Crash of an Airbus A320 in New York

Date & Time: Jan 15, 2009 at 1531 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N106US
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
New York - Charlotte
MSN:
1044
YOM:
1999
Flight number:
US1549
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
150
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
19663
Captain / Total hours on type:
4765.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
15643
Copilot / Total hours on type:
37
Aircraft flight hours:
25241
Aircraft flight cycles:
16299
Circumstances:
Aircraft experienced an almost complete loss of thrust in both engines after encountering a flock of birds and was subsequently ditched on the Hudson River about 8.5 miles from La Guardia Airport (LGA), New York City, New York. The flight was en route to Charlotte Douglas International Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, and had departed LGA about 2 minutes before the in-flight event occurred. The 150 passengers, including a lap held child, and 5 crew members evacuated the airplane via the forward and overwing exits. One flight attendant and four passengers were seriously injured, and the airplane was substantially damaged.
Probable cause:
The ingestion of large birds into each engine, which resulted in an almost total loss of thrust in both engines and the subsequent ditching on the Hudson River. Contributing to the fuselage damage and resulting unavailability of the aft slide/rafts were:
-the Federal Aviation Administration’s approval of ditching certification without determining whether pilots could attain the ditching parameters without engine thrust,
-the lack of industry flight crew training and guidance on ditching techniques,
-the captain’s resulting difficulty maintaining his intended airspeed on final approach due to the task saturation resulting from the emergency situation.
Contributing to the survivability of the accident was:
-the decision-making of the flight crew members and their crew resource management during the accident sequence,
-the fortuitous use of an airplane that was equipped for an extended overwater flight, including the availability of the forward slide/rafts, even though it was not required to be so equipped
-the performance of the cabin crew members while expediting the evacuation of the airplane,
-the proximity of the emergency responders to the accident site and their immediate and appropriate response to the accident.
Final Report:

Crash of a Britten-Norman Trislander off Turks and Caicos Islands: 12 killed

Date & Time: Dec 15, 2008 at 1645 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N650LP
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Santiago de los Caballeros - Abraham's Bay - New York
MSN:
1029
YOM:
1976
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
The aircraft was making a charter flight from Santiago to New York with an intermediate stop at Abraham's Bay, Mayaguana Island (Bahamas). The flight departed Santiago-Cibao Airport, Dominican Republic, at 1605LT. Thirty-five minutes later, while cruising off Turks & Caicos Islands, the pilot sent a brief mayday message and the aircraft crashed 16 miles off shore. SAR teams and US Cost Guards did not find any trace of the aircraft and all 12 occupants were considered as deceased.

Crash of a Pilatus PC-12 in Santa Fe: 1 killed

Date & Time: Sep 29, 2008 at 2216 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N606SL
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
New York - Lubbock - Santa Fe
MSN:
1020
YOM:
2008
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
2437
Captain / Total hours on type:
86.00
Aircraft flight hours:
130
Circumstances:
The pilot was approaching his home airport under dark night conditions. He reported that he was five miles from the airport and adjusted the airport lighting several times. He made no further radio calls, though his normal practice was to report his position several times as he proceeded in the landing pattern. The airplane approached the airport from the southeast in a descent, continued past the airport, and adjusted its course slightly to the left. One witness reported observing the airplane enter a left turn, then pitch down, and descend at a steep angle. The airplane impacted terrain in a steep left bank and cart wheeled. An examination of the airframe, airplane systems, and engine revealed no pre-impact anomalies. Flight control continuity was confirmed. The pilot had flown eight hours and 30 minutes on the day of the accident, crossing two time zones, and had been awake for no less than 17 hours when the accident occurred. The accident occurred at a time of day after midnight in the pilot's departure time zone. Post-accident toxicology testing revealed doxylamine and amphetamine in the pilot's tissues. The pilot had been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) almost five years prior to the accident and had taken prescription amphetamines for the disorder since that diagnosis. The FAA does not medically certify pilots who require medication for the control of ADHD. At the time of the accident, the pilot's blood level of amphetamines may have been falling, and he may have been increasingly fatigued and distracted. The use of doxylamine (an over-the-counter antihistamine, often used as a sleep aid) could suggest that the pilot was having difficulty sleeping.
Probable cause:
The pilot's incapacitation due to fatigue resulting in an in-flight collision with terrain.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 747-200 in Brussels

Date & Time: May 25, 2008 at 1331 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N704CK
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
New York-Bruxelles-Bahreïn
MSN:
22299/462
YOM:
1980
Flight number:
CKS207
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During take off roll, the crew decided to abandon the procedure for unknown reasons. The aircraft overrun the runway and broke in two pieces. All 5 occupants escaped uninjured.

Crash of a Grumman G-21A Goose in New York

Date & Time: Feb 15, 2005 at 0942 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N327
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Penn Yan-Penn Yan
MSN:
1051
YOM:
1939
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
17573
Captain / Total hours on type:
46.00
Aircraft flight hours:
8825
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a training flight. After takeoff from runway 19, while flying at 600 feet, the instructor reduced power on right engine. The aircraft lost altitude and crashed in flames. Both occupants were injured and the aircraft was destroyed by post impact fire.

Crash of a Cessna 414 Chancellor in New York

Date & Time: May 26, 2003 at 1428 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N1234
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Orlando-White Plains
MSN:
414-0525
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
1250
Aircraft flight hours:
4259
Circumstances:

While descending to White Plains, the twin engine aircraft crashed in the Long Island Sound, 6 NM north of Port Jefferson. The pilot, sole on board, was not injured but the aircraft was destroyed. Both engine stopped during the descent due to fuel exhaustion.

Crash of a Beechcraft Super King Air 200 in Massachusetts: 6 killed

Date & Time: Apr 4, 2003 at 0935 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N257CG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
New York-La Guardia-Leominster
MSN:
BB-1739
YOM:
2000
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Captain / Total flying hours:
6100
Captain / Total hours on type:
1334.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
750
Aircraft flight hours:
359
Circumstances:
Approaching runway 14, the crew made a left turn when the aircraft stalled and crashed in a building located short of runway. NTSB said the stall should be the consequence of a too low speed on approach.

Crash of an Airbus A319 in New York

Date & Time: Jan 19, 2003 at 0715 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N313NB
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
New York-New York
MSN:
1186
YOM:
2000
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Two engineers from the operator should ferry the aircraft from maintenance hangar to gate 10. On arrival, engine N1 & N2 speeds were increased to 71 & 85% respectively and the aircraft hit a jetway. Nose gear was sheared off and left wing struck a Boeing 757 registered N550NW. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Airbus A300-600 in New York: 265 killed

Date & Time: Nov 12, 2001 at 0916 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N14053
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
New York - Santo Domingo
MSN:
420
YOM:
1988
Flight number:
AA587
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
251
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
262
Captain / Total flying hours:
8050
Captain / Total hours on type:
1723.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4403
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1835
Aircraft flight hours:
37550
Aircraft flight cycles:
14934

Crash of a Boeing 757 in Harrisburg: 45 killed

Date & Time: Sep 11, 2001 at 1030 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N591UA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
New York-San Francisco
MSN:
28142
YOM:
1996
Flight number:
UA093
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
38
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
45
Aircraft flight hours:
18435
Aircraft flight cycles:
6968