefficient was less than 0.3 that according to the regulations in force, did not allow to land.
The factors contributed the accident:
- the crew violation of the AFM and Operator's OM requirements in regards to the actions required a forecasted or actual wind shear warning;
- use of the automatic flight mode (autopilot, autothrottle) in the flight under the windshear conditions which resulted in the aircraft being unstable (excess thrust) when turning to the manual control;
- lack of prevention measures taken by the Operator when the previous cases of poor crew response to windshear warning were found;
- insufficient crew training in regards to CRM and TEM that did not allow to identify committed mistakes and/or violations in good time;
- the crew members' high psychoemotional state caused by inconsistency between the actual landing conditions and the received training as well as the psychological limit which was determined by the individual psychological constitution of each member;
- insufficient braking both in auto and manual mode during the aircraft rollout caused by the insufficient tyre-to-ground friction aiming to achieve the specified rate of braking. Most probably the insufficient tyre-to-ground friction was caused by the significant amount of water on the RWY surface;
- the aerodrome services' noncompliance of Sochi International Aerodrome Manual requirements related to the RWY after heavy showers inspection which resulted in the crew provision of wrong normative friction coefficients. In obtaining of the increased overrun speed of about ≈75 kt (≈140 km/h) the later setting of engines into reverse mode was contributed (the engines were set into reverse mode 16 s later than the aircraft landed at distance of about ≈200 m from the runway end).
Final Report: