Ground collision with an ATR42-600 in Jakarta

Date & Time: Apr 4, 2016 at 1957 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-TNJ
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1015
YOM:
2014
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The ATR42-600 registered PK-TNJ was towed by technicians from the north apron to the south parking. At 1951LT, a Batik Air Boeing 737-8GP registered PK-LBS was cleared to backtrack runway 24 and doing a 180 turn at its threshold. At 1956LT, the crew of the B737 received the authorization to takeoff from runway 24, increased engine power and started the takeoff procedure. During the takeoff roll, at a speed of 110 knots, the captain saw the ATR42 crossing the runway in front of him, from the right to the left. He immediately started an emergency braking procedure but was unable to avoid the collision. The left wing of the B737 hit the tail and the left wing of the ATR42 that were partially sheared off. Both aircraft caught fire and the Boeing came to a halt after a distance of 1,660 meters from the runway threshold. All 56 occupants of the Boeing were quickly disembarked and the fire was extinguished. While the Boeing seems to be repairable, the ATR42 looks as damaged beyond repair. According to a statement from Batik Air, its crew received the clearance from ATC for takeoff.
Probable cause:
The collision was the result of a poor coordination by ATC staff at Jakarta Airport. The following factors were reported:
- Handling of two movements in the same area with different controllers on separate frequencies without proper coordination resulted in the lack of awareness to the controllers, pilots and towing car driver,
- The communication misunderstanding of the instruction to follow ID 7703 most likely contributed the towed aircraft enter the runway,
- The lighting environments in the tower cab and turning pad area of runway 24 might have diminished the capability to the controllers and pilots to recognize the towed aircraft that was installed with insufficient lightings.

Fire on a Boeing 767-269ER in Fort Lauderdale

Date & Time: Oct 29, 2015 at 1232 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N251MY
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Fort Lauderdale - Caracas
MSN:
23280/131
YOM:
30
Flight number:
DYA405
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
101
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
15700
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4140
Circumstances:
The aircraft was taxiing to holding point runway 28R when the crew of an aircraft traveling behind it (Silver Saab 340) reported fuel was leaking from the plane, according to Federal Aviation Administration. The 767's captain requested to return to stand but had to stop the aircraft as a fire erupted on the left engine. All 110 occupants were evacuated via slides, among them 21 were injured. The fire was extinguished but damages to the left side of the aircraft are heavy (engine, wing, bottom of fuselage and wing root). It is believed that the aircraft is written off. NTSB reported that a coupling of the main fuel supply line had disconnected in the wing to engine strut above and aft of the engine. The coupling has been retained for further investigation. No evidence of an uncontained engine failure or other failure was found.

Ground accident of a Boeing 747-436 in Johannesburg

Date & Time: Dec 22, 2013 at 2243 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-BNLL
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Johannesburg – London
MSN:
24054/794
YOM:
1990
Flight number:
BA034
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
17
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
185
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
20050
Captain / Total hours on type:
12500.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
5700
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1400
Aircraft flight hours:
110578
Aircraft flight cycles:
12832
Circumstances:
The British Airways aircraft B747-400, flight number BA034 with registration G-BNLL, was going to embark on a commercial international air transportation long haul flight from FAOR to EGLL. The ATC gave the crew instructions to push back, start and face south, then taxi using taxiway Bravo to the Category 2 holding point for Runway 03L. During the taxi, instead of turning to the left to follow Bravo, the crew continued straight ahead, crossing the intersection of taxiway Bravo and aircraft stand taxilane Mike. After crossing the intersection, still being on Mike, the aircraft collided with a building. An investigation was conducted and several causal factors were determined. Amongst others, it was determined that the crew erred in thinking they were still taxiing on Bravo while in fact they were taxiing on Mike. This mistake, coupled with other contributory factors such as the briefing information, taxi information, ground movement visual aids, confusion and loss of situational awareness led to the collision. All 202 occupants evacuated safely while four people in the building were injured. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The loss of situational awareness caused the crew to taxi straight ahead on the wrong path, crossing the intersection/junction of Bravo and Mike instead of following Bravo where it turns off to the right and leads to the Category 2 holding point. Following aircraft stand taxilane Mike; they collided with a building on the right-hand side of Mike.
Contributory Factors:
- Failure of the crew to carry out a briefing after they had received instruction from ATC that the taxi route would be taxiway Bravo.
- The lack of appropriate knowledge about the taxiway Bravo layout and relevant information (caution notes) on threats or risks to look out for while taxiing on taxiway Bravo en route to the Cat 2 holding point.
- The aerodrome infrastructure problems (i.e. ground movement navigation aids anomalies), which created a sense of confusion during the taxi.
- Loss of situation awareness inside the cockpit causing the crew not to detect critical cues of events as they were gradually unfolding in front of them.
- Failure of the other crew members to respond adequately when the Co-pilot was commenting on the cues (i.e. narrowness and proximity to the building).
- The intersection/junction of Bravo and Mike not being identified as a hotspot area on the charts.
Final Report:

Crash of a Saab 340B in Udon Thani

Date & Time: Oct 6, 2013 at 0845 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HS-GBG
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Chiang Mai - Udon Thani
MSN:
453
YOM:
1998
Flight number:
DD8610
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
25
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Chiang Mai, the crew completed the landing on runway 30 at Udon Thani Airport. The aircraft vacated runway and was taxiing when control was lost. The airplane veered to the right, entered a soft grassy area, lost its nose gear and came to rest. All 28 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Failure of the hydraulic system, causing the malfunction of the nosewheel steering system and the brakes.

