Country
code

North Sumatra

Crash of a Lockheed KC-130B Hercules in Medan: 142 killed

Date & Time: Jun 30, 2015 at 1150 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
A-1310
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Medan – Tanjung Pinang
MSN:
3616
YOM:
0
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
11
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
102
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
142
Circumstances:
Two minutes after take off from runway 23 at Medan-Soewondo AFB (ex Medan-Polonia Airport), while climbing in good weather conditions, the crew informed ground about technical problem. The aircraft banked right, hit a pole and the roof of a building and then crashed inverted in a huge explosion in a suburb located less than 5 km from the airport. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and post crash fire and several buildings were destroyed as well. According to the last report confirmed by Agus Supriatna, Head of the Indonesian Air Force, the aircraft was carrying 102 passengers and a crew of 11. None of them survived the crash. In addition to them, at least 29 people on the ground were also killed while 20 others were injured. It is believed that an engine failed shortly after rotation.
Crew:
1st Lt Sandi Permana, pilot,
1st Lt Pandu Setiawan, copilot,
Lt Dian Sukman P, copilot,
Cpt Riri Setiawan, navigator,
Serma Bambang H, radio operator,
Peltu Ibnu Kohar, flight engineer,
Pelda Andik S, flight engineer,
Peltu Ngateman, load master,
Peltu Yahya Komari,
Pelda Agus P,
Dan Prada Alvian.

Crash of a Casa 212 Aviocar in Bohorok: 18 killed

Date & Time: Sep 29, 2011 at 0735 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PK-TLF
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Medan - Kuta Cane
MSN:
88N/283
YOM:
1989
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
14
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
18
Captain / Total flying hours:
5935
Captain / Total hours on type:
3730.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2500
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1100
Aircraft flight hours:
11329
Aircraft flight cycles:
13626
Circumstances:
On 29 September 2011, a CASA 212-200 aircraft registered PK-TLF was being operated by Nusantara Buana Air as a non-scheduled passenger flight from Polonia International Airport (MES/WIMM), Medan - North Sumatera1 to Alas Leuser Airstrip Kuta Cane, South East Aceh. The flight was conducted under Visual Flight Rules (VFR) The aircraft departed from Medan at 0728 LT (0028 UTC) and scheduled to be arrived at Kuta Cane at 0058 UTC. There were 18 person on board consisted of two pilots and 16 passengers including two children and two infants. The aircraft radar target was last observed on the radar screen at about 0050 UTC, while at position on radial 262˚ and 35 NM from MDN VOR. The aircraft was found impacted to a of 70º slope terrain at 5,055 feet altitude in the Leuser Mountain National Park, direction of 109 and 16 Nm from Kuta Cane on coordinate N 030 24’ 00” E 0980 01’ 00”. All 18 occupants were fatally injured and the aircraft was severely damage.
Probable cause:
Factors:
1. The flight was in VFR however both pilots agreed to fly into the cloud, consequently, the flight crew had lack of situation awareness due to lost of visual references to the ground and no or late recovery action prior to impact due to low visibility.
2. There was lack of good crew coordination due to steep cockpit transition gradient.
3. There was no checklist reading and crew briefing.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-200 in Medan: 149 killed

Date & Time: Sep 5, 2005 at 1015 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-RIM
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Medan - Jakarta
MSN:
22136
YOM:
1981
Flight number:
RI091
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
112
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
149
Captain / Total flying hours:
7522
Captain / Total hours on type:
7302.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2353
Copilot / Total hours on type:
685
Aircraft flight hours:
51599
Aircraft flight cycles:
51335
Circumstances:
Less than one minute after takeoff from runway 05/23, the aircraft stalled and crashed into a residential aera located 500 metres from the runway end. The aircraft exploded on impact and several houses were destroyed. 100 people on board were killed and also 49 people on ground (total of 149 victims). Weather conditions were supposed to be good at the time of the accident.

Crash of an Airbus A300-600 in Medan: 234 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1997 at 1334 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-GAI
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Djakarta-Medan
MSN:
0214
YOM:
1982
Flight number:
GA152
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
12
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
222
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
234
Captain / Total flying hours:
15000
Aircraft flight hours:
26950
Aircraft flight cycles:
16500

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-32 in Medan: 23 killed

Date & Time: Apr 4, 1987 at 1440 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-GNQ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Banda Aceh - Medan
MSN:
47741
YOM:
1976
Flight number:
GA035
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
37
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
23
Circumstances:
On final approach to Medan-Polonia Airport, pilots encountered poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity, turbulences and heavy rain falls. On final, the aircraft became unstable and lost height. The pilot increased engine power when the aircraft struck a television antenna, stalled and crashed in a field, bursting into flames. 23 occupants were killed while 22 others were injured.
Probable cause:
Loss of control on final approach probably caused by windshear and microburst.

Crash of a Lockheed L-188C Electra in Medan

Date & Time: Nov 30, 1985
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-RLG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jakarta - Padang
MSN:
2008
YOM:
1959
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
37
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On approach to Padang-Tabing Airport, both wheels on the right main gear detached and fell on a watch manufacture located in the approach path. The captain decided to divert to Medan-Polonia Airport more suitable for an emergency landing. Following a normal approach, the four engine aircraft belly landed and slid for few dozen meters before coming to rest. All 45 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Loss of both right wheels for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Lockheed C-130H-MP Hercules on Mt Sibayak: 10 killed

Date & Time: Nov 21, 1985
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
A-1322
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Jakarta - Medan
MSN:
4898
YOM:
1981
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
10
Circumstances:
While descending to Medan-Polonia in poor weather conditions, the four engine aircraft struck the slope of Mt Sibayak and was destroyed upon impact. All 10 occupants were killed.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Fellowship 1000 on Mt Sibayak: 61 killed

Date & Time: Jul 11, 1979 at 1900 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PK-GVE
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Palembang - Medan
MSN:
11055
YOM:
1972
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
57
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
61
Aircraft flight hours:
14154
Aircraft flight cycles:
14084
Circumstances:
The Fellowship christened 'Mamberamo' departed Palembang Airport at 1732LT on a schedule flight to Medan. After the crew was cleared for an NDB approach to runway 05 at Polonia Airport, he started the descent in a limited visibility. While descending at an altitude of 5,560 feet by night, the airplane struck the slope of Mt Sibayak (2,194 meters high) located about 38 km southwest of Medan-Polonia Airport. The aircraft was totally destroyed upon impact and all 61 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
For unknown reasons, the crew started the descent prematurely and continued the approach below the glide, resulting in a controlled flight into terrain. The lack of visibility was considered as a contributing factor.