Crash of a Beechcraft B90 King Air in Punta del Este: 10 killed

Date & Time: Mar 19, 2015 at 2037 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
LV-CEO
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Punta del Este - Buenos Aires
MSN:
LJ-454
YOM:
1970
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
10
Circumstances:
The aircraft was on its way back to San Fernando Airport, in the suburb of Buenos Aires, with a crew of two and eight businessman on board, seven Argentinians an one Portuguese citizen. Shortly after take off from runway 01, while in initial climb, the twin engine aircraft stalled and crashed in flames in the Laguna del Sauce, few km away from the airfield. The aircraft was destroyed by a post crash fire and all ten occupants were killed.
Photo: http://rosarioaviones.blogspot.ch/

Crash of a Beechcraft Super King Air B200 in the Rio de la Plata: 5 killed

Date & Time: May 27, 2014 at 1245 LT
Operator:
Registration:
LV-CNT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
San Fernando - Carmelo
MSN:
BB-1367
YOM:
1990
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
Owned by the Argentinian Company Kowzef SA, the twin engine aircraft left San Fernando at 1220LT bound for Carmelo. On approach to Carmelo, pilot informed ATC he was encountering engine problems. Aircraft lost altitude and crashed in the Rio de la Plata, some 10 km south of the airport of Carmelo-Zagarzazú. First rescuers arrived on the scene some ten minutes later and four passengers were rescued and evacuated while all five other occupants, among them the pilot, were killed.

Crash of a Swearingen SA227AC Metro III off Montevideo: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jun 6, 2012 at 1955 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CX-LAS
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Montevideo - Buenos Aires
MSN:
AC-482
YOM:
1982
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Captain / Total flying hours:
16177
Copilot / Total flying hours:
406
Circumstances:
Crew was performing a cargo flight from Montevideo to Buenos Aires on behalf of DHL. Aircraft left runway 24 at Montevideo-Carrasco Airport at 1945LT and crew was cleared to climb to FL080. While reaching a height of 4,500 feet, aircraft went out of control and dove into the sea off Flores Island, in the Rio de la Plata. Some debris were found a day later but the wreckage was localized two weeks later one NM south of Flores Island. The CVR was found on 02AUG2012 but was inexploitable as the content was concerning the last thirty minutes of the precedent flight. On 11FEB2013, fishermen found the cargo door in their fishnet.
Probable cause:
In a preliminary report, Uruguayan Authorities confirmed the aircraft dove into the sea and impacted the water at an angle of forty degrees nose down and at a speed of 570 knots (1,055 km/h), which caused the total disintegration of the aircraft. No trace of the cargo nor the crew was ever found. Investigations revealed that both engines were running normally at impact, that no propeller blades were lost during descent, that fuel was not contaminated and that no problems occurred on the on board electrical system. Meteorological Office confirmed that severe icing conditions prevailed at the time of the accident from a height of 1,000 feet to FL150.

Crash of a Fokker F27 in Melo

Date & Time: Apr 27, 2004 at 0415 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N715FE
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Buenos Aires – Porto Alegre – Sao Paulo-Viracopos
MSN:
10468
YOM:
1971
Flight number:
FDX7145
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On a night cargo flight to Viracopos, crew informed ATC that a fire developed on board. The crew diverted to Melo airport where the fire rescue services could extinguish the fire. But the cargo plane sustained substanbtial damage to the cabin and tail. The origin of fire is unknown.

Crash of a Piper PA-42 Cheyenne III in Treinta y Tres

Date & Time: Mar 20, 1998 at 1315 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CX-ROU
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Treinta y Tres - Montevideo
MSN:
42-8001074
YOM:
1982
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll, at a speed of 90 knots, the captain decided to abort. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the aircraft overran and came to rest 270 metres further against an earth mound. All six occupants escaped with minor injuries and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. The grassy runway used by the crew is 1,008 metres long and the last portion of 300 metres was waterlogged.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-32 near Nuevo Berlin: 74 killed

