Region

Crash of a Cessna S550 Citation S/II near George: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jan 23, 2020 at 1050 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
ZS-CAR
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
George - George
MSN:
S550-0078
YOM:
1985
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
A Cessna S550 Citation S/II of the South African Civil Aviation Authority crashed into the Outeniqua mountains, near the town of Friemersheim. The three occupants were killed and the aircraft was destroyed. The Citation departed Port Elizabeth Airport (FAPE) on a positioning flight to George Airport (FAGG). On approach to FAGG, the flying crew requested to carry out a calibration flight for the very high frequency omnidirectional range (VOR) beacon at FAGG. Due to inclement weather conditions at the time, they were not cleared to conduct VOR calibration. As a result, they decided to land and refuel the aircraft before commencing with the calibration of the Instrument Landing System (ILS) on runway 11 at FAGG. The flying crew requested take-off from runway 11 and an early right turn to intercept radial 250°, 17 nautical miles (nm) DME arc to radial 330° at 3000 feet (ft) climbing to 4,000 feet. The air traffic control (ATC) granted their request. Radar data indicated that at 10:42, the aircraft took off from runway 11 and, once airborne, made a right-hand turn to intercept radial 250° using the George VOR (GRV VOR). The aircraft climbed to 3000ft. Once the aircraft reached 17 nm on the DME from the GRV VOR (DME is co-located with the VOR), it commenced with a right-hand turn to intercept radial 330° while maintaining 17nm DME arc. At 10:46, the ATC at FAGG advised the flying crew that they were now exiting controlled airspace and were advised to broadcast on the special rules frequency. The crew acknowledged the advisory to change frequency and there was no further communication. The aircraft was still being monitored by ATC using secondary surveillance radar. At 10:50, radar data showed the aircraft crossing radial 310° and entered a climb from 3000ft, reaching 3,900 feet. As the aircraft levelled off at 3,900 feet, a rapid descent occurred, and the aircraft lost 1500ft in approximately 9 seconds. Three seconds prior to impact, the aircraft nose pitched up before impacting a ridge at 2,192 feet.

Crash of a Convair CV-340 in Pretoria: 1 killed

Date & Time: Jul 10, 2018 at 1639 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
ZS-BRV
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Pretoria - Sun City
MSN:
215
YOM:
1954
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
17
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
18240
Captain / Total hours on type:
63.00
Aircraft flight hours:
18115
Circumstances:
On Tuesday 10 July 2018, at approximately 1439Z, two crew members and 17 passengers took off on a ZS-BRV aircraft for a scenic flight from Wonderboom Aerodrome (FAWB) destined for Pilanesberg Aerodrome (FAPN) when the accident occurred. During take-off, the left engine caught fire, however, the crew continued with the flight. They declared an emergency by broadcasting ‘MAYDAY’ and requesting to return to the departure aerodrome. The crew turned to the right with the intention of returning to the aerodrome. However, the left engine fire intensified, causing severe damage to the left wing rear spar and left aileron system, resulting in the aircraft losing height and the crew losing control of the aircraft and colliding with power lines, prior to crashing into a factory building. The footage taken by one of the passengers using their cellphone showed flames coming from the front top side of the left engine cowling and exhaust area after take-off. The air traffic control (ATC) on duty at the time of the accident confirmed that the left engine had caught fire during take-off and that the crew had requested clearance to return to the aerodrome. The ATC then activated the crash alarm and the aircraft was prioritized for landing. During the accident sequence that followed, one passenger (engineer) occupying the jump seat in the cockpit was fatally injured and 18 others sustained injuries. The investigation revealed that during take-off, the left engine had caught fire and the crew had continued with the flight without securing the left engine as prescribed in the aircraft flight manual (AFM). The crew had then declared an emergency and attempted to return to the aerodrome, however, they lost control of the aircraft and collided with power lines prior to crashing into a factory building. Owned by Rovos Air (part of the South African Rovos Rail Group), the aircraft was donated to the Dutch Museum Aviodrome based in Lelystad and has to be transferred to Europe with a delivery date on 23 July 2018. For this occasion, the aircraft was repaint with full Martin's Air Charter colorscheme. Part of the convoy program to Europe, the airplane was subject to several test flights, carrying engineers, technicians, pilots and also members of the Aviodrome Museum.
Probable cause:
During take-off, the left engine caught fire and the crew continued with the flight without securing the left engine as prescribed in the aircraft flight manual (AFM). The crew declared an emergency and attempted to return to the aerodrome, however, they lost control of the aircraft and collided with power lines prior to crashing into a factory building. The following contributing factors were reported:
- Pre-existing damage to the cylinder No 13 piston and ring pack deformation and, most probably, the cylinder No 7’s fractured exhaust valve head that were not detected during maintenance of the aircraft,
- Substandard maintenance for failing to conduct compression tests on all cylinders during the scheduled maintenance prior to the accident,
- Misdiagnosis of the left engine manifold pressure defect as it was reported twice prior to the accident,
- The crew not aborting take-off at 50 knots prior to reaching V1; manifold pressure fluctuation was observed by the crew at 50 knots and that should have resulted in an aborted take-off,
- Lack of crew resource management; this was evident as the crew ignored using the emergency checklist to respond to the in-flight left engine fire,
- Lack of recency training for both the PF and PM, as well as the LAME,
- Non-compliance to Civil Aviation Regulations by both the crew and the maintenance organisation.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna (DMI) Falcon 402 in Lanseria

Date & Time: Dec 13, 2016 at 1530 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
ZU-TVB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lanseria - Bazaruto Island
MSN:
402B-1008
YOM:
1975
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Lanseria bound for Bazaruto Island, Mozambique, the pilot informed ground that the engine failed and elected to return for an immediate landing. On final, the aircraft hit a perimeter fence and crashed in flames near the runway threshold. All three occupants were injured and the aircraft was destroyed by a post crash fire. Built in 1975, this Cessna 402B was equipped with a new turbo engine and redesigned as a single engine Cessna (DMI) Falcon 402 (the C402 is usually a twin engine aircraft).

