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Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Manaus

Date & Time: Sep 16, 2019 at 1226 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-MHC
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus - Maués
MSN:
208B-0543
YOM:
1996
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport in rainy conditions, the single engine airplane lost height and crashed in a wooded area located near the airfield. All 10 occupants were evacuated to local hospital and the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan in Manaus

Date & Time: May 22, 2018 at 0940 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-FLW
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus - Manaus
MSN:
208B-0451
YOM:
1995
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The pilot, sole on board, was completing a positioning flight from Manaus-Eduardo Gomes International Airport. On final approach to runway 11, the single engine aircraft crashed in a wasteland and came to rest in flammes about 350 meters from the runway threshold. The pilot was rescued and the aircraft was destroyed by fire.

Crash of a Cessna 208A Caravan I near Manaus: 1 killed

Date & Time: Oct 17, 2017 at 1050 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PR-MPE
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
208A-0510
YOM:
2009
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft was engaged in a local survey flight on behalf of Greenpeace Brazil. Upon landing on the Rio Negro area located in the Anavilhanas National Park, the airplane struck the water surface and crashed upside down before coming to rest partially submerged. The pilot and three passengers were rescued while a fourth passenger was killed. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair. Did the pilot raise the gear prior to landing ?

Crash of a Cessna 208 Caravan in Manaus: 1 killed

Date & Time: Feb 28, 2012 at 0716 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-PTB
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Manaus-Manaus
MSN:
208-0766
YOM:
1999
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
The pilot was performing a positionning flight from Manaus-Aeroclube de Flores Airport to the international Airport of Manaus-Eduardo Gomes. Shortly after take off from a 860 metres long runway, the single engine aircraft did not gain sufficient altitude. It hit an electric pole and stalled before crashing in a wooded area near the airport. The pilot, sole occupant, was killed. The aircraft owned by CTA - Cleiton Taxi Aéreo was destroyed by impact forces.

Crash of an Embraer EMB-110P1 Bandeirante in Santo Antônio do Içá: 24 killed

Date & Time: Feb 7, 2009 at 1324 LT
Operator:
Registration:
PT-SEA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Coari - Manaus
MSN:
110-352
YOM:
1981
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
26
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
24
Captain / Total flying hours:
18870
Captain / Total hours on type:
7795.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1011
Copilot / Total hours on type:
635
Aircraft flight hours:
12686
Circumstances:
While flying at FL115 to Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport, crew informed ATC that left engine failed and elected to divert to the unused aerodrome of Manacapuru. While approaching runway 08, aircraft banked left and crashed in the river. 24 people were killed while 4 passengers were seriously injured. The EMB-110 is normally certified to carry 19 passengers maximum.
Probable cause:
It appears that the max takeoff weight on the EMB110 is 5,670 kg and that the total weight was 6,414 kg at takeoff from Coari. On board the aircraft was 19 seats but crew allowed 26 pax to embark, among them 8 children. Left engine failed en route.
Final Report:

Crash of an Embraer EMB-110P1 Bandeirante in Coari

Date & Time: Apr 21, 2008 at 1200 LT
Operator:
Registration:
PT-OCV
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus-Carauari
MSN:
110-359
YOM:
1981
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
12
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:

Enroute, crew informed ATC about an engine problem and diverted to Coari airport. On landing, the aircraft slid off the runway, lost its undercarriage and came to rest on its belly. All occupants escaped uninjured but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Boeing 707-330C in Manaus

Date & Time: Oct 23, 2004 at 0840 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PP-BSE
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Manaus – São Paulo
MSN:
19317
YOM:
1967
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
9487
Captain / Total hours on type:
6600.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
14180
Copilot / Total hours on type:
3180
Aircraft flight hours:
95933
Circumstances:
Ready for takeoff on runway 10 at Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport, the crew released brakes and increased engine power when a loud noise was heard coming from the right side of the aircraft. The captain decided to reject takeoff and applied brakes when the aircraft started to deviate to the right. It veered off runway and came to rest. All three crew members escaped uninjured while the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair after the right main gear punctured the wing.
Probable cause:
The right main gear collapsed during takeoff following a structural failure caused by the presence of fatigue cracks that were not detected by the maintenance crew because of poor maintenance. The aircraft already suffered an accident in Guarulhos Airport, causing damages to the right main gear.
Final Report:

