Zone

Crash of an Embraer EMB-121A1 Xingu II in Campinas

Date & Time: Apr 2, 2019 at 2315 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-FEG
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Sorocaba - Palmas
MSN:
121-057
YOM:
1982
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane departed Sorocaba-Estadual Bertram Luiz Leupolz Airport at 2300LT on a flight to Palmas, Tocantins, carrying three passengers and a crew of two. Few minutes after takeoff, the crew encountered technical difficulties and was cleared to divert to Campinas-Viracopos Airport. On final, he realized he could not make it so he attempted an emergency landing in a prairie located about 6 km short of runway 15 threshold. The wreckage was found less than a km from the Jardim Bassoli condominium and all five occupants, slightly injured, were evacuated. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-11F in Campinas

Date & Time: Oct 13, 2012 at 1952 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N988AR
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Miami - Campinas
MSN:
48434/476
YOM:
1991
Flight number:
CWC425
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
12900
Copilot / Total flying hours:
5198
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1368
Circumstances:
The airplane took off from Miami International Airport (KMIA), destined for Viracopos Airport (SBKP), with two pilots and a mechanic on board, on a non-regular cargo transport flight. The flight was uneventful up to the moment its landing in SBKP. On the approach for landing on runway 15, the crew performed the IFR ILS Z procedure. The weather conditions were VMC, with the wind coming from 140º at 19kt. When the aircraft was granted clearance to land, the wind strength was 20kt, gusting up to 29kt. The copilot was the Pilot Flying (PF), and the captain was the Pilot Monitoring (PM) at the moment of landing. When the aircraft touched down on the runway after the flare, the left main landing gear collapsed, causing the aircraft to skid on the runway for approximately 800 meters before stopping. There was substantial damage to the left main gear assembly, to the left wing, and left engine. The aircraft stopped within the runway limits. All three crew members were uninjured.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the “the landing gear failed due to overload in the cylinder structure”. The fracture started in the rear section of the cylinder in a connection hole which served as a tension concentration point, and ended in the front part of the cylinder with its breakage into two parts. Following a failure of the right main gear upon landing in Montevideo on 20 October 2009, the right main landing gear was replaced by VARIG Engineering & Maintenance (VEM), but the organization responsible for the research of damage, the specification of the services necessary for the restoration of airworthiness, and the provision of the services that enabled the restoration of the aircraft to an airworthy condition was not identified. The same aircraft parts were subjected to metallurgical analysis at the Boeing Long Beach Materials, Processing and Physics [MP&P] Laboratories, in Huntington Beach, California, USA; and the technical report issued by Boeing highlighted that in one of the points of origin of the failure, the analysis had identified characteristics similar to a pre-crack point, which would have begun earlier, probably due to overload. In the tasks that led to the restoration of the aircraft airworthiness after the accident in Uruguay in 2009 (Hard-Landing), and also in subsequent periodic inspections, the existence of pre-crack traces resulting from a previous overload condition may not have been identified, something that could have resulted in a point of stress concentration.
Final Report:

Crash of an Embraer ERJ-145 in Curitiba

Date & Time: Dec 28, 1998 at 0847 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-SPE
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Campinas-Curitiba
MSN:
145-032
YOM:
1997
Flight number:
SL310
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
36
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a Britten-Norman BN-2A-6 Islander near Campinas: 7 killed

Date & Time: May 13, 1980 at 1245 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-KHK
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Rio de Janeiro - Campinas
MSN:
208
YOM:
1970
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane departed Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport at 1231LT on a special flight to Campinas-Viracopos, carrying six passengers and a pilot. The goal of the mission was a survey flight on behalf of the 'Rondon Project (Projeto Rondon) of the Ministry of Defence. At 1251LT, the pilot cancelled his IFR flight plan and informed ATC he was continuing under VFR mode. This was the last radio contact. As the airplane failed to land at Viracopos Airport, SAR operations were initiated but eventually abandoned 19 days later as no trace of the aircraft nor the 7 occupants was found.

Crash of a Learjet 24D in Campinas-Viracopos

Date & Time: Aug 23, 1979
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-DZU
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
24-244
YOM:
1971
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing at Campinas-Viracopos Airport, the twin engine airplane was unable to stop within the remaining distance. It overran and came to rest few dozen meters further. Both pilots escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a BAc 111-520FN in Campinas

Date & Time: Jan 4, 1977 at 2230 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-SDS
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Vitória – Rio de Janeiro – Campinas
MSN:
236
YOM:
1971
Flight number:
TR203
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
38
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The approach to Campinas-Viracopos Airport was completed in heavy rain falls. After touchdown on runway 32, a tire burst. The airplane went out of control, veered off runway to the left and came to rest in a muddy ground about 360 metres further. All 43 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Learjet 25C in Campinas: 7 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1976 at 2000 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-IBR
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Manaus – São Paulo
MSN:
25-072
YOM:
1972
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport in the afternoon on a flight to São Paulo-Congonhas Airport. En route, the crew was informed about the deterioration of weather conditions at destination and was vectored to Campinas-Viracopos Airport. On final approach by night, the crew failed to realize his altitude was too low when the airplane struck trees and crashed in an eucalyptus plantation located 2 km short of runway 14. The wreckage was found at 0700LT the following day. The aircraft was totally destroyed and all seven occupants were killed, among them five top managers from the Brazilian Mercedes Benz Branch.
Crew:
Jorge Casara, pilot,
Hugo Fernandes Rosa, copilot.
Passengers:
Friedrich Karl Binder,
Wilhelm Künkele,
Karl-Heinz Eisenmenger,
Willy Weltzer,
Helmut Surkemper.

Crash of a De Havilland DH.106 Comet 4C in Campinas: 52 killed

Date & Time: Nov 23, 1961 at 0540 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
LV-AHR
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Buenos Aires – Campinas – Port of Spain – New York
MSN:
6430
YOM:
1960
Flight number:
AR322
Country:
Crew on board:
12
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
40
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
52
Captain / Total flying hours:
12550
Captain / Total hours on type:
1612.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
13427
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1074
Aircraft flight hours:
5242
Circumstances:
Less than two minutes after takeoff from Campinas-Viracopos Airport, at an altitude of 100 meters, the airplane struck trees, stalled and crashed in eucalyptus forest. The airplane was totally destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all 52 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
It was presumed that the co-pilot was under flight instruction. If such was the case, the instructor, who was pilot-in-command, may have failed to brief or supervise the co-pilot properly. Observations of the Government of Argentina as State of Registry: "Argentina has determined, in the light of information it has gathered, that the cause of the accident was: "Failure to operate under IFR during a takeoff by night in weather conditions requiring IFR operation and failure to follow the climb procedure for this type of aircraft; a contributory cause was the lack of vigilance by the pilot-in-command during the operations."
Final Report:

Crash of a Saab Scandia 90A-2 in Campinas

Date & Time: Aug 15, 1960
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-SQS
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Campinas – Uberlândia
MSN:
113
YOM:
1954
Country:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Few minutes after takeoff from Campinas-Viracopos Airport, the crew informed ATC about an in-flight fire and obtained the permission to return for an emergency landing. After touchdown on runway 10, the airplane encountered difficulties to stop within the remaining distance, overran, struck construction vehicles and came to rest in a construction zone. All occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
It was determined that a fire erupted in the front baggage compartment for unknown reason. The reaction of the the crew to return was correct but the approach configuration was wrong with a too high speed upon landing. After touchdown, the crew failed to make profit of all braking systems and the airplane was unable to stop within the remaining distance. The presence of a work zone and construction vehicles was considered as a contributing factor.