Crash of a Cessna 208 Caravan I near Langebaanweg AFB

Date & Time: Mar 3, 2016
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
3004
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Langebaanweg - Langebaanweg
MSN:
208-0130
YOM:
1988
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed upside down in a field located near the Langebaanweg AFB while practicing a night training exercise. The aircraft was destroyed and both pilots were injured.

Crash of an Eclipse EA500 near Swellendam: 1 killed

Date & Time: Dec 7, 2015 at 1055 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
ZS-DKS
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Lanseria - Cape Town
MSN:
142
YOM:
2008
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
The pilot left Lanseria Airport bound for Cape Town and was authorized to climb up to 36,000 feet. The aircraft was vectored by ATC and few minutes later, radio contact was lost. Then the aircraft made several turns and started to lose height. Unable to establish any contact, ATC informed local authorities and a Saab Gripen from the Test Flight and Development Centre based at Overberg AFB was engaged in an interception mission. The Gripen's pilot maintained a position aside the Eclipse for almost 15 minutes when the Eclipse continued a descent with a rate of 3,700 feet per minute until it crashed in a field. The pilot Kobus Dicks was killed and the aircraft disintegrated on impact. Due to unplanned and successive turns and absence of any contact with the pilot, it is believed that he may suffer from hypoxia or incapacitation, maybe in relation with a technical problem on the pressurization system.

Crash of a Cessna 441 Conquest II in Cape Town: 5 killed

Date & Time: Aug 16, 2015 at 0650 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
V5-NRS
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Windhoek - Cape Town
MSN:
441-0288
YOM:
1983
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
On final approach to Cape Town Airport in marginal weather conditions, the twin engine aircraft hit the slope of Mt Tygerberg located about 5 km from the runway 19 threshold. The crew was completing an ambulance flight from Windhoek-Eros Airport when the accident occurred. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and post crash fire and all five occupants (two pilots, a nurse, a patient and his daughter) were killed. At the time of the accident, a traffic radar at Cape Town Airport was out of order due to a technical problem. As well, the visibility was poor due to marginal weather conditions.

Crash of a Cessna 208 Caravan I Near Lydenburg: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jun 17, 2014 at 1030 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
3006
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Sabi Sabi - Lydenburg
MSN:
208-00136
YOM:
1988
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft and its crew were performing a training flight from Sabi Sabi to Lydenburg on behalf of the 41st Squadron. En route, and in unknown circumstances, the aircraft crashed near the Long Tom Pass, in the region of Lydenburg. Two passengers were rescued while all three other occupants were killed.

Crash of a Beechcraft King Air C90GTx in Lanseria: 3 killed

Date & Time: Feb 3, 2014 at 0700 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
ZS-CLT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
MSN:
LJ-2011
YOM:
2011
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
Landing process was executed and completed in poor weather conditions with heavy rain falls. After touch down, aircraft did not stop as expected, overrun and went down an embankment before bursting into flames. All three occupants, a pilot and two passengers, were killed. They were employees of Crane Load Technology, owner of the aircraft.

Crash of an AMI Turbo C-47TP in the Drakensberg Mountains: 11 killed

Date & Time: Dec 5, 2012 at 0945 LT
Operator:
Registration:
6840
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Waterkloof - Mthatha
MSN:
13866/25311
YOM:
1944
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
11
Circumstances:
Aircraft left Waterkloof AFB, south of Pretoria, around 0745LT on a flight to Mthatha. En route, crew encountered bad weather conditions and was forced to continue in IMC. While overflying the Drakensberg mountain range at an altitude of 11,000 feet, aircraft hit the ground and crashed. Debris were spotted one day later and all eleven occupants were killed.
Crew:
Major K. Misrole
Captain Z.M. Smith
Sergeant B.K. Baloyi
Sergeant E. Boes
Sergeant J.M. Mamabolo
Corporal L. Mofokeng
Passengers:
Sergeant L. Sobantu
Corporal N.W. Khomo
Corporal A. Matlaila
Corporal M.J. Mthomben
Lance-corporal N.K. Aphane.

Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain in Johannesburg

Date & Time: Nov 25, 2012 at 1200 LT
Registration:
ZS-JHN
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Johannesburg-Rand - Johannesburg-Grand Central
MSN:
31-7405496
YOM:
1974
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
En route, while performing a flight from Johannesburg-Rand Airport to Johannesburg-Grand Central Airport, pilot reported technical problems on left engine. Few seconds later, right engine fired and pilot reduced his altitude and made an emergency landing in an open field short of Rand Airport. Aircraft rolled few yards and came to rest in flames. As pilot was unharmed, aircraft was destroyed by fire.