Country
code

Lima

Crash of a Cessna 207 Stationair near La Molina: 3 killed

Date & Time: Nov 20, 2014 at 1430 LT
Operator:
Registration:
PNP-248
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Lima – Pisco
MSN:
207-0379
YOM:
1977
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft departed Lima-Callao-Jorge Chávez Airport bound for Pisco. While cruising in foggy conditions east of Lima, the airplane collided with a mountain located between La Molina and Villa Maria del Triunfo. The wreckage was found in the evening, around 1840LT, and all three occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26-100 near Tomas: 4 killed

Date & Time: Dec 17, 2012 at 1042 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1887-P
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Lima - Las Malvinas
MSN:
66 06
YOM:
1978
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Captain / Total flying hours:
13145
Captain / Total hours on type:
12308.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1373
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1193
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a cargo flight from Lima to Las Malvinas (Sabeti), and departed Lima-Jorge Chávez Airport at 1009LT for a 78-minutes flight. 32 minutes into the flight, while overflying the Andes mountains at FL195, the crew lost control of the airplane that crashed in a mountainous area located near Tomas. The wreckage was found the following day and all four occupants were killed while.
Probable cause:
Both engines failed in flight due to icing accumulation and inappropriate use of the deicing systems. The following factors were considered as contributory:
- Poor flight planning on part of the crew,
- Poor crew resources management,
- Poor crew simulator training (icing detection and dual engine failure),
- Lack of procedures relating to icing conditions and dual engine failure,
- Marginal weather conditions which contributed to ice accumulation on engines and airframe.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft B200 Super King Air in Lima

Date & Time: Apr 18, 2005 at 1715 LT
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1700
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Chagual – Lima
MSN:
BB-214
YOM:
1977
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
4279
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4477
Aircraft flight hours:
23723
Circumstances:
En route from Chagual to Lima, at a distance of of 25 miles from Lima-Callao-Jorge Chávez Airport, the fuel pressure dropped and the left engine stopped. The crew continued the descent to Lima when, on final, the right engine failed as well. Both propellers were feathered and the crew attempted an emergency landing in an open field. The aircraft came to rest 3,5 km from the runway threshold. All 12 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Operation with four consecutive flights made by the same crew to Chagual aerodrome (an aerodrome that demands a high alertness and situational awareness due to difficult topographical conditions), a long and exhausting day flying and working together with the multiple functions performed by the technical crew (dispatcher, payer, loader, cabin crew) probably decreased the performance and capacity of the technical crew and safety. Poor planning on the part of the Operations and Sales Management of the Aero Condor Company Charter, by not providing the NOTAM which showed the lack of JET A1 fuel in Trujillo causing programming, operational and logistic difficulties.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-200 in Lima

Date & Time: Dec 13, 2003 at 2248 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1544-P
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Caracas - Lima
MSN:
20956
YOM:
1974
Flight number:
ACQ341
Country:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
94
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
25502
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2229
Aircraft flight hours:
62716
Aircraft flight cycles:
62162
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Caracas, the crew started the approach to Lima-Callao-Jorge Chávez Airport when the crew noted an asymmetric warning with the flaps. The crew decided to continue the approach but failed to lower the undercarriage. The aircraft belly landed at a speed of 190 knots and slid on runway 15 for 2,347 metres before coming to rest. All 100 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Failure of the crew to verify and check the Non Normal Checklist of the Quick Reference Handbook (QRH) due to technical problems at the time of approach and landing, causing the omission of the extension of the gear and subsequent contact of the aircraft with the runway with landing gear retracted. The following findings were identified:
- During the approach, an indication of flap asymmetry presented.
- Due to the tightness of the itinerary programmed by the company, the total flight hours and the flight's working day were within the limits of the maximum allowed by the RAP, which could have influenced (due to fatigue) the poor performance by the crew.
- The lack of recording of some parameters of the flight recorders (FDR and CVR) prevented the resolution of some important and useful details for the investigation.
- The flap asymmetry indication, due to an indication fault in the Flap Position Indicator caused by high electrical resistance originating from the winding inside the synchro transmitter of the right side Flap Position Transmitter.
- The omission of the use in the approach phase of the procedures described in the QRH for this type of abnormal situations.
- The lack of decision to carry out a Go Around, taking into account that the period of time to carry out the QRH procedures for this abnormal situation was not going to be enough.
- Overconfidence (complacency) during the approach phase under abnormal conditions (indication of flap asymmetry).
- Lack of Crew Resource Management during the approach and landing phases, especially under abnormal conditions.
- Lack of leadership during the abnormal situation presented.
- Lack of communication with the Control Tower about the abnormal conditions in which the approach and landing were to be carried out.
- Itinerary very adjusted to the limits of flight hours and working hours, established by the RAP.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 757-23A off Lima: 70 killed

Date & Time: Oct 2, 1996 at 0111 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N52AW
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Miami - Lima - Santiago
MSN:
25489
YOM:
1992
Flight number:
PL601
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
61
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
70
Captain / Total flying hours:
21955
Captain / Total hours on type:
1520.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
7954
Copilot / Total hours on type:
719
Aircraft flight hours:
10654
Aircraft flight cycles:
2673
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Lima-Jorge Chávez Airport at 0042LT on an international regular service to Santiago de Chile, carrying 61 passengers and a crew of nine. When they took off and reached speed V2 + 10, the crew noticed that the altimeters were not responding and that something irregular was occurring. They therefore decided to notify the control tower in Lima to declare an emergency, consulted Lima for confirmation of their altitude by radar, and requested assistance to return via radar vectors. After 29 minutes of flight, while returning to Lima airport and with the crew attempting to control the aircraft, it impacted with the sea 48 nautical miles from the airport, with the total loss of the aircraft and all of its occupants.
Probable cause:
The following findings were reported:
- It can be deduced from the investigation carried out that the maintenance staff did not remove the protective adhesive tape from the static ports. This tape was not detected during the various phases of the aircraft's release to the line mechanic, its transfer to the passenger boarding apron and, lastly, the inspection by the crew responsible for the flight (the walk-around or pre-flight check), which was carried out by the pilot-in-command, according to the mechanic responsible for the aircraft on the day of the accident.
- The pilot-in-command made a personal error by not complying with the procedure for GPWS alarms and not noticing the readings of the radio altimeters in order to discard everything which he believed to be fictitious.
- The copilot made a personal error by not being more insistent, assertive and convincing in alerting the pilot-in-command much more emphatically to the ground proximity alarms.
Final Report:

Crash of a Tupolev TU-134A-3 in Lima

Date & Time: Apr 15, 1995
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OB-1553
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Cuzco - Lima
MSN:
60206
YOM:
1977
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
68
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Cuzco-Alejandro Velasco Astete, one of the tyre on the left main gear burst. The crew decided to continue to Lima when, on approach, the left main gear could not be lowered and remained stuck in its wheel well. Upon landing, the aircraft sank on its left side and slid for few dozen metre before coming to rest. All 73 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Britten-Norman BN-2A-21 Islander in Escalera

Date & Time: Nov 4, 1990
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
OB-T-1207
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
MSN:
859
YOM:
1977
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances on a mountain located near Escalera. All 12 occupants were injured.