Crash of a Beechcraft 1900D in Bir Kalait

Date & Time: Oct 28, 2012 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
TT-ABB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
N'Djamena - Bir Kalait
MSN:
UE-406
YOM:
2000
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft hit the ground short of runway for unknown reasons. Upon impact, all undercarriage were sheared off, aircraft skidded for about 200 metres before coming to rest with all propeller blades separated. All 17 occupants could evacuate without further problem but aircraft named Am Djerass was considered as damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Boeing 707-328C in Bratislava

Date & Time: Feb 7, 1999 at 2344 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9G-ROX
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bratislava – N’Djamena
MSN:
19521
YOM:
1967
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft was leased to a Belgian charter broker around June 1998 to operate fish charter flights between Mwanza and Vienna. The aircraft was in fact seen on many other airports, Bratislava, Ostrava and Lubumbashi. At the time of the accident, the plane is understood to have had a long list of 32 faults that needed urgent repair. Problems included a limited EGT of n°1 & 4 engines; n°3 engine constant speed drive (CSD) gearbox was consuming a 'massive amount of oil'; n°1 engine CSD generator missing; n°2 engine required bleed on takeoff and above FL330; left wing leading edge cracked and leaking; n°4 fuel tank and reserve tank gauge not working. Decision to ferry the aircraft to N'Djamena was taken on February 7. During the takeoff roll the n°2 & 3 engines failed. The takeoff was aborted but the aircraft could not be stopped within the remaining distance. It overran, lost its nose gear and came to rest 200 metres past the runway end. All seven occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Boeing 707-321C in N'Djamena

Date & Time: Aug 17, 1995 at 2300 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
YR-ABN
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Paris – N’Djamena
MSN:
19379
YOM:
1968
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful cargo flight from Paris, the crew completed the landing on runway 05 by night. After touchdown, the crew started the braking procedure and selected spoilers and reverse thrust. The aircraft started to veer to the left so the captain decided to reduce the use of the reverse thrust systems. On a wet runway surface, the aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining distance and overran at a speed of 10 knots. The aircraft sank on soft ground and the left main gear collapsed. The aircraft came to rest about 50 metres past the runway end and was damaged beyond repair. All six crew members escaped uninjured.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the reverse thrust system failed on engine n°4.

Crash of a Douglas DC-4 in N'Djamena

Date & Time: Nov 22, 1989
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TT-EAF
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
10307
YOM:
1944
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Upon landing, the nose gear collapsed. The aircraft slid on its nose for few dozen meters and came to rest on the runway. There were no casualties but the aircraft was written off.

Crash of a Douglas DC-10-30 in Niger: 170 killed

Date & Time: Sep 19, 1989 at 1359 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N54629
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Brazzaville – N’Djamena – Paris
MSN:
46852
YOM:
1973
Flight number:
UT772
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
14
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
156
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
170
Captain / Total flying hours:
11039
Captain / Total hours on type:
2723.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
8357
Copilot / Total hours on type:
754
Aircraft flight hours:
60267
Aircraft flight cycles:
14777
Circumstances:
The DC-10 departed N'Djamena Airport at 1313LT bound for Paris-Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport. Forty-six minutes later, while cruising at an altitude of 35,000 feet over Niger, the aircraft disappeared from radar screens and the crew did not send any distress call. It was quickly understood that the aircraft exploded in mid-air and crashed somewhere in the desert. SAR operations were initiated and the wreckage was found a day later in the Ténéré Desert, about 650 km north of N'Djamena, northeast from the Termit Mountain Range. Debris scattered on 100 km2 and none of the 170 occupants survived the crash.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the accident was the aircraft was destroyed by an explosion. The following findings were reported:
- The destruction was due to an explosive charge placed in a container located in position 13R in the forward cargo hold.
- The bomb was formed of pentrite, namely an explosive composed with a powerful and very sensitive crystalline nitric ester.
- The Investigation Commission assert that the most plausible hypothesis is that the explosive charge was inside baggage loaded at Brazzaville Airport.
- Observations made shortly after the accident on Brazzaville Airport made it clear that, at that time, the airport security measures in force were not in accordance with the ICAO standards and recommended practices (Annex 17 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation and Civil Aviation Security Manual (DOC 8973)).
Final Report:

Crash of a Gulfstream GII-TT in N'Gaoundéré: 5 killed

Date & Time: Feb 6, 1980
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
TR-KHB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
N’Djamena – N’Gaoundéré – Libreville
MSN:
127
YOM:
1973
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The airplane was en route from N’Djamena to Libreville with an intermediate stop in N’Gaoundéré, Cameroon, carrying three passengers and two pilots. On approach, the crew failed to realize his altitude was too low when the airplane crashed 10 km short of runway. The aircraft was totally destroyed upon impact and all five occupants were killed, among them René Journiac, personal advisor for African affairs to the French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. He was making a stop at N’Gaoundéré to meet Ahmadou Ahidjo, President of Cameroon.

Crash of a Douglas DC-4-1009 near Faya-Largeau

Date & Time: Jan 29, 1978 at 0630 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
TT-NAA
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
N’Djamena – Faya-Largeau
MSN:
42936
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The four engine airplane departed N'Djamena Airport at 0530LT on a flight to Faya-Largeau, carrying a crew of five, 21 fuel drums and various military equipment. While descending to Faya-Largeau and flying at a relative low altitude, the airplane was struck by a SAM-7 missile that hit the engine n°2. The engine caught fire and detached, followed shortly later by the engine n°1. The captain reduced his altitude and attempted an emergency landing in a desert area located about 55 km west of Faya-Largeau. The aircraft belly landed and slid for few dozen meters before coming to rest in flames. All five crew members escaped with minor injuries while the aircraft was totally destroyed by a post crash fire.
Probable cause:
Shot down by a SAM-7 missile.

Crash of a Douglas DC-3 in Zouar: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jan 28, 1978
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TT-EAB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
N'Djamena - Zouar
MSN:
9157
YOM:
1943
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
While approaching Zouar Airport, the twin engine airplane was shot down by a SAM-7 missile and crashed in a desert area. Both crew members were killed.
Crew:
Mr. Scabello, pilot,
Mr. N'Gama, navigator.
Probable cause:
Shot down by a SAM-7 missile.

Crash of a Max Holste M.H.1521M Broussard in N'Djamena

Date & Time: Jul 25, 1974
Operator:
Registration:
259/F-RAHF
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
314
YOM:
1960
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed upon landing at N'Djamena Airport. All occupants were injured.