Crash of a Beechcraft 350 Super King Air in Abuja: 7 killed

Date & Time: Feb 21, 2021 at 1148 LT
Operator:
Registration:
NAF201
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Abuja - Minna
MSN:
FL-585
YOM:
2008
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Abuja-Nnamdi Azikiwe Airport, while climbing, the crew informed ATC about an engine failure and was cleared for an immediate return. On final approach to runway 22, the aircraft went out of control and crashed in an open field, bursting into flames. The aircraft was destroyed and all 7 occupants were killed, among them two pilots, four ATOS specialists (Airborne Tactical Observation System) and one technician.

Crash of a Dornier DO228-212 in Kaduna: 7 killed

Date & Time: Aug 29, 2015 at 0647 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
NAF030
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kaduna – Abuja
MSN:
8219
YOM:
1993
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from the Kaduna Military Airfield, while climbing, the aircraft crashed in flames into a house at Ribadu Cantonment. All seven occupants (two pilots, two engineers and three passengers) were killed.

Crash of a Boeing 747-281BSF in Abuja

Date & Time: Dec 4, 2013 at 2119 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EK-74798
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jeddah - Abuja
MSN:
23698/667
YOM:
1986
Flight number:
SV6814
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful cargo flight from Jeddah, crew completed the landing procedure on runway 04 at Abuja-Nnamdi Azikiwe Airport. For unknown reasons, aircraft did not stop on the remaining runway, overrun the displaced threshold, veered to the right and exited the runway. On a grassy area, aircraft collided with several parked building machines and trucks. The aircraft came to a halt but was severely damaged to both wings and engines number three and four. As well, the engine number two was sheared off and a fire erupted, quickly extinguished.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 in Lagos: 163 killed

Date & Time: Jun 3, 2012 at 1545 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-RAM
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Abuja - Lagos
MSN:
53019/1783
YOM:
1990
Flight number:
DAV992
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
147
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
163
Captain / Total flying hours:
18116
Captain / Total hours on type:
7461.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1143
Copilot / Total hours on type:
808
Aircraft flight hours:
60846
Aircraft flight cycles:
35219
Circumstances:
Aircraft was performing flight DAV992 (9J992) from Abuja to Lagos. Following an uneventful flight, crew started the descent and intercepted the glide for runway 18R. Aircraft descended successively from 26,000 feet to 18,100 and 7,700 feet and was configured for landing with gear down, slats and flaps down also. While correctly aligned on the glide and approaching in good weather conditions, captain sent a brief message and declared an emergency, informing ATC that both engines failed. During the next 25 seconds, pilots tried to restart the engines but without success. Aircraft eventually stalled and crashed in the suburb of Iju, some 10,7 km short of runway 18R. On ground, aircraft destroyed several buildings and aircraft was also destroyed by impact forces and post impact fire. All 153 occupants and 10 people on the ground were killed. Several people on the ground were injured as well. Worst aircraft crash in Nigeria since 1973.
Probable cause:
Dual engine failure on approach. There was sufficient fuel in tanks and analysis confirmed the fuel was not contaminated.
Still under investigation by the Nigerian Accident Investigation Board (AIB Nigeria).

Crash of a Boeing 737-200 in Abuja: 97 killed

Date & Time: Oct 29, 2006 at 1130 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-BFK
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lagos - Abuja - Sokoto
MSN:
22891
YOM:
1983
Flight number:
ADK053
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
100
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
97
Aircraft flight hours:
56063
Aircraft flight cycles:
44088
Circumstances:
The aircraft was operating the flight ADK053 Lagos - Sokoto via Abuja with 110 people on board. Few passengers disembarked in Abuja. Shortly after takeoff from Abuja-Nnamdi Azikiwe airport, the 737 stalled, crashed and burst into flames in a corn field located 2 km from airport. 9 passengers were seriously injured while a woman on ground was killed. Weather conditions were described as worsering.

Crash of a Beechcraft Super King Air 200 in Kaduna: 2 killed

Date & Time: Nov 28, 2005 at 1038 LT
Registration:
N73MW
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Farnborough-Paris-Oued Isara-Kaduna-Abuja
MSN:
BB-0022
YOM:
1975
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:

The twin engine aircraft crashed and burned less than one minute after takeoff from Kaduna airport, Nigeria. It seems that one of the engine exploded shortly after takeoff.

