Crash of an Antonov AN-26B in Beni

Date & Time: Dec 24, 2018
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9T-TAB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani – Beni
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
68
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The airplane was completing a flight from Kisangani to Beni, carrying 68 soldiers who should be dispatched in the region of Beni. After touchdown, the airplane encountered difficulties to stop within the remaining distance, overran and went down an embankment. It came to rest in flames, broken into several pieces. While all 72 occupants evacuated safely, 10 of them were injured, the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a Boeing 727-022 in Kisangani: 77 killed

Date & Time: Jul 8, 2011 at 1511 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-COP
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa - Kisangani - Goma
MSN:
18933/185
YOM:
1965
Flight number:
EO952
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
108
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
77
Captain / Total flying hours:
7000
Captain / Total hours on type:
5000.00
Aircraft flight hours:
52613
Circumstances:
Crew started the descent to Kisangani-Bangoka Airport in poor weather conditions with low visibility. On final approach, pilot did not have any visual contact with the runway but continue until the aircraft hit the ground some 1,000 meters short of runway 31. On impact, aircraft went out of control, veered to the right, exploded and disintegrated in a wooded area located to the right of the centerline. Five crew and 72 passengers were killed.
Probable cause:
In a preliminary report, DRC authorities pointed out the following elements:
- the flight crew misjudged weather conditions,
- the airline assigned unqualified/non-licensed crew to operate the Boeing 727-100 (the pilot's licence was not up to date),
- tower controllers were not licensed (two ATC's did not have a proper licence and above legal age)
- tower control staff was insufficient (six only for the complete roster),
- tower controllers provided erroneous/false weather data to flying crew,
- the airport authority lacked security plans,
- phonic records between tower control and crew were erased (destroyed) before the commission of inquiry can start any investigation.

Crash of a Canadair RegionalJet CRJ100 in Kinshasa: 32 killed

Date & Time: Apr 4, 2011 at 1400 LT
Operator:
Registration:
4L-GAE
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani – Kinshasa
MSN:
7070
YOM:
1995
Flight number:
UNO834
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
29
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
32
Captain / Total flying hours:
2811
Captain / Total hours on type:
1622.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
495
Copilot / Total hours on type:
344
Circumstances:
On final approach to Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, the crew encountered very poor weather conditions and decided to make a go around. After a climb process of 12 seconds, the aircraft nosed down and at a speed of 180 knots, hit the ground 170 meters to the left of the displaced threshold of runway 24. The aircraft slid for 400 meters before coming to rest in flames upside down. Three passengers were seriously injured and evacuated but of them died from their injuries few hours later. Finally, only one passenger survived the accident. Aircraft was performing a special flight from Kisangani to Kinshasa on behalf of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). The only survivor reported that the aircraft suddenly plunged into the earth while on final approach. At the time of the accident, weather conditions were marginal with storm activity, heavy rain showers, scattered at 2,200 feet and cumulonimbus at 1,500 feet.
Probable cause:
Weather in Kinshasa was bad at the time of the accident, ATC failed to inform the crew about the degradation of the weather conditions and the runway in use was not closed to traffic while the visibility was below the minima. Despite this situation, the crew took the decision to continue the approach procedure while the aircraft was unstable and the approach speed was too high (180 knots). It is reported that the following factors contributed to the accident:
- the crew ignored the published approach procedures,
- improper crew resources management during the execution of the flight,
- during the go around process, the crew encountered adverse weather conditions with vertical wind gusts, downdrafts and a 'magenta' effect. This caused the aircraft to adopt nose down attitude while it was in the final stage of the flight, preventing the pilot to take over the control,
- the pilot training program was inadequate and did not include a proportionate number of flight in the simulator,
- the authority for civil aviation of Georgia has probably approved a small training program for upgrading the captain to his position,
- lack of oversight of the operator by the Georgian Civil Aviation Authority.
In conclusion, investigators believe that the most probable cause of the accident is the fact that the plane encountered a very dangerous meteorological phenomena similar to a microburst, to a very low level during the overshoot process. The dangerous vertical downdraft and gust caused a sudden and remarkable change in the attitude of the aircraft and a substantial loss of altitude. Flying at very low altitude, recovery of such disturbance was not possible.
Final Report:

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 in Luxor: 5 killed

Date & Time: Feb 20, 2009 at 0418 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
S9-SVN
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kisangani-Entebbe-Louxor-Nikolaev
MSN:
6 3 443 10
YOM:
1966
Flight number:
LFT1015
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:

The aircraft crashed on take off from Luxor airport in unknown circumstances. All 5 crew members were killed.

Crash of a Learjet 35 in Kisangani

Date & Time: Jun 12, 2008 at 1245 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
D-CFAI
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani-Bukavu
MSN:
35-365
YOM:
1981
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On takeoff, crew decided to abort the procedure. The aircraft veered off runway, lost its undercarriage and came to rest. Both occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9 in Goma: 40 killed

Date & Time: Apr 15, 2008 at 1430 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CHN
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Goma-Kisangani
MSN:
860/47731
YOM:
1977
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
86
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
40
Circumstances:

While taking off from runway 18, apparently after an engine malfunction due to water ingestion, the aircraft came down in Birere quarter and burst into flames. 3 people on board were killed as 37 others on ground.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 in Goma: 8 killed

Date & Time: Sep 7, 2007 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
4L-SAS
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kisangani-Goma-Bukavu
MSN:
3 3 411 08
YOM:
1970
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
The aircraft was performing a cargo flight from Kisangani to Bukavu with an intermediate stop at Goma. It carried a crew of 5, 3 passengers and a cargo of 18 tons of palm oil. On landing, the aircraft did not decelerate as expected, overrun the runway and struck petrified lava. It then crashed and burned. All 8 occupants were killed.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 in Goma: 6 killed

Date & Time: Jul 7, 2006 at 1540 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CVT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Goma-Kisangani
MSN:
3 3 415 06
YOM:
1963
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Circumstances:

Few minutes after takeoff from Goma airport, crew informed ATC about engine problem and decided to return to Goma. The aircraft lost height, hit a tree and crashed 20 km from the airport. All six occupants were killed. A failure occurred on one engine and according to Antonov Design Bureau, the airworthiness certificate was expired on March 30, 2001.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 in Aru: 2 killed

Date & Time: Oct 4, 2005
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CWC
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani – Bunia
MSN:
2 40 09 01
YOM:
1962
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
96
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Kisangani on a flight to Bunia, carrying 96 soldiers and four crew members on behalf of the Congolese Army Forces. Upon landing at Aru Airstrip, the right main gear collapsed and the aircraft veered to the left and came to rest on the left side of the runway. Two soldiers were killed while walking into the still running propellers. Eleven people were injured.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26B near Kisangani: 10 killed

Date & Time: May 5, 2005 at 1330 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
EX-26060
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani – Isiro
MSN:
111 07
YOM:
1981
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
10
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Kisangani-Bangoka Airport at 1248LT on a cargo flight to Isiro, carrying seven passengers, four crew members and a load of soap. About half an hour into the flight, the crew informed ATC about technical problems and elected to return. While descending to Kisangani, the aircraft crashed in a wooded area located 28 km north of the airfield, bursting into flames. A passenger was seriously injured while 10 other occupants were killed.