Country
code

Central

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Mt Aberdare: 10 killed

Date & Time: Jun 5, 2018 at 1702 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-CAC
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Kitale – Nairobi
MSN:
208B-0525
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
10
Circumstances:
On the way from Kitale to Jomo Kenyatta Airport in Nairobi, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with limited visibility. While cruising at an altitude of 11,000 feet, the single engine airplane struck the slope of a mountain located in the Aberdare Mountain Range, about 75 km north of Nairobi. The wreckage was found in the morning of June 7. The airplane disintegrated on impact and all 10 occupants have been killed.

Crash of a Swearingen SA226TC Metro II on Point Lenana: 14 killed

Date & Time: Jul 19, 2003 at 1800 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
ZS-OYI
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Nairobi – Samburu
MSN:
TC-349
YOM:
1980
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
12
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
14
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Nairobi-Wilson Airport at 1558LT on a charter flight to Samburu, carrying 12 passengers (all US citizens) and two pilots. En route, the crew decided to make a tour over the Mt Kenya before continuing to Samburu. While cruising at an altitude of 16,500 feet in clouds, the aircraft struck the eastern slope of Mt Point Lenana (third highest peak of Mt Kenya). The wreckage was found 450 feet below the summit and all 14 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain after the crew failed to maintain horizontal and vertical situational awareness of the aircraft’s proximity to the surrounding terrain.
The following contributing factors were identified:
- Unfamiliarity with the airspace and the route in particular and the existence of high ground on the planned flight route,
- Inadequate flight planning by the pilots and distraction of their attention when they were instructed to contact Nanyuki,
- Poor pilot briefing by the Wilson ATC briefing office,
- Poor communication between the air traffic control units,
- Failure of the radar controller to advise the pilot of termination of radar service,
- Lack of a radar system minimum safe altitude warning to the radar controller,
- Poor civil military coordination during transit through the military airspace.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-5 Buffalo near Mugumo

Date & Time: Jul 25, 2002
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft was engaged in a training mission when the crew encountered engine problems. The aircraft crash landed near Mugumo and was damaged beyond repair. All seven occupants escaped uninjured.
Probable cause:
Engine failure for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Partenavia P.68 on Mt Aberdare: 6 killed

Date & Time: Mar 24, 1980
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5Y-BBA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
93
YOM:
1977
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane crashed in the Aberdare Mountain Range, about 75 km north of Nairobi. All six occupants were killed.

Crash of a Britten-Norman BN-2A-III-2 Trislander in Nyeri: 5 killed

Date & Time: Jul 24, 1978 at 0900 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
5Y-CMC
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Samburu – Nairobi
MSN:
1032
YOM:
1976
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Captain / Total flying hours:
3430
Circumstances:
The aircraft was making a charter flight in visual meteorological conditions (VMC from blombasa, Malindi, Amboseli, Wilson, Meru Mulika, Samburu, Wilson, Governor's Camp, Kilaguni and then back to Mombasa). The aircraft left Mombasa on 23 July, 1978, at 0400 hours with 6 passengers on board and 180 US gallons of usable fuel. On arrival at Malindi four more passengers came on board. The aircraft departed from Malindi at 0445 hours on the same day, taking 1 hour 15 minutes to Amboseli for a short stopover. The flight departed from Amboseli at 0830 hours for Wilson Airport for more fuel; the fuel uplift was 351 litres. The flight left Nairobi Wilson with the same party, i.e. ten passengers and the same pilot and a total of 160 US gallons of fuel. The flight time to Meru Mulika was 50 minutes. On arrival at Meru Mulika at 1040 hours, they decided to night stop. On 24 July, 1978, the party departed from Meru Mulika at 0500 hours arriving at Samburu at 0525 hours. At 0830 hours the flight departed from Samburu for Nairobi Wilson (a flight of 50 minutes). Since departure from Mombasa on 23 July until departure from Samburu on 24 July, 1978, the flight was conducted in VMC weather and was an uneventful flight. Upon departure from Samburu, in clear weather, the pilot climbed to 8 500 feet on a standard setting of 1 013 mb. The pilot contacted Nanyuki Airforce base and asked for a clearance to cross Nanyuki zone and was asked to report time inbound, then abeam and then Naro Moru outbound. The pilot had flown this route several times before in the past in different types of aeroplanes and quite often had to make diversion including continuing by instrument flight rules (IFR) to Nairobi. The flight passed abeam Nanyuki at approximately 0855 hours. The pilot states that at this time, i.e. abeam Nanyuki, they could not see the top of Mt. Kenya but could see the lower slopes, Mt. Kenya Safari Club and Nanyuki and that visibility was more than 15 NM. The pilot further states that further along their flight p a t h , t h e r e was a heavy build up of stratus clouds with scattered cumulonimbus sprouting out of the top The clouds seemed to extend from 2 000 feet up to 11 000 feet and more. The pilot called Nanyuki Airforce tower when abeam Naro Moru and was told to continue with East Air Centre. The flight left Naro Moru and the main road to Nanyuki was on the right. The pilot states that at the prevailing temperature of 14OC (outside air temperature) the density altitude was 10 000 feet. Considering the performance of the aircraft (which has a service ceiling of 10 000 feet) the pilot decided to fly below the clouds and continue VFR. Therefore he started to descend from 8 500 feet. He then realized that the weather was deteriorating very rapidly and within the next minute or two the visibility had been reduced to a few yards. The pilot states he realized his proximity to the ground and at the same time realized the chances of turning back were not good, since he would have had to make a steep turn which would result in losing more height. He decided to climb, in almost zero visibility, to a safe height and so applied full power and initiated a climb. At this stage, he saw a glimpse of trees approaching on the flight path. So he increased the angle of attack for a more rapid ascent but to no avail. He felt the undercarriage hitting trees and the whole aircraft crashing through the trees. The aircraft had normal R/T with East Air Centre and Nanyuki Airforce control but during the accident, the pilot had no time to radio either East Air Centre or Nanyuki Tower of this predicament. The airplane was totally destroyed by impact forces, five passengers were killed and six other occupants were injured.
Probable cause:
The probable cause of this accident was that the pilot flew VFR in IMC weather at a very low altitude, thereby flying blindly into a hill. Although the pilot was fully qualified he made a misjudgement of the weather therefore making a wrong decision to descend from a safe altitude and broke the VFR flight rules.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas DC-7CF on Mt Kenya: 4 killed

Date & Time: Oct 4, 1976
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
TZ-ARC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Sharjah - Djibouti City - Nairobi
MSN:
45467/970
YOM:
1958
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
While descending to 15,000 feet in limited visibility, the four engine airplane struck the slope of Mt Kenya, about 135 km northeast of Nairobi-Wilson Airport. The wreckage was found few hours later and all four crew members were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain after the crew initiated a premature descent.