Crash of an Embraer EMB-110P1A Bandeirante in Kaduna

Date & Time: Mar 17, 2000 at 1047 LT
Operator:
Registration:
5N-AXM
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Abuja - Jos
MSN:
110-446
YOM:
1984
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
10926
Circumstances:
On the day of the accident, the Embraer Bandeirante aircraft was engaged in a charter operation for the Central Bank of Nigeria. The first segment of the flight from Lagos (LOS) to Abuja (ABV) was flown by the Commander. The aircraft departed Lagos about 06:30 hours UTC and initially at cruise, the crew had a momentary problem setting power on the starboard engine after which the flight continued normally to Abuja. The aircraft which departed Abuja for Jos (JOS) at 09:00 hours UTC first officer at the controls. At FL 90 and about 30NM from Abuja, the crew again had problems with the cruise power setting on the starboard engine. The torque remained at 1400. The crew retarded the right power lever to the minimum with the aim of achieving a cruise setting of 1300 but the gear warning came on. The Commander at this stage took over the controls from the first officer. At 09:23 hours UTC, the aircraft contacted Kaduna Tower that it would be diverting to Kaduna (KAD) giving its flight level as 90 at a distance of 61 miles and estimating TMA at 24 miles, 'KC' at 41 miles, 6 souls on board and 5 hours endurance at departure. The tower then gave the aircraft an inbound clearance to 'KC' locator maintaining FL 90 and to expect no delay for a locator approach runway 05. Weather report at 09:00 hours UTC was also passed to the aircraft as wind 090/05 knots, QNH 1014 and temperature 30°C. At 09:28 hours UTC the airplane at about 42 miles, speed between 150-160 kts, requested descent and was cleared to 4,500ft, QNH 1014. At about 09:35 hours UTC, the pilots contacted tower that they would make a single engine approach because they were having problems controlling power on the starboard engine and it would be shut down. The commander then reviewed the single engine approach with the first officer estimating 4,500 ft at 8NM. Approaching 4,500 ft at 11 NM, the crew initiated right engine shut down after which the speed was decayed from 150 to 140 kts. At 09:46 hours UTC, the pilot reported 6nm final and field in sight while the tower requested him to report 4 miles final. The controller reported having the aircraft in sight and subsequently cleared it to land on runway 05 giving wind as north easterly 06 knots. Descending at 500ft/min, the commander requested for 25% of flap when the first officer selected full flap. When the aircraft was at 2,700 ft high, the speed had already decayed to between 100 - 110 kts. The crew applied full power on the port engine to arrest the speed decay but to no avail. The pilot was trying to correct the descent rate, speed decay and the asymmetry when the stall warning came on. The aircraft belly landed and struck the new VOR/DME site being constructed about 1175 m from the threshold of runway 05.
Probable cause:
The probable cause of this accident was the poor handling by the crew of the one-engine inoperative approach.

Crash of an Embraer EMB-110P1A Bandeirante in Abuja: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jan 5, 2000 at 1325 LT
Operator:
Registration:
5N-AXL
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lagos - Abuja - Ilorin
MSN:
110-455
YOM:
1984
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
On final approach to Abuja-Nnamdi Azikiwe Airport runway 22, the crew declared an emergency and reported smoke in the cockpit and cabin. Shortly later, the aircraft stalled and crashed 120 metres short of runway. A passenger and one people on the ground were killed while 12 other occupants were injured.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 in Abuja: 3 killed

Date & Time: Sep 13, 1994 at 1155 LT
Operator:
Registration:
5N-ATQ
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Lagos - Abuja
MSN:
538
YOM:
1977
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
While descending to Abuja-Nnamdi Azikiwe Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with low clouds, heavy rain falls and moderate to severe turbulences. As the ILS was out of calibration, the crew decided to perform a VOR/DME approach but following a misunderstanding of the VOR location, the crew started the final approach prematurely. Too low, the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located 12,2 km short of runway 22. Two people survived while three others were killed.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the crew who initiated the descent prematurely, causing the aircraft to descend too low too early. Poor weather conditions were considered as contributing factors.

Crash of a BAe 125-700B in Kaduna: 7 killed

Date & Time: Dec 31, 1985
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-AXP
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Abuja - Kaduna
MSN:
257203
YOM:
1983
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The crew was cleared to descent to 4,500 feet when the aircraft went out of control and crashed in an open field located 32 km short of runway. The aircraft was destroyed upon impact and all seven occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The exact cause of the accident was not determined with certainty. However, it is believed that the loss of control was the consequence of the combination of the following factors:
- Lack of altitude awareness on part of the crew,
- Crew distraction,
- Poor judgment on part of the crew,
- Possible optical illusion or wrong perception on approach due to intensity of the approach lights.