Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Manaus

Date & Time: Sep 16, 2019 at 1226 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-MHC
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus - Maués
MSN:
208B-0543
YOM:
1996
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport in rainy conditions, the single engine airplane lost height and crashed in a wooded area located near the airfield. All 10 occupants were evacuated to local hospital and the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Manaus

Date & Time: May 22, 2018 at 0940 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-FLW
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus - Manaus
MSN:
208B-0451
YOM:
1995
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The pilot, sole on board, was completing a positioning flight from Manaus-Eduardo Gomes International Airport. On final approach to runway 11, the single engine aircraft crashed in a wasteland and came to rest in flammes about 350 meters from the runway threshold. The pilot was rescued and the aircraft was destroyed by fire.

Crash of a Boeing 707-349C in São Paulo: 25 killed

Date & Time: Mar 21, 1989 at 1155 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-TCS
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Manaus – São Paulo
MSN:
19354
YOM:
1966
Flight number:
TR801
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
25
Captain / Total flying hours:
10731
Captain / Total hours on type:
1458.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2265
Copilot / Total hours on type:
21
Aircraft flight hours:
61053
Circumstances:
The crew (one captain under training, one instructor and one flight engineer) was completing a cargo flight from Manaus to São Paulo and the aircraft was carrying a load of 26 tons of electronic equipments. Initially cleared for an approach to runway 09L, the crew was instructed to change to runway 09R as runway 09L was blocked by an aircraft. The crew was aware of a notam saying that runway 09R would be closed to all traffic starting 1200LT due to maintenance. In such conditions, the instructor rushed the approach procedure, interrupted the instruction to the captain under supervision and commanded flaps and speed brake at the same time, causing the aircraft to descend. The left wing struck the roof of a house then crashed in a residential area located about 2,7 km short of runway, bursting into flames. All three crew members and 22 people on the ground were killed. 47 other people on the ground were seriously injured.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of the combination of the following factors (findings):
- The imminent interruption of operations in the aerodrome that would be used for landing the aircraft (closure of runway 09R due to works) stimulated the instructor to make a hurried descent, characterizing a potential state of anxiety,
- Probable crew fatigue,
- The instruction given to the pilot was discontinued and the local flight did not comply with the minima provided in RAC 3211,
- The failures found in the instruction were due to poor supervision of the Company's operations sector,
- Poor crew coordination,
- During the descent procedure when working checklist, the instructor broke the sequence of standardized procedures, thus stopping the instruction and consequently, the student's core handling of the flight,
- The instructor, without the student being informed beforehand, commanded the flaps together with the speed brakes. This action configured an abnormal attitude that contributed, without the pilots identifying, to the loss of control of the aircraft,
- The flight engineer also failed to meet the checklist items,
- The instructor did not follow the standardization of the instruction, when he executed a decision in a hurry,
- The crew did not respond to the sinking and pull up warnings,
- Error in the application of flight controls,
- The crew did not operate in accordance with the operational standard issued by the manufacturer and endorsed by the company,
- The air traffic controller contributed to the increase of the crew anxiety level by using non standard phraseology.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 707-330C in Manaus

Date & Time: Apr 11, 1987
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-TCO
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
18932
YOM:
1966
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The approach to Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport was completed in poor weather conditions with limited visibility due to heavy rain falls. On final, the crew failed to realize that the airplane was not properly aligned with the runway centerline. The aircraft landed to the right of the centerline, causing the right main gear to collapse after it struck runway lights and an electric box. The aircraft slid for few hundred meters before coming to rest. All seven occupants escaped uninjured.

Crash of a Boeing 737-2A1C in Manaus: 2 killed

Date & Time: Feb 22, 1983
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-SNC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Manaus - Manaus
MSN:
21187
YOM:
1975
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
The crew (one pilot and one instructor) was engaged in a local training flight at Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport. After a simulated asymmetrical power takeoff, the airplane encountered difficulties to gain sufficient height. The crew increased engine power but the airplane stalled and crashed in a wooded area located few km from the airfield, bursting into flames. Both pilots were killed. It is believed that the aircraft was on its way to São Paulo Airport, carrying a load of televisions.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of the combination of the following findings:
- Poor flight preparation,
- Lack of crew coordination,
- Failure to follow pre-takeoff procedures,
- Inadequate supervision on part of the instructor.

Crash of a Boeing 707-341C in Manaus

Date & Time: Jun 11, 1981
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-VJT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
19322
YOM:
1967
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After touchdown on a wet runway at Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport, the four engine airplane deviated to the right, causing the right main gear to struck runway lights. Upon impact, the right main gear was torn off and the airplane came to rest. All three crew members escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. It was reported that the crew landed at an excessive speed of 148 knots on a wet runway due to heavy rain falls. It may be possible that the aircraft suffered aquaplaning after touchdown.

Crash of a Learjet 25C in Campinas: 7 killed

Date & Time: Sep 26, 1976 at 2000 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-IBR
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Manaus – São Paulo
MSN:
25-072
YOM:
1972
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport in the afternoon on a flight to São Paulo-Congonhas Airport. En route, the crew was informed about the deterioration of weather conditions at destination and was vectored to Campinas-Viracopos Airport. On final approach by night, the crew failed to realize his altitude was too low when the airplane struck trees and crashed in an eucalyptus plantation located 2 km short of runway 14. The wreckage was found at 0700LT the following day. The aircraft was totally destroyed and all seven occupants were killed, among them five top managers from the Brazilian Mercedes Benz Branch.
Crew:
Jorge Casara, pilot,
Hugo Fernandes Rosa, copilot.
Passengers:
Friedrich Karl Binder,
Wilhelm Künkele,
Karl-Heinz Eisenmenger,
Willy Weltzer,
Helmut Surkemper.

Crash of a Douglas C-47A-90-DL near Carauari: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jun 11, 1976
Operator:
Registration:
PP-AJC
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Carauari - Manaus
MSN:
20402
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
14
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
Few minutes after his departure from Carauari Airport, the crew encountered technical problems with the engine and decided to attempt an emergency landing. The airplane crash landed near the Rio Juruá and came to rest. Three passengers were killed while 14 other occupants were injured.
Probable cause:
Engine failure for undetermined reasons.

Crash of a Douglas DC-7C in Belém

Date & Time: Oct 14, 1961
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-PDL
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus – Belém
MSN:
45122
YOM:
1957
Country:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
An hour after his departure from Manaus-Ponta Pelada Airport, the captain informed ATC that the primary hydraulic system failed. He was able to continue the flight and to complete a normal landing at Belém-Val de Cans Airport. After touchdown, when the reverse thrust systems were applied, the crew lost control of the airplane that veered off runway to the right. While contacting soft ground, the undercarriage were sheared off and the airplane came to rest into a ravine. There were no injuries among the occupants but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The primary hydraulic system failed in flight, causing a major hydraulic leak. Upon landing, the reverse thrust and braking systems were partially inoperative.

Crash of a Curtiss C-46A-60-CK Commando near Cachimbo: 15 killed

Date & Time: Dec 7, 1960
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-AKF
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Cuiabá – Manaus
MSN:
295
YOM:
1945
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
13
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
15
Circumstances:
En route, the right engine failed and the crew was forced to jettison some of the cargo to maintain a safe altitude. Eventually, the aircraft stalled and crashed on a hilly and wooded terrain located in the region of Cachimbo. The wreckage was found few hours later in the jungle and all 15 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
In-flight failure of the right engine for unknown reason.