Crash of a Cessna T207A Stationair 8 in Nazca: 7 killed

Date & Time: Feb 4, 2022 at 1210 LT
Operator:
Registration:
OB-2179
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Nazca - Nazca
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Nazca-María Reiche Neuman Airport, while in initial climb, the pilot lost control of the single engine airplane that crashed on a dirt road, bursting into flames. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all seven occupants were killed. They were completing a local sightseeing flight.

Crash of an Antonov AN-32A in Iquitos

Date & Time: Oct 14, 2020 at 1321 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-2120-P
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lima - iquitos
MSN:
18 05
YOM:
1989
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After touchdown on runway 06 at Iquitos-Coronel Francisco Secada Vignetta Airport, the aircraft went out of control and veered off runway to the left. It contacted small trees and bushes, lost its right wing and came to rest 100 metres to the left of the runway, broken in two. A fire erupted but was quickly extinguished. All four crew members were slightly injured and the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a Beechcraft B200C Super King Air in Nuevo Saposoa

Date & Time: Oct 19, 2017 at 1149 LT
Operator:
Registration:
OB-2077-P
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Contamana – Pucallpa
MSN:
BL-5
YOM:
1980
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
17659
Copilot / Total flying hours:
334
Copilot / Total hours on type:
131
Aircraft flight hours:
12334
Aircraft flight cycles:
9666
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Contamana Airport at 1128LT on a charter flight to Pucallpa, carrying 11 passengers and two pilots. Few minutes after takeoff, while climbing to an altitude of 4,500 feet, the right engine lost power and failed. The crerw decided to return to Contamana but was able to transfer fuel from the left tank to the right tank to restart the right engine. Decision was taken to continue to Pucallpa at an altitude of 13,500 feet. At a distance of 42 km from Pucallpa, the crew started the descent when the right engine failed again, followed shortly later by the left engine. The captain declared an emergency and attempted an emergency landing when the aircraft crashed in a wooded area. All 13 occupants were injured and the aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
Double engine failure in flight due to fuel starvation, forcing the crew to attempt an emergency landing in trees.
The following contributing factors were identified:
- Recurrent failures on the ground and in flight of the aircraft fuel quantity indicators, a situation that was maintained because the Maintenance Programme did not include an inspection and calibration of the fuel quantity gauges.
- Initiating the flight with a fuel indication system inoperative.
- Complacency on part of the crew who decided to continue the flight by having an aerodrome nearby after the first engine failure.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-3M8 in Jauja

Date & Time: Mar 28, 2017 at 1628 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-2036-P
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lima - Jauja
MSN:
25071/2039
YOM:
1991
Flight number:
P9112
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
142
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13504
Copilot / Total flying hours:
7604
Aircraft flight hours:
62817
Aircraft flight cycles:
44025
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Lima-Jorge Chavez Airport on a 20-minute flight to Jauja, carrying 142 passengers and 7 seven crew members. The approach to Jauja-Francisco Carlé was uneventful and completed in good weather conditions. Two seconds after the nose gear touched down on runway 31, the crew activated the reverse systems when he felt strong vibrations and oscillations. The aircraft started to bounce and became uncontrollable. The right main gear collapsed then the aircraft veered off runway to the right, lost its right engine and came to rest in a grassy area, bursting into flames. All 149 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was totally destroyed by fire.
Probable cause:
Failure of the mechanical components of the shimmy damper system in each of the main landing gears which, being out of tolerance range, did not allow the correct damping of the vibrations and lateral oscillations of the wheels after touchdown, generating sequential shimmy events in both gears and causing their collapse.
Contributing factors:
- Incorrect and probable absence of measurements on mechanical components of the 'cimmetic chain for shimmy damper operation', as indicated by the operator's PM AMM Task, which would have allowed for the timely detection and replacement of out-of-tolerance components, ensuring their integrity and correct operation.
- The Service Letter 737-SL-32-057-E 'broken torsion link', does not provide for mandatory actions, it only recommends maintenance practices to prevent fractures in mechanical components of the 'cimmetic chain for shimmy damper operation'.
- Service Letter 737-SL-32-057-E 'fractures in lower torsion link', makes a proper interpretation difficult; that could induce errors to choose the corresponding AMM Task and determine its scope.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna T207A Turbo Stationair 8 near Uchuquinua: 3 killed

Date & Time: Oct 9, 2016 at 0900 LT
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1936-P
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Trujillo - Pucallpa
MSN:
207-0767
YOM:
1984
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft was completing a charter flight from Trujillo to Pucallpa, carrying two pilots and pilot. While cruising over the Cajamarca Province, the pilot encountered poor weather conditions with heavy rain falls. He modified his route and was able to continue under VFR mode in good weather conditions. Nevertheless, he continued at an insufficient altitude when the aircraft impacted ground and crashed in a mountainous area. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and all three occupants were killed. There was no fire.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of a loss of situational awareness of the pilots, by not making a continuous surveillance during the VFR flight in good weather conditions, not determining timely the corrections of direction or altitude, which finally led them to fail to fly over the ground of the new route adopted in flight, generating a probable aerodynamic loss at the limit of the performance of the aircraft, occurring a CFIT accident.
Contributing factors:
- Limited or poor use of the available GPS Terrain Proximity Warning system.
- Poor or erroneous appreciation of the weather conditions at the beginning of the flight, which led them to vary the route to fly over terrain with higher elevation.
- Limited appreciation of terrain height on the new route in relation to the selected cruising altitude.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-3K2 in Cuzco

