Crash of a Beechcraft 200 Super King Air in Nairobi

Date & Time: Mar 26, 2021
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-NJS
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
BB-837
YOM:
1981
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
In unclear circumstances, the aircraft struck obstacles. The left wing was partially torn off and the aircraft crashed in a wooded area located along the Ngong race and golf course located about 7 km west of Nairobi-Wilson Airport. There were no casualties.

Crash of a Fokker 50 in Nairobi

Date & Time: Oct 11, 2019 at 0900 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-IZO
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nairobi - Mombasa - Lamu
MSN:
20244
YOM:
1992
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
50
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The airplane crashed while taking off from Nairobi-Wilson Airport on a schedule service to Mombasa and Lamu. During the takeoff roll from runway 14, the airplane failed to liftoff, overan and rolled for about 250 meters when it struck a perimeter fence and eventually came to rest against trees located about 50 meters further. All 55 occupants were evacuated, among them two passengers were injured.

Crash of a Let L-410UVP-E3 near Mwingi: 2 killed

Date & Time: May 23, 2004 at 0730 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-VVD
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Nairobi - Mogadishu
MSN:
87 20 09
YOM:
1987
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Nairobi-Wilson Airport on a cargo flight to Mogadishu, carrying two pilots and a load of 1,500 kilos of khat. About an hour into the flight, while in cruising altitude, the aircraft collided with a second Let L-410UVP also operated by Bluebird Aviation and registered 5Y-VVA. While the crew of 5Y-VVA was able to complete an emergency landing and the aircraft suffered small damages, 5Y-VVD entered an uncontrolled descent and crashed 30 km south of Mwingi, killing both pilots.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Fellowship 4000 in Lokichoggio

Date & Time: Dec 7, 2003 at 1337 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-NNN
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nairobi – Lokichogio
MSN:
11231
YOM:
1986
Flight number:
HSA812
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
23
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After touchdown at Lokichogio Airport, the crew started the braking procedure when the tyre n°1 on the nose gear burst. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the airplane overran, collided with a fence and came to rest in a ditch with its nose gear torn off. All 27 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Swearingen SA226TC Metro II on Point Lenana: 14 killed

Date & Time: Jul 19, 2003 at 1800 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
ZS-OYI
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Nairobi – Samburu
MSN:
TC-349
YOM:
1980
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
12
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
14
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Nairobi-Wilson Airport at 1558LT on a charter flight to Samburu, carrying 12 passengers (all US citizens) and two pilots. En route, the crew decided to make a tour over the Mt Kenya before continuing to Samburu. While cruising at an altitude of 16,500 feet in clouds, the aircraft struck the eastern slope of Mt Point Lenana (third highest peak of Mt Kenya). The wreckage was found 450 feet below the summit and all 14 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain after the crew failed to maintain horizontal and vertical situational awareness of the aircraft’s proximity to the surrounding terrain.
The following contributing factors were identified:
- Unfamiliarity with the airspace and the route in particular and the existence of high ground on the planned flight route,
- Inadequate flight planning by the pilots and distraction of their attention when they were instructed to contact Nanyuki,
- Poor pilot briefing by the Wilson ATC briefing office,
- Poor communication between the air traffic control units,
- Failure of the radar controller to advise the pilot of termination of radar service,
- Lack of a radar system minimum safe altitude warning to the radar controller,
- Poor civil military coordination during transit through the military airspace.

Crash of a Cessna 208 Caravan I in Nairobi

Date & Time: Jul 12, 2000
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-JAO
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
208-0202
YOM:
1991
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
At liftoff, the engine failed. The aircraft stalled and crashed along the runway. There were no casualties but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Engine failure at takeoff for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Grumman G-159 Gulfstream GI in Mogadishu

Date & Time: Feb 19, 1998 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-BMR
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nairobi - Mogadishu
MSN:
081
YOM:
1961
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
20
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing at Mogadishu Airport, the propeller on the right engine went into fine pitch. The crew lost control of the airplane that veered off runway to the right. While contacting soft ground, the aircraft lost its undercarriage and its tail before coming to rest, broken in two. All 23 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain on Mt Kilimandjaro: 1 killed

Date & Time: Nov 1, 1997 at 1020 LT
Operator:
Registration:
5H-AZM
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Nairobi - Zanzibar
MSN:
31-8052207
YOM:
1980
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
10000
Circumstances:
On 1 November 1997 at 09:46 hours 5H-AZM took off from Nairobi Wilson airport, for a visual flight rules flight to Zanzibar International Airport, Tanzania. It was carrying one pilot and some cargo. There were no passengers. The flight plan indicated that the aircraft had 0330 hours of fuel on departure. The pilot planned' to fly a direct route to Zanzibar with Dar-es-salaam International airport as his alternate aerodrome. After take off from Nairobi Wilson, the flight transited the southern axis lane of the Nairobi control Zone to the zone boundary. The pilot checked the Nairobi zone boundary with Nairobi Wilson Tower and was instructed by air traffic control to contact the Nairobi Control Centre. No contact was reported established by Nairobi Control with 5H-AZM. 5H-AZM contacted the Kilimanjaro Control Tower at 10:20 hours and passed his own ward estimates as Flight Information Region 10:25 hours and arrival at Zanzibar at 11:40 hours. 5H-AZM was advised that there was no reported traffic for the flight in the Kilimanjaro Terminal Control area at 'the VFR flight level 115, and at the same time instructed the aircraft to contact Dar-es-salaam Control on 119.6 MHz when in range. No further transmission was received from the aircraft. It also failed to arrive in Zanzibar. Unfruitful formal searches (involving communications, aerial and ground searches) were mounted on 3 November 1997 along the probable route area in Kenya and Tanzania. The formal search was terminated on 4 December 1997 and there after the missing aircraft incident was considered to be an 'accident. Wreckage was eventually located in the Kibo Crater near the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania on 28 August 2003, almost six years later. The wreckage of the Piper PA 31-350 was found at 15,400 feet on the Kibo wing. It was also 30 nautical miles west of its projected track. The aircraft had earlier been cleared to climb from 9,500 feet to 11,500 feet under visual flight rules.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Piper PA-31-310 Navajo Chieftain near Ngong: 8 killed

Date & Time: Nov 13, 1996 at 1430 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
5Y-ALA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Nairobi - Mwanza
MSN:
31-541
YOM:
1969
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
En route from Nairobi to Mwanza, the pilot informed ATC about an engine failure and elected to return to Nairobi-Wilson Airport. Twenty minutes after takeoff, the aircraft went out of control and crashed in the Ngong Hills, near Ngong. All eight occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Engine failure in flight for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Cessna F406 Caravan II in Nairobi

Date & Time: Jun 12, 1995
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
5Y-ING
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
406-0024
YOM:
1988
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances at Nairobi-Wilson Airport. There were no casualties.