Crash of a Learjet 25 in Columbus

Date & Time: Jul 1, 1991 at 2152 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N458J
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Philadelphie-Columbus
MSN:
25-106
YOM:
1973
Location:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
9450
Captain / Total hours on type:
4156.00

Crash of a Learjet 25 in Brasilia: 7 killed

Date & Time: Mar 18, 1991 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-LLL
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Uberaba-Brasilia
MSN:
25-258
YOM:
1978
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7

Crash of a Learjet 25 in Belo Horizonte: 5 killed

Date & Time: Jan 11, 1991 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-KKV
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Brasilia-Belo Horizonte
MSN:
25-172
YOM:
1974
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5

Crash of a Learjet 25C in Juiz de Fora: 2 killed

Date & Time: Apr 6, 1990 at 1503 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-CMY
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rio de Janeiro – Juiz de Fora – Belo Horizonte – Monte Carlos
MSN:
25-108
YOM:
1973
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Copilot / Total hours on type:
9
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport on a cargo flight to Monte Carlos with intermediate stops in Juiz de Fora and Belo Horizonte, carrying two passengers, two pilots and a load of bank notes. Because the crew failed to prepare the flight according to procedures, the aircraft left Rio de Janeiro with a total weight in excess of 711 kilos. Following a poor flight and approach planning, the crew failed to make the appropriate landing calculations and upon arrival, the total weight of the aircraft was 946 kilos above the max landing weight. The aircraft landed on a wet runway and after touchdown, the spoilers did not deployed. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the aircraft overran, went down an embankment and came to rest in a plantation, bursting into flames. A pilot and a passenger were killed while both other occupants were injured. The aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the accident was the consequence of the following factors:
- Poor flight preparation,
- Poor flight planning,
- Poor approach planning,
- The crew failed to calculate the landing distance and performances,
- Poor crew coordination,
- Poor judgement on part of the crew about the existing flight conditions,
- Lack of supervision,
- Lack of crew training,
- Poor crew experience on such type of aircraft,
- The crew failed to initiate a go-around procedure following a wrong landing configuration.

Crash of a Learjet 25C in Ribeirão das Neves: 5 killed

Date & Time: Nov 5, 1989 at 0002 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-ISN
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Rio de Janeiro – Belo Horizonte
MSN:
25-113
YOM:
1973
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
While approaching Belo Horizonte-Pampulha Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with heavy rain falls. Two minutes before landing, the aircraft struck trees and crashed on a hilly terrain located 15 km short of runway 13, near Ribeirão das Neves. All four occupants were killed.
Crew:
César Augusto da Costa e Silva, pilot,
João Bosco Monteiro Barros, copilot.
Passengers.
Alexandrino Horta,
Pedro Ernani Goulart.

Crash of a Learjet 25D off Posadas: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 23, 1989 at 1059 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
LV-MMV
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Buenos Aires - Posadas
MSN:
25-259
YOM:
1978
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight, the crew started an ILS approach to runway 01 at Posadas-Libertador General José San Martín Airport. As the aircraft was too high on the glide, the captain decided to abandon the approach and initiated a go-around. Few minutes later, he attempted to make a visual approach to runway 19. On final, the crew failed to realize his altitude was too low when the aircraft struck the water surface and crashed in the Paraná River, few hundred meters offshore. Two passengers were killed while five other occupants were injured. Weather conditions were marginal at the time of the accident.

Crash of a Learjet 25D in Belém: 4 killed

Date & Time: Aug 5, 1989 at 1904 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-KYR
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Goiânia – Belém
MSN:
25-266
YOM:
1979
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Captain / Total flying hours:
4336
Captain / Total hours on type:
36.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2304
Copilot / Total hours on type:
380
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Goiânia, the crew started the descent to Belém-Val de Cans Airport runway 06 via heading 243° then reported 6 nm from the airport at an altitude of 2,000 feet. Eleven seconds later, the aircraft went out of control and crashed in a wooded area located on the Oncas Island, few km short of runway 06 threshold. The aircraft was totally destroyed upon impact and all four occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the loss of control may have been the result of windshear that existed in the approach path of runway 06.
The following contributing factors were reported:
- The crew did not have sufficient training and experience to manage a windshear situation and thus, was unable to take the appropriate corrective actions,
- Poor crew coordination,
- The captain's experience on this type of aircraft was low,
- Poor supervision,
- Lack of safety culture by the operator.
Final Report:

Crash of a Learjet 25XR near Madinah: 2 killed

Date & Time: Oct 24, 1986
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N51DB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
25-246
YOM:
1978
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
While approaching Madinah Airport in limited visibility due to marginal weather conditions, the aircraft went out of control, entered a near vertical descent and crashed on the slope of a mountain located few km from the airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and both pilots were killed.
Probable cause:
It was reported that both elevators were not found at the point of impact and were missing. It is believed that the loss of control was the consequence of the elevator detachment in flight.

Crash of a Learjet 25B in Waterville

Date & Time: Jul 28, 1984 at 1545 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N1JR
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Waterville - White Plains
MSN:
25-188
YOM:
1975
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
10440
Captain / Total hours on type:
375.00
Aircraft flight hours:
3168
Circumstances:
During preflight preparation for departure from a short field the pilot failed to remove the Pitot tube covers. On takeoff roll, the stall warning light began to flicker. Pilot noted airspeed was not registering but did not consider this unusual in the early part of a takeoff roll. Pilot turned left stall warning switch off, then back on, warning light remained on. Pilot then initiated abort procedures, using full reverse thrust and brakes. The aircraft overran runway by about 100 feet and down a rough embankment which separated the landing gear.
Probable cause:
Occurrence #1: overrun
Phase of operation: takeoff - roll/run
Findings
1. (c) aircraft preflight - inadequate - pilot in command
2. Pitot/static system - blocked (total)
3. (f) airspeed indicator - disregarded - pilot in command
4. Warning system (other) - engaged
5. (c) remedial action - delayed - pilot in command
6. Aborted takeoff - performed - pilot in command
----------
Occurrence #2: complete gear collapsed
Phase of operation: takeoff
Findings
7. (f) terrain condition - downhill
8. (f) terrain condition - rough/uneven
9. Landing gear - overload
Final Report:

Crash of a Learjet 25D in Eagle County

Date & Time: Dec 22, 1983 at 1540 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N300PL
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Saint Louis - Aspen
MSN:
25-247
YOM:
1978
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
8376
Captain / Total hours on type:
735.00
Aircraft flight hours:
2887
Circumstances:
While en route, the aircrew encountered stronger headwinds than expected. They realized there would not be enough fuel reserves for an IFR flight to Aspen, so they elected to divert to Eagle, CO. However, their landing at Eagle was delayed due to a snowplow (with no radio) on the runway. After circling and reentering final approach, the aircrew noted that the snowplow was still on the runway, headed in their direction. They continued their approach and the snowplow cleared the runway. According to the snowplow operator, the aircraft was 100 to 200 feet agl when it crossed the threshold. A FSS specialist noted that the aircraft was still airborne when it passed the 2nd turnoff, approximately 2,300 feet from the threshold. After touching down on the snow covered runway, the pilot deployed the spoilers and immediately applied braking action, but was unable to stop on the remaining runway. The aircraft continued off the end of the runway, went down a 15 feet bank and ran into a small ravine. The runway gradient was 1.4% downhill, elev 6,538 feet. Drag chute was not deployed, 600 lbs fuel remaining. All six occupants were evacuated, among them five were injured, one seriously.
Probable cause:
Occurrence #1: in flight encounter with weather
Phase of operation: cruise - normal
Findings
1. (f) weather condition - unfavorable wind
2. (f) weather condition - high wind
----------
Occurrence #2: overrun
Phase of operation: landing - roll
Findings
3. (c) delayed - pilot in command
4. (f) airport facilities,runway/landing area condition - snow covered
5. Airport snow removal - performed
6. Precautionary landing - continued - pilot in command
7. (c) proper touchdown point - not attained - pilot in command
8. (f) fluid, fuel - low level
9. Go-around - not performed - pilot in command
10. (f) miscellaneous equipment - not used - pilot in command
11. (f) airport facilities,runway/landing area condition - downhill
----------
Occurrence #3: on ground/water encounter with terrain/water
Phase of operation: landing - roll
Findings
12. (f) terrain condition - downhill
13. (f) terrain condition - ditch
Final Report: