Crash of a BAc 111-204AF in Port Harcourt

Date & Time: Sep 16, 1991
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-KBG
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
082
YOM:
1965
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
60
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
48522
Aircraft flight cycles:
70457
Circumstances:
Belly landed at Port Harcourt Airport and slid on runway for few dozen metres before coming to rest. All 66 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. An unconfirmed report suggests that the aircraft bounced on landing. The captain then took over control of the copilot who was PIC. The flight engineer assumed the captain was initiating a go-around procedure and raised the landing gear.

Crash of a Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B in Lagos

Date & Time: Apr 1, 1990 at 1155 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
5N-ATL
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lagos - Port Harcourt
MSN:
534
YOM:
1967
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
45
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
20925
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll on runway 19L, at a speed of about 100 knots, the aircraft deviated from the centerline to the right. The pilot-in-command corrected with rudder but finally, the aircraft struck the right shoulder of the runway then veered off runway. It rolled in a grassy area and came to rest few dozen meters further. All 52 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair due to structural damages to the fuselage.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the right engine was not running properly during the takeoff roll, creating an asymmetric thrust and the aircraft to deviate from the centerline to the right. Investigations reported that the aircraft was subject to maintenance the days prior to the accident and modification were made to the fuel pump but nothing was entered in the airplane logbook. It was determined that the fuel pump overspeed governor had been set too low and a low power output at high TGT.

Crash of a BAc 111-320AZ in Port Harcourt

Date & Time: Sep 7, 1989 at 1905 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-AOT
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lagos - Port Harcourt
MSN:
133
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
OKJ307
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
88
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
42575
Circumstances:
Okada Air Flight OKJ307 originated from Lagos (LOS), at about 17:10 hours UTC en-route to Port-Harcourt (PHC). By 17:40 hours, at FL250, the crew established contact with Port Harcourt Tower and was cleared to the "PR" Radio Beacon. The 1700 hours weather report was passed onto the crew with the assurance not to expect any delay for an ILS approach to runway 21. At 75 nm from Port Harcourt, the aircraft was cleared down to FL90 and the crew reviewed their approach briefings. The First Officer was still flying when the airplane was further cleared to 2000 feet with the instructions to report when established on the localizer. At 700 feet, the Commander had the field-in-sight but the flying pilot had not. Then the Commander took over control from the First Officer. The captain requested the tower to increase approach lights intensity because of drizzling rain. The BAC 111 passed an area of heavy downpour. It entered a high sink rate and made a hard landing. The airplane bounced and made the second touchdown on its nose-wheel. The right nose wheel shattered instantaneously while the second nose wheel fractured at the hub. It rolled for about 90 metres and crumbled under the weight of the aircraft. When both wheels of the nose gear had broken away, the wheel axle made contact with runway to cut grooves onto the runway surface for about 25 metres before the nose strut finally gave way. The aircraft now scooped forward on the nose fuselage section and continued off the runway on to the left shoulder. On the shoulder, the aircraft ran into the wide trench which was covered up with loose soil and the impact severed off the right main gear from the attachment point. The aircraft eventually came to a stop 735 meters after touchdown.
Probable cause:
The probable cause of this accident is the poor handling of the controls at the critical movement of final approach and landing phases, probably due to the sudden loss of azimuth in the heavy downpour of rain. The contributory factor to the accident is the excavation and improper refilling of the outrageous trenches of wide dimensions along the length of runway 03/21.

Crash of a Boeing 737-2F9 in Port Harcourt

Date & Time: Oct 15, 1988
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-ANW
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jos – Port Harcourt
MSN:
22771
YOM:
1982
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
124
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The approach to Port Harcourt Airport was completed in heavy rain falls. After touchdown, the airplane encountered difficulties to stop within the remaining distance and overran. While contacting soft ground, the nose and right main gear collapsed and the aircraft came to rest. 36 occupants were injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Cessna 402 in Nigeria: 1 killed

Date & Time: Aug 6, 1976
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CS-AHP
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Jos - Port Harcourt
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances while completing a flight from Jos to Port Harcourt. The pilot, sole on board, was killed.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Fellowship 1000 in Port Harcourt

Date & Time: Sep 19, 1972
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PH-FPT
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
11994
YOM:
1970
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
1529
Aircraft flight cycles:
1869
Circumstances:
After touchdown at Port Harcourt Airport, the airplane was unable to stop within the remaining distance. It overran, lost its undercarriage and came to rest few dozen meters further. There were no casualties but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Douglas C-54B-1-DC Skymaster in Port Harcourt: 58 killed

Date & Time: Sep 28, 1968
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N90427
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Lagos - Port Harcourt
MSN:
10445
YOM:
1944
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
53
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
58
Circumstances:
The four engine aircraft was performing a charter flight from Lagos to Port Harcourt, carrying 53 passengers, a crew of four and a load of ammunitions. The approach to Port Harcourt Airport was initiated by night and despite the fact that the pilot had the runway in sight, he failed to realize his altitude was too low when the left wing struck two trees. The airplane stalled and crashed in flames onto houses located few km short of runway. None of 57 occupants survived the crash and one person on the ground was also killed. Following the accident, huge explosions occurred as the aircraft was carrying a load of ammunitions.

Crash of a Lockheed L-1049G-82-151 Super Constellation in Port Harcourt: 5 killed

Date & Time: Jan 21, 1968
Registration:
5T-TAC
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
MSN:
4645
YOM:
1956
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
On final approach to Port Harcourt Airport, the four engine aircraft crashed in unknown circumstances few hundred yards short of runway threshold. All five occupants were killed. They were completing a cargo mission on behalf of the Government of Biafra.

Crash of a Canadair C-4M2 North Star near Garoua

Date & Time: Oct 11, 1966
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-ACOA
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rotterdam – Palma – Tamanrasset – Fort Lamy – Port Harcourt
MSN:
137
YOM:
1948
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was supposed to make a cargo flight from Rotterdam to Port Harcourt with intermediate stop at Palma de Majorca, Tamanrasset and Fort Lamy, carrying a load of 3,600 machine guns for the Biafra Government. As the official documentation could not be obtained via the Dutch Authorities for exportation to Africa, the crew flew from Rotterdam to Birmingham, UK before continuing to Spain. While in cruising altitude over Cameroun, the crew lost his orientation and was unable to locate his position with certainty. Due to fuel exhaustion, all four engines stopped and the captain decided to attempt an emergency landing. A belly landing was completed in a prairie and while contacting ground, the airplane broke into four pieces before coming to rest. All four crew members were rescued. It was reported the crew failed to obtain the appropriate charts to fly over West Africa.
Probable cause:
Emergency landing caused by fuel exhaustion.

Crash of a De Havilland DH.104 Dove 1 in Port Harcourt

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1958
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
VR-NAY
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
04096
YOM:
1947
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed on landing at Port Harcourt for unknow reason. There were no casualties but the aircraft was written off.