Crash of an Antonov AN-72 near Okoto: 8 killed

Date & Time: Oct 10, 2019 at 1430 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
A-72903
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Goma - Kinshasa
MSN:
36572020385
YOM:
1987
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Goma Airport at 1532LT on a cargo flight to Kinshasa, carrying four crew members, four passengers and various goods for the Congolese Presidency. The last contact with the flight was 59 minutes after takeoff from Goma Airport then the airplane disappeared without any distress call from the crew. The wreckage was localised on October 14 near the village of Okoto, Kole region, in the west part of the Kasai-Oriental Province. The aircraft was destroyed and all eight occupants were killed, among them two bodyguards and one of the personal driver of the Congolese President Félix Tshisekedi who returned from Goma to Kinshasa the same day in another aircraft. The Congolese Presidency confirmed that Félix Tshisekedi spent four days in Goma and that his personal Jeep was on board the AN-72.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26B in Kinshasa: 7 killed

Date & Time: Dec 20, 2018 at 1000 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9S-AGB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Tshikapa – Kinshasa
MSN:
13402
YOM:
1984
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The crew was returning to Kinshasa after delivering election equipments and materials in Tshikapa on behalf of the Independent National Election Commission. The crew was cleared to descend to 5,000 feet on approach to runway 06 at Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport but encountered poor weather conditions with rain falls. In limited visibility, the airplane crashed on a hilly terrain located about 35 km west of the airport. The wreckage was found few hours later and all seven occupants were killed.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 near Kinshasa: 12 killed

Date & Time: Sep 30, 2017 at 0730 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EX-001
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kinshasa – Bukavu
MSN:
5343606
YOM:
1965
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport on a flight to Bukavu, carrying ammunition and two vehicles. Few minutes after takeoff, the crew reported technical problems and received the permission to return for an emergency landing. Shortly later, control was lost and the airplane crashed in flames in a prairie located in Nsele, about 20 km northeast of the airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 12 occupants were killed.
Information provided by the DRC Authorities are conflicting regarding the aircraft registration, the destination and the number of people on board.

Crash of a Grumman G-159 Gulfstream I in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Nov 2, 2015
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CNP
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
164
YOM:
1965
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
22
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew completed a belly landing at Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport due to technical problems with undercarriage. After touchdown on runway 24 at N'Djili, the aircraft skidded for several yards and eventually veered to the right before coming to rest in a grassy area. All 26 occupants were uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. According to local press reports, the left main gear was sheared off during takeoff at Kinshasa-Ndolo few minutes earlier, forcing the crew to divert to N'Djili Airport to attempt an emergency landing.

Crash of a Boeing 727-22 in Kisangani: 77 killed

Date & Time: Jul 8, 2011 at 1511 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-COP
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa - Kisangani - Goma
MSN:
18933/185
YOM:
1965
Flight number:
EO952
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
108
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
77
Captain / Total flying hours:
7000
Captain / Total hours on type:
5000.00
Aircraft flight hours:
52613
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Kinshasa, the crew started the descent to Kisangani-Bangoka Airport in poor weather conditions with low visibility due to heavy rain falls. On final approach, the pilot did not establish any visual contact with the runway but continued until the aircraft impacted ground some 1,000 metres short of runway 31. On impact, the aircraft went out of control, veered to the right, exploded and disintegrated in a wooded area located to the right of the approach path. The wreckage was found about 500 metres southeast from the runway 31 threshold. Five crew and 72 passengers were killed.
Probable cause:
In a preliminary report, DRC authorities pointed out the following factors:
- The flight crew misjudged weather conditions,
- The airline assigned unqualified/non-licensed crew to operate the Boeing 727-100 (the pilot's licence was not up to date),
- Tower controllers were not licensed (two ATC's did not have a proper licence and above legal age)
- Tower control staff was insufficient (six only for the complete roster),
- Tower controllers provided erroneous/false weather data to flying crew,
- The airport authority lacked security plans,
- Phonic records between tower control and crew were erased (destroyed) before the commission of inquiry can start any investigation.

