Crash of a Boeing 737-4Y0 in Jakarta

Date & Time: Mar 20, 2021 at 1126 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-YSF
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jakarta - Makassar
MSN:
23869/1639
YOM:
1988
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Few minutes after takeoff from Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma Airport, the crew informed ATC about technical problems and was cleared to return. Shortly after touchdown on runway 24, the right main gear collapsed. The aircraft slid for few hundred metres then veered off runway to the right and came to rest in a grassy area. There were no injuries among the occupant and the aircraft is damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Learjet 31A in Jakarta

Date & Time: Sep 25, 2016 at 1946 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-JKI
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Yogyakarta – Jakarta
MSN:
31-213
YOM:
2001
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was performing an ambulance flight from Yogyakarta-Adisujipto Airport to Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma on behalf of the Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia). The approach was completed by night and marginal weather conditions. After touchdown on runway 24, the aircraft skidded on the wet runway and after a run of 1,300 meters, it veered to the right and left the pavement. While contacting soft ground, the right main gear was sheared off while the left main gear was partially torn off. The aircraft then hit the ground several times, causing the left wing to be bent. Eventually, the right engine dislodged from his mount. All eight occupants were evacuated safely and there was no fire.

Ground collision with an ATR42-600 in Jakarta

Date & Time: Apr 4, 2016 at 1957 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-TNJ
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1015
YOM:
2014
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The ATR42-600 registered PK-TNJ was towed by technicians from the north apron to the south parking. At 1951LT, a Batik Air Boeing 737-8GP registered PK-LBS was cleared to backtrack runway 24 and doing a 180 turn at its threshold. At 1956LT, the crew of the B737 received the authorization to takeoff from runway 24, increased engine power and started the takeoff procedure. During the takeoff roll, at a speed of 110 knots, the captain saw the ATR42 crossing the runway in front of him, from the right to the left. He immediately started an emergency braking procedure but was unable to avoid the collision. The left wing of the B737 hit the tail and the left wing of the ATR42 that were partially sheared off. Both aircraft caught fire and the Boeing came to a halt after a distance of 1,660 meters from the runway threshold. All 56 occupants of the Boeing were quickly disembarked and the fire was extinguished. While the Boeing seems to be repairable, the ATR42 looks as damaged beyond repair. According to a statement from Batik Air, its crew received the clearance from ATC for takeoff.
Probable cause:
The collision was the result of a poor coordination by ATC staff at Jakarta Airport. The following factors were reported:
- Handling of two movements in the same area with different controllers on separate frequencies without proper coordination resulted in the lack of awareness to the controllers, pilots and towing car driver,
- The communication misunderstanding of the instruction to follow ID 7703 most likely contributed the towed aircraft enter the runway,
- The lighting environments in the tower cab and turning pad area of runway 24 might have diminished the capability to the controllers and pilots to recognize the towed aircraft that was installed with insufficient lightings.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Friendship 4000 in Singapore

Date & Time: May 16, 1998 at 1315 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-VFY
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jakarta - Singapore
MSN:
11179
YOM:
1982
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
73
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma Airport on a charter flight to Singapore, carrying expatriates who were leaving Indonesia due to political unrest. On approach to Singapore-Seletar Airport, the copilot followed the checklist but failed to arm the lift dumper which affected the antiskid system that could not be used. After landing on a wet runway surface, the crew started the braking procedure but this was insufficient so the captain applied emergency brakes which is not recommended when hydroplaning is suspected. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the aircraft overran, lost its left wing and left main gear before coming to rest. All 80 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was written off.

Crash of a Lockheed L-382G-43C Hercules in Hong Kong: 6 killed

Date & Time: Sep 23, 1994 at 1915 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-PLV
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Hong Kong - Djakarta
MSN:
4826
YOM:
1979
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Captain / Total flying hours:
11781
Captain / Total hours on type:
3949.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
9064
Copilot / Total hours on type:
2570
Aircraft flight hours:
15223
Circumstances:
Following a normal takeoff roll, the pilot-in-command started the rotation. During initial climb, at a height of about 100 feet and at a speed of 122 knots, the engine n°4 went into Beta range and lost power. The crew elected to regain control but the aircraft rolled to the right, causing the right wing to struck the grassy area along runway 13. Out of control, the aircraft plunged in the Kowloon Bay and came to rest 500 metres offshore. Six occupants were rescued while six others were killed.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of the following factors:
- The n°4 propeller went into Beta range shortly after rotation because the cable of the speed lever failed,
- The crew were unable to maintain control of the aircraft following this occurrence.

Crash of a Lockheed C-130H-30 Hercules in Jakarta: 135 killed

Date & Time: Oct 5, 1991 at 1500 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
A-1324
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Jakarta - Bandung
MSN:
4927
YOM:
1982
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
12
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
122
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
135
Circumstances:
The four engine aircraft was returning to Bandung, carrying 122 airmen who had just took part to the annual Armed Forces Day ceremony at Jakarta-Halim Perdanakusuma Airport. One minute after takeoff, while in initial climb, the crew declared an emergency and reported engine problems. After being cleared to return for an emergency landing, the crew lost control of the airplane that stalled and crashed on a building housing the Department of Labour. A passenger survived while 133 other occupants were killed as well as two security guards working in the building.
Probable cause:
Loss of control after the engine n°3 caught fire during initial climb for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Casa 212 Aviocar 200 in the Banten Bay: 9 killed

Date & Time: Jan 2, 1990 at 1340 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-PCM
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Palembang – Jakarta
MSN:
217/57N
YOM:
1983
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
13
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Circumstances:
En route from Palembang to Jakarta, while cruising at an altitude of 9,500 feet, the right engine failed. As the crew was unable to maintain the assigned altitude, luggages and cargos were jettisoned but the aircraft continued to descent. Eventually, the crew was forced to ditch the aircraft that crashed in the Banten Bay, few km offshore. Seven people were rescued while nine others including both pilots were killed.
Probable cause:
It is understood that the takeoff weight on departure from Palembang was 18,192 lb, which was over the 16,160 lb maximum takeoff weight. The weight of two ground fire extinguishers and a GPU which were carried on board as cargo were probably underestimated.