Crash of a Xian Yunsunji Y-7H-100 off Nouadhibou: 8 killed

Date & Time: Apr 5, 1996
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-MAF
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Nouadhibou - Nouakchott
MSN:
00 7H 01
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Nouadhibou Airport, while climbing, the aircraft stalled and crashed in the sea, killing all eight occupants.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the loss of control was the consequence of an engine failure.

Crash of a Tupolev TU-154B-1 off Nouadhibou: 1 killed

Date & Time: Aug 7, 1980 at 0304 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
YR-TPH
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bucharest – Nouadhibou
MSN:
78A277
YOM:
1978
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
16
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
162
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
On a night approach to Nouadhibou Airport, the crew encountered limited visibility. When the aircraft reached the decision height of 300 feet on final, a missed approach procedure was initiated when the captain thought he had a visual contact with the runway. He decided to continue the approach when the airplane contacted water and crashed into the sea less than one km short of runway threshold. A passenger was killed while 18 others were injured. The airplane was destroyed,
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain (water) after the crew continued the approach after passing the decision height in marginal and limited visibility.

Crash of a Douglas DC-6B on Mt Alcazaba: 80 killed

Date & Time: Oct 2, 1964 at 0545 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-BHMS
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Paris – Marseille – Palma de Majorque – Nouadhibou – Nouakchott
MSN:
44062
YOM:
1953
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
73
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
80
Captain / Total flying hours:
10964
Aircraft flight hours:
29620
Circumstances:
The aircraft was flying a scheduled international passenger flight from Paris to Marseilles, Palma de Mallorca and Port-Etienne. The trip to Palma was uneventful and, following receipt of the latest meteorological information available, the aircraft took off from runway 27 for Port-Etienne at 0314 hours GMT. According to its flight plan the air- craft was to check with the following while en route: area control centres at Barcelona, Seville, Casablanca and Dakar and the control tower at Port-Etienne. At 0339 hours, it advised Palma control tower that it was over Ibiza. It reported to Barcelona FIR that it had crossed the FIR boundary at 0401 hours at flight level 100. At 0353 hours, it reported to Seville FIR that it was estimating the FIR boundary at 0401 at flight level 100 and Los Alcazares at 0415 hours. At 0420 hours, it reported having passed Los Alcazares in clear skies at 0415 hours, estimating abeam Malaga at 0500 hours, overhead Tanger at 0524, and Port-Etienne at 1020 hours. This was the last communication from the flight. Seville FIR tried subsequently, without success, to contact the aircraft. The aircraft hit a mountain at 0445 hours.
Probable cause:
At the time of last contact with the aircraft it was flying in clear skies. The aircraft deviated from the flight plan but flew at altitudes within the established safety margin, then struck a mountain. The reason for the deviation from the planned route could not be determined. It is believed that after Los Alcazares (0415 hours), the aircraft headed for Tanger, deviating slightly from the planned route which was 25 km away from the scene of the accident and at altitudes which were within the established safety margin. The difference between the Los Alcazares - Tanger route and the Los Alcazares - site of the accident route, exceeds 5°. Since the automatic pilot error is plus or minus 1°, the remaining 4° may have been caused by wind or some other undiscovered error.
Final Report:

Crash of a Short S.25 Sunderland V off Port-Étienne: 5 killed

Date & Time: Oct 23, 1957 at 2255 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
27.F.5
Survivors:
Yes
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
11
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The seaplane overturned while landing in the harbor of Port-Étienne by night. Three crew members were killed while eight others were injured. Few hours later, two of the survivors died from their injuries.
Crew (27F Squadron):
Lt Pierre Kerblat, pilot, †
2nd Mst Savannaz, pilot,
1st Mst René Gaspard, radio operator, †
2nd Mst Revert, radio operator,
2nd Mst Marc, navigator, †
2nd Mst Orlowrai, navigator,
2nd Mst Lucien Laloux, mechanic, †
2nd Mst Proco, mechanic,
2nd Mst Le Bars, gunner, †
2nd Mst Lachasseigne, gunner,
2nd Mst Bonnet, gunner.

Crash of a Latécoère 631 into the Atlantic Ocean: 52 killed

Date & Time: Aug 1, 1948 at 2355 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-BDRC
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Fort-de-France – Port-Etienne – Paris
MSN:
06
YOM:
1947
Flight number:
AF072
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
11
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
41
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
52
Aircraft flight hours:
185
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a flight from Fort-de-France, Martinique, to Paris, with an intermediate stop in Port-Etienne, Mauritania. While cruising by night over the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,920 km from Port-Etienne (now Nouadhibou), the aircraft crashed into the ocean in unknown circumstances at 2355LT. No message was sent by the crew. SAR operations were jointly conducted by several countries and few debris were found by the crew of USS Campbell three days later, on August 4. Unfortunately, none of the 52 occupants survived the crash of this six-engine aircraft christened 'Henri Guillaumet'.
Crew:
Corentin Kersual, pilot,
Jean Goutay, copilot,
Henri Gloux, radio navigator,
Gontran Ronat, radio navigator,
Henri Cabanes, navigator,
Gaston Le Morvan, mechanic,
Jean Coustaline, mechanic,
Alfred Jaggi, mechanic,
Mr. Arbelot, mechanic,
Mr. Sgourdeos, steward,
Mr. Meunier, steward.
Probable cause:
Due to lack of concrete evidence, it was not possible to determine the exact cause of this tragedy. However, experts did not exclude the hypothesis of a serious technical issue sustained during flight.

Crash of a Lockheed 18-07 LodeStar in Port-Étienne

Date & Time: Jul 2, 1942
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-ARTL
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Toulouse – Alicante – Casablanca – Port-Étienne – Dakar
MSN:
2011
YOM:
1940
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from Port-Étienne Airport, while in initial climb, the twin engine aircraft stalled and crashed near the runway end. All three occupants were injured while the aircraft was destroyed. The crew was completing a regular mail flight from Toulouse to Dakar.

Crash of a Latécoère 28/1 in Port Étienne: 1 killed

Date & Time: Oct 12, 1932
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-AJIP
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Dakar – Port Étienne – Algiers – Paris
MSN:
905
YOM:
1929
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Port Étienne (Nouadhibou), aircraft crashed in unknown circumstances. The pilot Albert Pinot, sole on board, was killed.

Crash of a Breguet 14A.2 in Western Sahara

Date & Time: Dec 8, 1927
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-ALKU
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Villa Cisneros - Nouadhibou
MSN:
6365.131
YOM:
1922
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
En route from Villa Cisneros (Dakhla) to Port-Étienne (Nouadhibou), in Mauritania, the pilot encountered technical problems en route and was forced to make an emergency landing some 200 km south of Villa Cisneros, in Western Sahara. While the pilot was unhurt, the aircraft was destroyed. It appears that a structural failure occurred on a wing.
Probable cause:
Structural failure in flight.

Crash of a Breguet 14A.2 in Port Etienne: 1 killed

Date & Time: Oct 17, 1925
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-AEGZ
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
MSN:
168
YOM:
1922
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
Pilot Guy Martin des Pallières was performing a mail flight between South America and France. While cruising over Port Etienne (Nouadhibou), Mauritania, he suffered sunstroke and lost control of the aircraft which crashed on the ground. He was rescued and transferred to a local hospital where he died from his injuries a day later.