Crash of a Canadair RegionalJet CRJ-100ER in Kinshasa: 32 killed

Date & Time: Apr 4, 2011 at 1356 LT
Operator:
Registration:
4L-GAE
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani – Kinshasa
MSN:
7070
YOM:
1995
Flight number:
UNO834
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
29
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
32
Captain / Total flying hours:
2811
Captain / Total hours on type:
1622.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
495
Copilot / Total hours on type:
344
Circumstances:
On final approach to Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, the crew encountered very poor weather conditions and decided to make a go around. After a climb process of 12 seconds, the aircraft nosed down and at a speed of 180 knots, hit the ground 170 meters to the left of the displaced threshold of runway 24. The aircraft slid for 400 meters before coming to rest in flames upside down. Three passengers were seriously injured and evacuated but of them died from their injuries few hours later. Finally, only one passenger survived the accident. Aircraft was performing a special flight from Kisangani to Kinshasa on behalf of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). The only survivor reported that the aircraft suddenly plunged into the earth while on final approach. At the time of the accident, weather conditions were marginal with storm activity, heavy rain showers, scattered at 2,200 feet and cumulonimbus at 1,500 feet.
Probable cause:
Weather in Kinshasa was bad at the time of the accident, ATC failed to inform the crew about the degradation of the weather conditions and the runway in use was not closed to traffic while the visibility was below the minima. Despite this situation, the crew took the decision to continue the approach procedure while the aircraft was unstable and the approach speed was too high (180 knots). It is reported that the following factors contributed to the accident:
- the crew ignored the published approach procedures,
- improper crew resources management during the execution of the flight,
- during the go around process, the crew encountered adverse weather conditions with vertical wind gusts, downdrafts and a 'magenta' effect. This caused the aircraft to adopt nose down attitude while it was in the final stage of the flight, preventing the pilot to take over the control,
- the pilot training program was inadequate and did not include a proportionate number of flight in the simulator,
- the authority for civil aviation of Georgia has probably approved a small training program for upgrading the captain to his position,
- lack of oversight of the operator by the Georgian Civil Aviation Authority.
In conclusion, investigators believe that the most probable cause of the accident is the fact that the plane encountered a very dangerous meteorological phenomena similar to a microburst, to a very low level during the overshoot process. The dangerous vertical downdraft and gust caused a sudden and remarkable change in the attitude of the aircraft and a substantial loss of altitude. Flying at very low altitude, recovery of such disturbance was not possible.
Final Report:

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Jun 21, 2010 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-COQ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa – Lubumbashi
MSN:
49178/1122
YOM:
1983
Flight number:
EO601
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
103
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll at Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, a tyre burst on the left main gear. After liftoff, while in initial climb, the crew was forced to shut down the left engine while the hydraulic system failed. The crew declared an emergency and was cleared for an immediate return. On approach, he was unable to lower the nose gear due to the malfunction of the hydraulic system. After touchdown on runway 06, the aircraft rolled for a distance of 1,000 metres then veered off runway to the right, slid on a grassy area and came to rest 500 metres further. All 110 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
A tyre burst on the left main gear during the takeoff procedure. Debris damaged hydraulic lines and were ingested in the left engine that should be shut down.

Crash of a Boeing 727-231F in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Jan 2, 2010
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CAA
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
21986/1580
YOM:
1980
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On final approach to Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with limited visibility due to heavy rain falls. After touchdown on runway 06, the aircraft passed through standing water when control was lost. It veered off runway to the right, lost its undercarriage and came to rest in a grassy area. All four occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 in Goma

Date & Time: Nov 19, 2009 at 1100 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CAB
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa - Goma
MSN:
49702/1479
YOM:
1988
Flight number:
E93711
Location:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
111
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing on runway 36 at Goma Airport, the aircraft failed to stop within the remaining distance. It overran and came to rest in a rocky lava field. At least 20 passengers were injured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. At the time of the accident, the runway was wet.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26B in Kinshasa: 49 killed

Date & Time: Oct 4, 2007 at 1040 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-COS
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Kinshasa – Tshikapa – Kananga
MSN:
8807
YOM:
1979
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
17
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
49
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, while climbing, the right engine failed. The aircraft stalled, hit tree tops and crashed onto several houses located in Kingasani neighbourhood. A crew member survived while 21 other occupants and at least 28 people on ground were killed. The Ministry of Transport was sacked after the accident due to inability to reform all aviation problem existing in DRC. The present accident is the worst occurring in DRC since 8 January 1996 when an Antonov AN-32 crashed also in Kinshasa, killing 237 people.
Probable cause:
Failure of the right engine during initial climb for unknown reasons.