Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Punta Islita: 12 killed

Date & Time: Dec 31, 2017 at 1216 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TI-BEI
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Punta Islita – San José
MSN:
208B-0900
YOM:
2001
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Punta Islita Airport, the single engine aircraft went out of control and crashed in flames in a wooded area located few km from the airfield. The aircraft was totally destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all 12 occupants were killed, among them 10 US citizens. On January 12, 2018, the Air Operator Certificate (AOC) was suspended by the Costa Rica’s aviation authority (Dirección General de Aviación Civil). It was reported that the Head of Training died in the accident and that several other key people were not available anymore.

Crash of a Beechcraft Queen Air 80 in Manila: 14 killed

Date & Time: Dec 10, 2011 at 1415 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
RP-C824
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Manila - San Jose
MSN:
LD-021
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
14
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from runway 13/31 at Manila-Ninoy Aquino Airport, pilot informed ATC about engine problems and elected to return. Aircraft continued to fly in a flat attitude for few seconds with an engine buffeting. Pilot executed a left turn when aircraft dove into the ground and crashed in the suburb of Parañaque City in a huge explosion. On impact, aircraft hit several houses and a school and ground damages were important. All three occupants of the aircraft and eleven people on the ground (among them three children) were killed. Twenty other people were injured.
Probable cause:
Engine failure after take off.

Crash of an Embraer Phenom 100 in Sedona

Date & Time: May 25, 2011 at 1550 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N224MD
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
San Jose - Sedona
MSN:
500-00057
YOM:
2009
Flight number:
RSP240
Location:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight, the flight crew briefed the arrival to the destination airport and set the calculated landing speeds. The captain and the first officer reported that during final approach, it felt like the airplane was “pushed up” as the wind shifted to a tailwind or updraft before landing near the runway number markings. Upon touchdown, the captain applied the brakes and thought that the initial braking was effective; however, he noticed the airplane was not slowing down. The captain applied maximum braking, and the airplane began to veer to the right; he was able to correct back to the runway centerline, but the airplane subsequently exited the departure end of the runway and traveled down a steep embankment. A pilot-rated passenger reported that throughout the approach to landing, he thought the airplane was high and thought that the excessive altitude continued through and into the base-to-final turn. He added that the bank angle of this turn seemed greater than 45 degrees. Recorded communication from the cockpit voice and data recorder (CVDR) revealed that during the approach to landing, the flight crew performed the landing checks, and the captain noted difficulty judging the approach. About 1 minute later, the recording revealed that the ground warning proximity system reported “five hundred” followed by a “sink rate, pull up” alert about 16 seconds later. Data from the CVDR revealed that about 23 seconds before weight-on-wheels was recorded, the airplane was at an indicated airspeed of about 124 knots and descending. The data showed that this approximate airspeed was maintained until about 3 seconds before weight-on-wheels. The recorded data further showed that the approach speed was set to 120 knots, and the landing reference speed (vREF) was set to 97 knots. Using the reported airplane configuration and the 3.5-knot headwind that was reported at the time of the approach and landing, calculations indicate that the vREF speed should have been about 101 knots indicated airspeed, which would have required a landing distance of about 3,112 feet. Utilizing the same airplane configuration and wind condition with the flight’s reported 124 knot indicated airspeed just before touchdown, the landing distance was calculated to be about 5,624 feet. The intended runway for landing was 5,132-feet long with a 1.9 percent downward slope gradient, and a 123-foot long overrun area. A postaccident examination of the airplane, including the braking system, revealed no evidence of mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation. The pilot misjudged the airplane’s speed during the final approach, which resulted in runway overrun.
Probable cause:
The pilots’ unstabilized approach and excessive airspeed during approach, which resulted in an insufficient landing distance to stop the airplane before overrunning the runway.
Final Report:

Crash of a Rockwell Sabreliner 75 in San José, Costa Rica

Date & Time: Sep 3, 2007 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N726JR
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
San José – Cartagena
MSN:
370-4
YOM:
1971
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a Gippsland GA8 Airvan in Costa Rica: 1 killed

Date & Time: Nov 2, 2006 at 0530 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TI-BAH
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
San José-Liberia
MSN:
GA8-05-069
YOM:
2003
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:

The pilot, sole occupant, was performing a positionning flight from San José-Alajuela-Juan Santamaria airport to Liberia-Daniel Oduber Quiros, in the center of Costa Rica. The single engine aircraft left San José at 0500LT and crashed in a wooded area located in the Monteverde forrest, in the Cordillera of Guanacaste at 0530LT. The pilot was killed.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter in Tamarindo

Date & Time: Dec 16, 2005 at 1150 LT
Operator:
Registration:
TI-AZQ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
San José-Tamarindo
MSN:
805
YOM:
1984
Flight number:
5C331
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On final approach to Tamarindo airport, while flying at 500 feet, the aircraft stalled, hit trees and crashed in a wooded area located 2 km from runway threshold. All occupants were injured and the aircraft was destroyed. It seems that strong winds unbalanced the aircraft on approach.

Crash of a Cessna 425 Conquest in San Jose: 3 killed

Date & Time: Mar 6, 2002 at 1035 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N444JV
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
San Jose-La Paz
MSN:
425-0013
YOM:
1981
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
4987
Aircraft flight hours:
4315

Crash of a Cessna 208 Caravan in Quepos: 3 killed

Date & Time: Nov 29, 2001 at 1148 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HP-1405APP
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
San José-Quepos-Puerto Jimenez
MSN:
208-0788
YOM:
1999
Flight number:
LRS1625
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
5000
Copilot / Total flying hours:
800
Aircraft flight hours:
1955

Crash of a Cessna 402 in Costa Rica

Date & Time: Dec 20, 2000 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N908AB
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nosara - San José
MSN:
402-0908
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a Let 410 in San José, Costa Rica: 4 killed

Date & Time: Jan 15, 2000 at 1310 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
YS-09-C
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
San José-Tortuguero
MSN:
86 16 20
YOM:
1986
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Copilot / Total flying hours:
3000