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Sindh (سنڌ سندھ)

Crash of an Airbus A320-214 in Karachi: 98 killed

Date & Time: May 22, 2020 at 1439 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
AP-BLD
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Lahore - Karachi
MSN:
2274
YOM:
2004
Flight number:
PK8303
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
91
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
98
Aircraft flight hours:
47124
Aircraft flight cycles:
25866
Circumstances:
On 22 May 2020 at 13:05 hrs PST, the Pakistan International Airlines aircraft Airbus A320-214, registration number AP-BLD, took off from Lahore (Allama Iqbal International Airport – AIIAP) Pakistan to perform a regular commercial passenger flight (PK8303) to Karachi (Jinnah International Airport – JIAP) Pakistan, with 8 crew members (01 Captain, 01 First Officer, and 06 flight attendants) and 91 passengers on board. At 14:35 hrs the aircraft performed an ILS approach for runway 25L and touched down without landing gears, resting on the engines. Both engines scrubbed the runway at high speed. Flight crew initiated a go-around and informed “Karachi Approach” that they intend to make a second approach. About four minutes later, during downwind leg, at an altitude of around 2000 ft, flight crew declared an emergency and stated that both engines had failed. The aircraft started losing altitude. It crashed in a populated area, short of runway 25L by about 1340 meters. An immediate subsequent post impact fire initiated. Out of 99 souls on-board, 97 were fatally injured and 02 passengers survived. On ground 04 persons were injured however 01 out of these reportedly expired later at a hospital.

Below, the preliminary report published by the Pakistan AAIB.
Final Report:

Crash of an Ilyushin II-76TD in Karachi: 12 killed

Date & Time: Nov 28, 2010 at 0148 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
4L-GNI
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Karachi - Khartoum
MSN:
43452546
YOM:
1982
Flight number:
MGC4412
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from Karachi-Jinnah Airport runway 25L, while climbing, aircraft stalled and crashed in a a huge explosion on a building under construction, five kilometers from the airport. All eight occupants were killed as four person in the building, most probably workers who were sleeping at the time of the accident. Aircraft was carrying 31 tons of tents on a supply mission to Khartoum, Sudan.
Probable cause:
It is suspected that an engine failed shortly after take off following a bird strike. This was not confirmed yet by the Pakistan authorities.

Crash of a Beechcraft 1900C in Karachi: 21 killed

Date & Time: Nov 5, 2010 at 0706 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
AP-BJD
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Karachi - Bhit Shah
MSN:
UC-157
YOM:
1991
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
19
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
21
Captain / Total flying hours:
8114
Captain / Total hours on type:
1820.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1746
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1338
Aircraft flight hours:
18545
Aircraft flight cycles:
24990
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Karachi-Jinnah Airport runway 07R, while in initial climb, the pilot informed ATC about engine problems and elected to return to runway 25R. Shortly later, the aircraft went out of control and crashed in a wasteland located near the Gulistan-e-Jauhar residential area, less than one mile from Airport. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post impact fire. All 21 occupants were killed, among them several employees of the Italian Oil Company ENI.
Probable cause:
Detailed investigation and analyses of the examinable evidence confirmed that the aircraft had developed some problem with its Engine No.2 (Right) immediately after takeoff which was observed by the cockpit crew as propeller feathering on its own. No concrete evidence could be found which would have led to the engine’s propeller malfunction as observed. The only probable cause of propeller feathering on its own could be the wear & tear of the beta valve leading to beta system malfunction. However, this anomaly at the most could have led to the non availability of one engine and making a safe landing with a single engine since the aircraft was capable of landing with a single engine operation. Some of the actions by the cockpit crew before takeoff and subsequent to the observed anomaly in the Engine No.2 were not according to the QRH / FCOM which aggravated the situation and resulted into the catastrophic accident.
The following factors contributed to the accident:
The aircraft accident took place as a result of combination of various factors which directly and indirectly contributed towards the causation of accident.
The primary cause of accident includes, inappropriate skill level of Captain to handle abnormal operation of engine No 2 just after takeoff, failure of cockpit crew to raise the landing gears after experiencing the engine anomaly, execution of remedial actions by FO before the attainment of minimum safe altitude of 400 ft AGL resulted in non conformance and non compliance of cockpit crew to OEM recommended procedures to handle such situations.
The lack of situational awareness and CRM failure directly contributed towards ineffective management of the flight deck by the cockpit crew.
The contributory factors include inadequate cockpit crew simulator training monitoring mechanism both at operator and CAA Pakistan levels in respect of correlation of previous / current performance and skill level of cockpit crew during the simulator training sessions along with absence of conduct of recurrent / refresher simulator training between two annual simulator checks in accordance with ICAO Annex-6 guidelines and CAA Pakistan (applicable ANOs) requirements for specific type of aircraft in a year.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna 402 in Karachi: 8 killed

Date & Time: Feb 24, 2003 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
AP-BFG
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Karachi-Kaboul
MSN:
402-1304
YOM:
1977
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Aircraft flight hours:
6793
Circumstances:

While climbing to 9,000 feet, the twin engine aircraft suddenly dove into the Arabian Sea. The Pakistan board of investigations determined that the probable cause of this accident was a structural failure due to overload. The aircraft weight was 7,183 lbs at the time of the accident as the maximum load written in the operational manual is 6,300 lbs. The aircraft totalized 6,793 flying hours.

Crash of a Dornier DO228 in Karachi

Date & Time: Feb 19, 2003 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
AP-BGF
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Karachi-Karachi
MSN:
8016
YOM:
1983
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
While taxiing, the crew lost control of the aircraft which continued its way across the tarmac before crashing into a concrete wall. Both occupants escaped unhurt but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Boeing 707-351B in Karachi

Date & Time: Feb 7, 1992
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
AP-AZW
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
19636/731
YOM:
1968
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The four engine aircraft suffered a runway excursion after landing at Karachi-Quaid-e-Azam Airport. There were no casualties while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12B near Nawabshah: 24 killed

Date & Time: Aug 4, 1984
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-10232
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Aden - Karachi - Tashkent
MSN:
3 3 411 07
YOM:
1963
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
24
Circumstances:
The four engine aircraft was completing a military/cargo flight from Aden to Tashkent with an intermediate stop in Karachi. On the leg from Karachi to Tashkent, while cruising at an altitude of 5,500 meters, weather conditions deteriorated and the aircraft entered an area of hailstorm with severe turbulences. All four engine lost power and the crew was forced to shut down the engine n°1 and 3 while the engine n°2 and 4 were reduced to idle. The crew then initiated an emergency descent when the aircraft partially disintegrated in the air and crashed. It was determined that excessive g-loads caused several parts to detach during the emergency descent.
Probable cause:
It was determined that all four engines lost power in-flight after hail accumulated in the oil tanks.

Crash of a Boeing 747-121 in Karachi

Date & Time: Aug 4, 1983 at 0438 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N738PA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
New Delhi – Karachi – London – New York
MSN:
19645
YOM:
1970
Flight number:
PA073
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
16
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
227
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
53324
Circumstances:
Flight PA073 was cleared to land on runway 25R of Karachi International Airport (KHI), Pakistan. The approach speed just prior to touchdown was 152 knots. After touchdown reverse thrust was applied on engines n°1, 2 and 3. Engine No.4 which had an unserviceable reverser was left in forward idle. Seventy knots was called and some three seconds later reverse power was decreased. At this stage EPR on n°4 engine increased rapidly. The aircraft veered to the left of the centerline at about 7400 feet from the approach end of runway 25R and departed the runway edge at 8000 feet from the approach end of runway 25R with 2,500 feet of runway remaining. Shortly before the aircraft departed the runway, the pilot flying (copilot) reported that he had no brakes and no nose wheel steering. The captain stated that he got on the brakes and tiller at this time to assist. After departing the runway surface the aircraft travelled 380 feet through soft mud before it came to rest at a point about 2100 feet from the end of runway 25R, heading about 160 degrees on the Southern side of the runway with the tail of the aircraft 120 feet from the runway edge. Shortly after the aircraft departed the runway, the nose gear struck a VASI light installation and its concrete base causing the nose gear to collapse backwards and to the left, resulting in total destruction of the VASI light installation and damage to the forward cargo hold, floor of the first class section and the stairway leading to the upper deck. Damage to the aircraft was substantial and it was not repaired. All 243 occupants evacuated safely.
Source: ASN
Probable cause:
Loss of directional control as the result of inadvertent application of forward thrust on n°4 engine at the time the pilot flying was coming out of reverse thrust on engines n°1, 2 and 3 during the landing roll, and subsequent failure of the crew to recognize the asymmetric power condition. Contributing were failure of the crew to monitor the engines, and failure to follow specified procedures during the landing.

Crash of a Boeing 720-047B in Karachi

Date & Time: Jan 8, 1981
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
AP-AXK
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Karachi - Quetta
MSN:
48590/339
YOM:
1963
Flight number:
PK320
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
72
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On approach to Quetta, the crew was unable to lower the nose gear that remained stuck in its wheel well. The captain initiated a go-around and decided to return to Karachi Intl Airport. Despite several manual attempts to lower the gear, the crew eventually decided to land in a nose gear-up configuration. Upon touchdown, the airplane slid on its nose for few hundred yards before coming to rest. All 79 occupants escaped without injuries while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Failure of the nose gear that remained stuck in its wheel well for unknown reasons.