Date & Time: Oct 23, 2015 at 1115 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-2040-P
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lima - Cuzco
MSN:
24329/1858
YOM:
1990
Flight number:
P9216
Country:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
133
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
6352
Captain / Total hours on type:
1971.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1455
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1219
Aircraft flight hours:
74018
Aircraft flight cycles:
42389
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Lima, the crew started the descent to Cuzco-Alejandro Velasco Astete Airport Runway 28. On approach, the aircraft was configured for landing and flaps were deployed to 15°. Following a smooth landing, the crew started the braking procedure when, eight seconds after touchdown, he noticed vibrations coming from the left main gear. At a speed of 100 knots, the right main gear collapsed. The aircraft rolled for few hundred metres then came to a halt on the runway. All 139 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Unstable approach and inadequate landing technique for high altitude fields, which resulted in increased landing speed, the start of the flare manoeuvre at higher altitude, and low descent speed, which made the OB-2040-P aircraft make soft contact with the runway, causing inefficiency in operation of the shimmy damper, which did not prevent uncontrolled oscillation of the shock absorbers.
Contributing factors:
- Lack of instruction and training in simulators that include techniques and maneuvers of landing at high altitude fields, with emphasis on speed control at landing.
- Lack of a performance analysis process, through the use of flight recorders or other installed data recording equipment and flight parameters, by the operating company, to enable supervision, control and corrective measures in the operational use of its aircraft.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna 207 Stationair near La Molina: 3 killed

Date & Time: Nov 20, 2014 at 1430 LT
Operator:
Registration:
PNP-248
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Lima – Pisco
MSN:
207-0379
YOM:
1977
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft departed Lima-Callao-Jorge Chávez Airport bound for Pisco. While cruising in foggy conditions east of Lima, the airplane collided with a mountain located between La Molina and Villa Maria del Triunfo. The wreckage was found in the evening, around 1840LT, and all three occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain.

Crash of a Beechcraft B200 Super King Air in Pias: 9 killed

Date & Time: Mar 6, 2013 at 0741 LT
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1992-P
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Lima - Pias
MSN:
BB-1682
YOM:
1999
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Captain / Total flying hours:
4509
Captain / Total hours on type:
312.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
994
Copilot / Total hours on type:
425
Aircraft flight hours:
3859
Aircraft flight cycles:
4318
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Lima-Jorge Chávez Airport at 0625LT on a charter flight to Pias, carrying two pilots and seven employees of the Peruvian company MARSA (Minera Aurífera Retamas) en route to Pias gold mine. On approach to Pias Airport, the crew encountered limited visibility due to foggy conditions. Heading 320° on approach, the crew descended too low when the aircraft collided with power cables, stalled and crashed on the slope of a mountain located 4,5 km from the airport, bursting into flames. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all 9 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Loss of control following the collision with high power cables after the crew lost visual references during an approach completed in poor weather conditions. The following contributing factors were identified:
- Inadequate meteorological information provided by the Pias Airport flight coordinator that did not reflect the actual weather condition in the area,
- Lack of a procedure card to carry out the descent, approach, landing and takeoff at Pias Airport, considering the visual and operational meteorological limitations in the area,
- The copilot training was limited and did not allow the crew to develop skills for an effective CRM in normal and emergency procedures.
Final Report:

Crash of an Antonov AN-26-100 near Tomas: 4 killed

Date & Time: Dec 17, 2012 at 1042 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1887-P
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Lima - Las Malvinas
MSN:
66 06
YOM:
1978
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Captain / Total flying hours:
13145
Captain / Total hours on type:
12308.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1373
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1193
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a cargo flight from Lima to Las Malvinas (Sabeti), and departed Lima-Jorge Chávez Airport at 1009LT for a 78-minutes flight. 32 minutes into the flight, while overflying the Andes mountains at FL195, the crew lost control of the airplane that crashed in a mountainous area located near Tomas. The wreckage was found the following day and all four occupants were killed while.
Probable cause:
Both engines failed in flight due to icing accumulation and inappropriate use of the deicing systems. The following factors were considered as contributory:
- Poor flight planning on part of the crew,
- Poor crew resources management,
- Poor crew simulator training (icing detection and dual engine failure),
- Lack of procedures relating to icing conditions and dual engine failure,
- Marginal weather conditions which contributed to ice accumulation on engines and airframe.
Final Report:

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 off in Caballococha

Date & Time: Mar 9, 2012 at 1130 LT
Operator:
Registration:
FAP-317
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Iquitos - Caballococha
MSN:
324
YOM:
1971
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
9
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The seaplane landed hard in the Caballococha's Laguna. Upon landing on water, the right float was torn off, the aircraft overturned and sank. All 11 occupants were rescued and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. It was performing a flight from Iquitos on behalf of the 42nd Group of the Peruvian Air Force.