Crash of an Embraer EMB-120ER Brasília near Manaus: 33 killed

Date & Time: May 14, 2004 at 1835 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-WRO
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
São Paulo de Olivença – Tabatinga – Tefé – Manaus
MSN:
120-070
YOM:
1988
Flight number:
RLE4815
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
30
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
33
Captain / Total flying hours:
19069
Captain / Total hours on type:
5819.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
11927
Copilot / Total hours on type:
4637
Circumstances:
While descending to Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport following an uneventful flight from Tefé, the aircraft was correctly established on the ILS when the crew was instructed by ATC to initiate a go-around and to follow a holding pattern as the priority was given to an ambulance flight. The crew made a left turn heading 060° and continued the descent after passing 2,000 feet when the aircraft struck the ground and crashed about 33 km from the airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 33 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain after the crew continued the descent below 2,000 feet until the aircraft impacted ground. The following contributing factors were identified:
- The crew reported his altitude at 2,000 feet while the real altitude of the airplane was 1,300 feet,
- The crew continued the descent until final impact,
- The crew did not react to the GPWS alarm that sounded four times when the aircraft reached the altitude of 400 feet,
- No corrective action was taken by the crew,
- Lack of crew coordination,
- Poor approach planning that led the aircraft descending to a critical altitude,
- Lack of supervision,
- Operational deficiencies.
Final Report:

Ground accident of an Embraer EMB-120RT Brasília in Manaus

Date & Time: Aug 13, 2002 at 1225 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
PT-WGE
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Humaitá – Manaus
MSN:
120-004
YOM:
1986
Flight number:
RLE4847
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
22
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13474
Captain / Total hours on type:
518.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4110
Copilot / Total hours on type:
3660
Aircraft flight hours:
26756
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Humaitá, the crew completed the landing at Manaus-Eduardo Gomes Airport. After taxi, the crew was approaching the apron when he feathered the propellers and applied the brakes as they wanted to stop the aircraft. There was no deceleration despite both crew applied brakes. The copilot suggested to use reverse thrust but this was not possible as the propellers were already feathered. Out of control, the aircraft struck a brick building, damaging the left engine, and the right landing gear fell into a drainage ditch, approximately one meter deep. All 25 occupants evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The following factors were identified:
- The crew did not have sufficient training to enable the desired assertiveness for the correct use of aircraft resources, which would probably have prevented the accident, since, instead of applying the emergency brake, they applied reverse with the feathered props, contrary to the procedure provided for in the Aircraft Manual.
- The maintenance services were not efficient, as they did not comply with the Aircraft Maintenance Manual in relation to the dimensional adjustment of the Hub Cap Drive Clips' drive clips, and the Service Bulletin incorporated stickers to the outer doors of the main landing gear, as a reminder to the mechanic to check the clearances.
- The copilot failed to apply the reverse pitch on the propellers as they were feathered, and at that moment the emergency brake should be commanded to brake the aircraft.
- The company failed to adequately check the execution of the actions provided for in the Aircraft Maintenance Manual regarding the 'Antiskid' system and to verify the application of all service bulletins issued by the manufacturer.
Final Report:

Crash of an Embraer EMB-110P1 Bandeirante in Envira

Date & Time: Jan 31, 2000 at 1030 LT
Operator:
Registration:
PP-EAM
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Tefé - Eirunepé
MSN:
110-498
YOM:
1990
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
17
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
4800
Captain / Total hours on type:
4000.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2000
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1600
Circumstances:
En route from Tefé to Eirunépé, weather conditions deteriorated and the crew decided to divert to the non controlled Envira Airport. Following a visual approach in heavy rain falls, the aircraft landed 500 metres past the runway threshold. After touchdown, the crew started the braking procedure but the aircraft encountered aquaplaning conditions and was unable to stop within the remaining distance. It overran and came to rest 100 metres further in a ravine. The captain was seriously injured, the copilot suffered minor injuries and all 16 passengers escaped uninjured.
Probable cause:
The aircraft suffered aquaplaning after landing and was unable to stop within the remaining distance. The following contributing factors were identified:
- The operator authorized the crew to divert to an unapproved airport with an aircraft weighing more than the limits specified in the operations manual without performing adequate supervision in the execution of the flight;
- Deviations on part of the crew;
- Lack of Crew Resources Management;
- Lack of crew coordination and communication;
- Lack of crew instruction and training on part of the operator;
- Poor weather conditions with heavy rain falls;
- The runway surface was wet and the aircraft suffered aquaplaning;
- The aircraft was overloaded;
- The landing was completed with a tailwind component;
- The crew failed to perform the approach briefing according to published procedures.
Final Report: