Crash of a Cessna 650 Citation VII in Guarda-Mor: 4 killed

Date & Time: Nov 10, 2015 at 1904 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-WQH
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Brasilia – Sao Paulo
MSN:
650-7083
YOM:
1998
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft left Brasilia-Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek Airport at 1839LT bound for Sao Paulo-Congonhas with two pilots and two Directors of Banco Brasdesco on board, Lúcio Flávio de Oliveira and Marco Antonio Rossi. About 25 minutes later, the aircraft went out of control, dove into the ground and crashed in a field in a near vertical attitude, causing a huge crater. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all four occupants were killed.

Crash of a Cessna 550 Citation S/II in São Paulo

Date & Time: Dec 1, 1992 at 1205 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-LKT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
São Paulo - São Paulo
MSN:
550-0117
YOM:
1986
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed São Paulo-Congonhas Airport for a local training flight, carrying two pilots under supervision and two instructors. Weather conditions were marginal with ceiling down to 300 metres, horizontal visibility 3 km with rain. After touchdown on wet runway 17R, the aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining distance. It overran, went down an embankment and came to rest. All four occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a Learjet 35A in Uberlândia

Date & Time: Mar 15, 1991 at 2107 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-LIH
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
São Paulo – Uberlândia
MSN:
35-433
YOM:
1981
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
3850
Captain / Total hours on type:
550.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
15175
Copilot / Total hours on type:
525
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed São Paulo-Congonhas Airport on an ambulance flight to Uberlândia, carrying two doctors and two pilots who should pick-up a patient. The copilot was pilot flying. This was his first flight on a Learjet without an instructor. This was against regulations since the copilot was not fully qualified yet and the captain was not qualified to act as an instructor. Upon arrival at Uberlândia, weather conditions were poor with a low ceiling at 100 meters (clouds 8/8), fog and an horizontal visibility less than 200 meters (below minimums weather conditions). The crew abandoned the approach and initiated a go-around procedure. Few minutes later, a second approach was also abandoned. Rather than diverting to the alternate airport, the crew attempted a third approach when the aircraft struck the ground and crashed short of runway threshold. All four occupants were seriously injured and the aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of the combination of the following factors:
- Poor flight preparation and planning,
- Poor approach planning,
- Wrong approach configuration,
- Poor crew coordination,
- Lack of visibility due to the night associated to below minimums weather conditions,
- The crew failed to initiate a go-around and to divert to the alternate airport,
- Poor crew resources management,
- Non observation of operational procedures,
- Lack of supervision on part of the captain,
- Poor operational organization on part of the operator.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-2A1 in Brasília: 2 killed

Date & Time: May 24, 1982
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-SMY
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
São Paulo – Brasília
MSN:
20970
YOM:
1974
Flight number:
VP234
Country:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
112
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
The approach to Brasília was initiated in poor visibility due to rain falls. On short final, the crew failed to realize that the aircraft attitude was wrong. In a nose-down attitude, the aircraft landed hard, causing the nose gear to collapse. The airplane went out of control, veered of runway and came to rest, broken in two. Two passengers were killed, 20 occupants were injured and 96 others escaped uninjured.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the crew suffered an optical illusion on short final.

Crash of a Boeing 727-27C near Florianópolis: 55 killed

Date & Time: Apr 12, 1980 at 2038 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-TYS
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Fortaleza - Sao Paulo - Florianópolis - Porto Alegre
MSN:
19111
YOM:
1966
Flight number:
TR303
Country:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
50
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
55
Circumstances:
On approach to Florianópolis-Hercílio Luz Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity and heavy rain falls. The approach was abandoned and the captain initiated a go-around. Few minutes later, while completing a second attempt to land, the crew failed to realize that the airplane was not properly aligned. At a higher speed than prescribed, the airplane struck the top of a hill and crashed in flames about 26 km from the airport. Three passengers were rescued while 55 other occupants were killed. At the time of the accident, the airplane was approaching the airport below the glideslope and off course. It appears that an inspector pilot was at control at the time of the accident.
Probable cause:
The crew misjudged distance, speed and altitude during an approach completed in marginal weather conditions. The following contributing factors were reported:
- Lack of flight supervision,
- Lack of crew coordination,
- Improper use of engines,
- The pilot-in-command failed to initiate a second go-around,
- Lack of visibility due to poor weather conditions.

Crash of a Embraer EMB-820C Navajo in Brotas: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 15, 1979 at 1300 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-EDG
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
São Paulo – Brotas – Brasilia
MSN:
820-015
YOM:
1975
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane was completing a flight from São Paulo to Brasilia with an en route stop at Brotas, carrying two engineers and one pilot. While approaching Brotas, the pilot encountered poor weather conditions and lost control of the airplane that crashed on a hill. A passenger was injured while both other occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Pilot error.

Crash of a Learjet 25C in São Paulo

Date & Time: Dec 26, 1978 at 1500 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-JDX
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
São Paulo – Brasília
MSN:
25-131
YOM:
1973
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll on a wet runway 34, the left engine failed. The crew abandoned the takeoff procedure and started an emergency braking procedure. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the aircraft overran, went down an embankment, lost its undercarriage and came to rest few dozen meters further. All six occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damage beyond repair. All four passengers were members of the Brazilian government, among them secretary of finances.
Probable cause:
Failure of the left engine for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Boeing 737-2A1 in São Paulo

Date & Time: Apr 2, 1978 at 2120 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-SMX
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo
MSN:
20969
YOM:
1974
Flight number:
VP005
Country:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
37
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Rio de Janeiro-Galeão Airport at 2015LT on flight VP005 to São Paulo. Following an uneventful flight, the crew was unable to lower the undercarriage and decided to complete a belly landing. Upon touchdown, the airplane slid for few hundred meters before coming to rest in flames onto the runway. All 44 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Piper PA-31P Pressurized Navajo in São Paulo: 3 killed

Date & Time: Feb 27, 1978
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-DTK
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
31-62
YOM:
1968
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from São Paulo-Congonhas Airport, while climbing, the pilot encountered an unexpected situation and attempted to return for an emergency landing when the airplane went out of control and crashed in flames on a road located near the airport. All three occupants were killed and two people on the ground were injured.

Crash of a Learjet 25C in Campinas: 7 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1976 at 2000 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-IBR
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Manaus – São Paulo
MSN:
25-072
YOM:
1972
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport in the afternoon on a flight to São Paulo-Congonhas Airport. En route, the crew was informed about the deterioration of weather conditions at destination and was vectored to Campinas-Viracopos Airport. On final approach by night, the crew failed to realize his altitude was too low when the airplane struck trees and crashed in an eucalyptus plantation located 2 km short of runway 14. The wreckage was found at 0700LT the following day. The aircraft was totally destroyed and all seven occupants were killed, among them five top managers from the Brazilian Mercedes Benz Branch.
Crew:
Jorge Casara, pilot,
Hugo Fernandes Rosa, copilot.
Passengers:
Friedrich Karl Binder,
Wilhelm Künkele,
Karl-Heinz Eisenmenger,
Willy Weltzer,
Helmut Surkemper.