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Kinshasa City Province

Crash of an Antonov AN-26B in Kinshasa: 7 killed

Date & Time: Dec 20, 2018 at 1000 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9S-AGB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Tshikapa – Kinshasa
MSN:
13402
YOM:
1984
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The crew was returning to Kinshasa after delivering election equipments and materials in Tshikapa on behalf of the Independent National Election Commission. The crew was cleared to descend to 5,000 feet on approach to runway 06 at Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport but encountered poor weather conditions with rain falls. In limited visibility, the airplane crashed on a hilly terrain located about 35 km west of the airport. The wreckage was found few hours later and all seven occupants were killed.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 near Kinshasa: 12 killed

Date & Time: Sep 30, 2017 at 0730 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EX-001
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kinshasa – Bukavu
MSN:
5343606
YOM:
1965
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport on a flight to Bukavu, carrying ammunition and two vehicles. Few minutes after takeoff, the crew reported technical problems and received the permission to return for an emergency landing. Shortly later, control was lost and the airplane crashed in flames in a prairie located in Nsele, about 20 km northeast of the airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 12 occupants were killed.
Information provided by the DRC Authorities are conflicting regarding the aircraft registration, the destination and the number of people on board.

Crash of a Grumman G-159 Gulfstream I in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Nov 2, 2015
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CNP
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
164
YOM:
1965
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
22
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew completed a belly landing at Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport due to technical problems with undercarriage. After touchdown on runway 24 at N'Djili, the aircraft skidded for several yards and eventually veered to the right before coming to rest in a grassy area. All 26 occupants were uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. According to local press reports, the left main gear was sheared off during takeoff at Kinshasa-Ndolo few minutes earlier, forcing the crew to divert to N'Djili Airport to attempt an emergency landing.

Crash of a Canadair RegionalJet CRJ100 in Kinshasa: 32 killed

Date & Time: Apr 4, 2011 at 1400 LT
Operator:
Registration:
4L-GAE
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kisangani – Kinshasa
MSN:
7070
YOM:
1995
Flight number:
UNO834
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
29
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
32
Captain / Total flying hours:
2811
Captain / Total hours on type:
1622.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
495
Copilot / Total hours on type:
344
Circumstances:
On final approach to Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, the crew encountered very poor weather conditions and decided to make a go around. After a climb process of 12 seconds, the aircraft nosed down and at a speed of 180 knots, hit the ground 170 meters to the left of the displaced threshold of runway 24. The aircraft slid for 400 meters before coming to rest in flames upside down. Three passengers were seriously injured and evacuated but of them died from their injuries few hours later. Finally, only one passenger survived the accident. Aircraft was performing a special flight from Kisangani to Kinshasa on behalf of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). The only survivor reported that the aircraft suddenly plunged into the earth while on final approach. At the time of the accident, weather conditions were marginal with storm activity, heavy rain showers, scattered at 2,200 feet and cumulonimbus at 1,500 feet.
Probable cause:
Weather in Kinshasa was bad at the time of the accident, ATC failed to inform the crew about the degradation of the weather conditions and the runway in use was not closed to traffic while the visibility was below the minima. Despite this situation, the crew took the decision to continue the approach procedure while the aircraft was unstable and the approach speed was too high (180 knots). It is reported that the following factors contributed to the accident:
- the crew ignored the published approach procedures,
- improper crew resources management during the execution of the flight,
- during the go around process, the crew encountered adverse weather conditions with vertical wind gusts, downdrafts and a 'magenta' effect. This caused the aircraft to adopt nose down attitude while it was in the final stage of the flight, preventing the pilot to take over the control,
- the pilot training program was inadequate and did not include a proportionate number of flight in the simulator,
- the authority for civil aviation of Georgia has probably approved a small training program for upgrading the captain to his position,
- lack of oversight of the operator by the Georgian Civil Aviation Authority.
In conclusion, investigators believe that the most probable cause of the accident is the fact that the plane encountered a very dangerous meteorological phenomena similar to a microburst, to a very low level during the overshoot process. The dangerous vertical downdraft and gust caused a sudden and remarkable change in the attitude of the aircraft and a substantial loss of altitude. Flying at very low altitude, recovery of such disturbance was not possible.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 727-200 in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Jan 2, 2010 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CAA
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
21986/1580
YOM:
1980
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:

The aircraft was performing a cargo flight. After landing in heavy rain falls, it veered off runway 06 and came to rest in an open field. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair while all occupants escaped uninjured.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26B in Kinshasa: 49 killed

Date & Time: Oct 4, 2007 at 1040 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-COS
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Kinshasa – Tshikapa – Kananga
MSN:
8807
YOM:
1979
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
17
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
49
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport, while climbing, the right engine failed. The aircraft stalled, hit tree tops and crashed onto several houses located in Kingasani neighbourhood. A crew member survived while 21 other occupants and at least 28 people on ground were killed. The Ministry of Transport was sacked after the accident due to inability to reform all aviation problem existing in DRC. The present accident is the worst occurring in DRC since 8 January 1996 when an Antonov AN-32 crashed also in Kinshasa, killing 237 people.
Probable cause:
Failure of the right engine during initial climb for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Lockheed C-130H Hercules in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Apr 14, 2006 at 1445 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9T-TCB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa - Kinshasa
MSN:
4416
YOM:
1971
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a test flight on this aircraft that was parked for 10 years at Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport. On landing, the left main gear collapsed and the aircraft came to rest. All seven occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. The General Kikunda Ombala was PIC at the time of the accident.

Crash of a Beechcraft 1900C-1 in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Apr 29, 2003 at 1930 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TR-LFQ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Brazzaville - Kinshasa
MSN:
UC-80
YOM:
1989
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
13
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Brazzaville on a charter flight to Kinshasa, carrying 13 passengers (all Air France crew members) and two pilots. On approach to Kinshasa, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity, heavy rain falls and strong crosswinds. After touchdown, the aircraft became unstable, deviated to the left and veered off runway. While contacting soft ground, the aircraft lost its undercarriage and slid for few dozen metres before coming to rest beside the runway. All 15 occupants escaped uninjured but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the aircraft became unstable at touchdown due to strong crosswinds. A inappropriate reaction on part of the pilot-in-command, an overcorrection or a wrong configuration may have been a contributing factor.

Crash of a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar 250 in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Aug 8, 2002
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CHA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa - Brussels
MSN:
193C-1227
YOM:
1982
Region:
Crew on board:
12
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
188
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
71317
Aircraft flight cycles:
21669
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Kinshasa-N'Djili Airport on a regular schedule flight to Brussels with 188 passengers and 12 crew members on board. While cruising at an altitude of 25,000 feet over Gabon, the crew contacted ATC and reported the failure of the engine n°3. He was cleared to return to Kinshasa for an emergency landing. Upon touchdown, all tyres burst and the aircraft skidded on the runway before coming to rest. All 200 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26 in Kinshasa

Date & Time: Jul 26, 2002
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9Q-CMC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kinshasa - Tshikapa
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll at Kinshasa-N'DJili Airport, the captain realized he could not make it so he decided to reject takeoff. While initiating an emergency braking procedure, the nose gear collapsed, followed shortly later by both main landing gears. The aircraft slid on its belly and came to rest on the runway. All 21 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the total weight of the aircraft was above MTOW.