Date & Time: Oct 10, 1997 at 2210 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
LV-WEG
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Posadas - Buenos Aires
MSN:
47446
YOM:
1969
Flight number:
AU2553
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
69
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
74
Captain / Total flying hours:
9238
Captain / Total hours on type:
177.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2910
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1384
Aircraft flight hours:
56854
Aircraft flight cycles:
54800
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Posadas-Libertador General José de San Martín Airport at 2118LT on a regular scheduled flight to Buenos Aires, carrying 69 passengers and five crew members. While cruising at an altitude of 35,000 feet, weather conditions deteriorated with cumulonimbus reported till 49,000 feet, stormy weather, icing conditions and severe turbulences with winds up to 80 km/h and an OAT of -59° C. The crew modified his route and entered the Montevideo FIR without contacting Montevideo ATC. At 2204LT, the aircraft entered an area with severe icing conditions and three minutes later, the copilot (pilot-in-command) initiated a descent without prior permission. Meanwhile, the captain contacted Ezeiza Control, requesting permission to descend. Ezeiza Control radioed that the flight was over Uruguay territory and that they needed to contact Montevideo Control for permission. At 2209:17, Montevideo ATC cleared the crew to descend to FL257, an altitude reached at 2210:25. During the descent the first officer complained that his airspeed indicator did not seem to be working correctly. Descending through FL300, the first officer extended the slats. The pilots were trained to extend slats when recovering from approach to stall situations at 10,000 - 12,000 feet. However, the actual airspeed at the time of extension was higher than permitted. This exceeded the design limit, causing an asymmetry. The aircraft entered an uncontrolled descent and crashed in a near vertical attitude in an open field located about 21 km east of Nuevo Berlin. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 74 occupants were killed. At the point of impact, a cratere of 10 metres deep by 30 metres wide was found. The accident was not survivable. It was reported that that the airspeed suddenly increased from 200 knots to 450 knots in four seconds, probably after the Pitot tubes got iced.
Probable cause:
The immediate cause of the accident was likely that at an altitude of 30,000 feet, the first officer, who was the pilot-in-command, found himself in flight conditions which induced him to extend the slats. This manoeuvre was completed at a speed much higher than the limit of the structural design of the slats, and their extension caused an asymmetry and a subsequent loss of control from which a recovery was not possible. The copilot's interpretation as to the need to extend the slats would have been a result of erroneous indications of low speed (IAS), caused by blockage of the Pitot tubes which resulted from icing conditions while cruising in clouds with an extreme OAT of -59° C. It was not possible to determine if the obstruction was caused by the crew by not activating the heating system via the selector switch, or failure of that system.
The following contributing factors were identified:
a) No indication of Mach number on the speed indicators installed in the accident aircraft within its flight envelope, with air speeds below 250 KIAS.
b) Lack of crew training in flight instrument failures and upset recovery.
c) Lack of crew training in the recovery of approach to stall in the DC-9 aircraft in "clean configuration" in accordance with the procedures specified in the FCOM, section 5, 10-0-0, code 30.
d) Lack of instruction and pilot training in crew resource management (CRM).
e) Absence of a warning light Pitot/Stall-Heater OFF on the annunciator panel.
f) Deficiency in operational procedures.
Final Report:

Crash of an Embraer EMB-110C Bandeirante near Montevideo

Date & Time: Feb 25, 1991
Operator:
Registration:
T-581
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
110-079
YOM:
1975
Country:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
While descending to Montevideo-Carrasco Airport, both engines failed simultaneously. The crew completed an emergency landing in an open field located 11 km from the airport. All occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. The aircraft had the dual registration CX-BJK (civil) and T-581 (military).
Probable cause:
Double engine failure on approach due to fuel exhaustion.

Crash of a Piper PA-31-325 Navajo C/R in Montevideo: 2 killed

Date & Time: Aug 19, 1980
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
CX-BMT
Survivors:
No
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
On approach to Montevideo-Carrasco Airport, the pilot passed out. The pilot elected to take control of the aircraft that lost height and crashed. Both occupants were killed. The passenger was not familiar with piloting techniques.

Crash of a Canadair CL-44-6 in Montevideo

Date & Time: Oct 10, 1979
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
CX-BKD
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
8
YOM:
1960
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On approach to Montevideo-Carrasco Airport, the crew encountered technical difficulties with the right main gear that would not deploy. The gear was recycled manually and all three green lights came on in the cockpit, indicating that all three landing gears were down and locked. Upon touchdown, the right main gear collapsed, causing the right wing to struck the runway surface. Out of control, the airplane veered off runway to the right and came to rest in a grassy area. All six occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The cause of the landing gear collapse could not be determined.

Crash of a Douglas C-47A-75-DL in Artigas: 44 killed

Date & Time: Feb 10, 1978 at 1120 LT
Operator:
Registration:
T-511
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Artigas - Montevideo
MSN:
19301
YOM:
1943
Flight number:
Uruguay 511
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
40
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
44
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Artigas, while on a flight to Montevideo with 40 civilian passengers on board, the pilot contacted ATC and reported engine problems. He was cleared to complete a turn to join the approach path when the airplane stalled and crashed in flames. All 44 occupants were killed. The exact cause of the engine problem remains unknown. The airplane had dual military (T-511) and civil (CX-BJH) registrations.