Ground accident of a Saab 340A in Mendoza

Date & Time: Jan 2, 2013 at 1011 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
LV-BMD
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Mendoza - Neuquén
MSN:
123
YOM:
1988
Flight number:
OLS5420
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
30
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
7000
Captain / Total hours on type:
600.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1818
Copilot / Total hours on type:
110
Aircraft flight hours:
47798
Circumstances:
While taxiing to runway 18 for a departure to Neuquén, the twin engine aircraft went out of control, veered off taxiway to the left and rolled onto a soft ground four about 40 metres before coming to rest. The nose gear sank in soft ground, causing both propeller blades to struck the ground and to be partially torn off. The fuselage was hit by debris. All 33 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The loss of control during taxiing was the consequence of the combination of the following factors:
- The electric pump which controls fluid pressure in the hydraulic system was not operational, generating a deficit of fluid pressure in the hydraulic system.
- The low fluid pressure warning in the hydraulic system was not recognized by the crew.
- The crew could not control the path of the aircraft due to the unavailability of nose wheel steering.
- The persistence of an informal practice among the crews of the operator on the operation of the hydraulic system, contrary to the concept of operation of the hydraulic system established by the manufacturer.
- The lack of detection of the informal practice on the operation of the hydraulic system by the operator's safety monitoring mechanisms.
Final Report:

Ground fire of a Boeing 737-8KN in Antalya

Date & Time: Oct 14, 2012 at 0400 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TC-TJK
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Antalya - Trondheim
MSN:
35794/2794
YOM:
2009
Flight number:
CAI773
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
189
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the push back process, the pilots noticed smoke spreading in the cockpit and in the cabin and stopped the aircraft. All 196 occupants were evacuated but some were standing on wings and jumped down to the tarmac. 27 passengers were injured, some of them seriously. The aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair due to smoke.
Probable cause:
It is believed that a short circuit occurred in the cockpit panel, on the captain side, most probably in the vicinity of the oxygen system.

Crash of a Canadair CRJ-200ER in Saint George: 1 killed

Date & Time: Jul 17, 2012 at 0100 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N865AS
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
MSN:
7507
YOM:
2001
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
Registered N865AS, the landed at Saint George Airport, Utah, at 2236LT after completing flight DL7772 from Salt Lake City. All occupants deplaned and the aircraft was parked on the ramp for the night. Shortly after midnight, a commercial pilot climbed over the barbed wire fence, open the door of the aircraft (which was not closed by key) and managed to start the engines. The aircraft rolled for several metres before then impacted the terminal building, went through the fence and came to rest in a parking lot. The pilot shot himself in the cockpit. Polices forces confirmed later that he wanted to stole the aircraft after his girlfriend was killed that day in Colorado Springs.
Probable cause:
Aircraft stolen by a commercial pilot who shot himself in the cockpit after trying to take off without any clearance (illegal flight). No investigations were conducted by the NTSB on this event.

Ground fire of a Short 360-100 in Houston

Date & Time: May 17, 2012 at 0715 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N617FB
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Houston – Austin
MSN:
3617
YOM:
1983
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
5348
Captain / Total hours on type:
2305.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
832
Copilot / Total hours on type:
171
Aircraft flight hours:
27504
Circumstances:
The pilots reported that the cargo airplane was about 60 pounds over its maximum takeoff weight. Because their taxi to the assigned runway was long, they decided to reduce weight by using higher-than-normal engine power settings to burn fuel before takeoff while using the wheel brakes to control the airplane’s speed while taxiing. During the taxi, a fire ignited in the right wheel housing. The pilots brought the airplane to a stop on the taxiway, evacuated, and attempted to extinguish the fire with two handheld fire extinguishers. Airport firefighting personnel arrived on scene and extinguished the fire using foam suppressant. Although the fire damage was extensive, postaccident examination of the airplane did not show evidence of mechanical malfunctions or failures with the wheel and brake system that could have caused the fire. The right and left main landing gear tires deflated when the fusible plugs in the wheels blew due to overheating. The fusible plugs are designed to “fail” if the wheels overheat, and those plugs functioned as designed. The pilots stated that they had been trained to not ride the brakes while taxiing. However, the captain stated that he did not realize that he was in danger of blowing the tires much less causing a fire, otherwise he would not have attempted to bum off excess fuel while taxiing.
Probable cause:
The pilots’ improper decision to burn fuel during the taxi by operating the engines at a higher-than-normal power setting and using the wheel brakes to control taxi speed, which resulted in a wheel fire.
Final Report:

Ground accident of a Douglas C-54G Skymaster in San Juan

Date & Time: Mar 22, 2012 at 1915 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N406WA
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Christiansted – San Juan
MSN:
35944
YOM:
1945
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful cargo flight from Christiansted-Henry E. Rohlsen Airport, the crew completed the landing normally at San Juan-Luis Muñoz Marin Airport. While taxiing to the ramp, the nose gear collapsed and the aircraft came to rest. Both pilots escaped uninjured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
No investigations were conducted by the NTSB.

Ground accident of a Dassault Falcon 20F in Newnan

Date & Time: Oct 3, 2011
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
XA-NCC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
264
YOM:
1972
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
A technician was in charge to ferry the airplane to a hangar for a maintenance control. While taxiing, the Falcon went out of control, rolled down an embankment and collided with a utility pole. The nose was severely damaged and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. According to the technician, who escaped uninjured, the brakes failed while taxiing.
Probable cause:
No investigation was conducted by the NTSB.