Crash of a Boeing 727-277 in Lagos

Date & Time: Sep 7, 2006 at 1305 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
ZS-DPF
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Abidjan - Accra - Lagos
MSN:
22644/1768
YOM:
1981
Flight number:
DHL110
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
17295
Captain / Total hours on type:
7820.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2972
Copilot / Total hours on type:
2422
Aircraft flight hours:
52728
Aircraft flight cycles:
34063
Circumstances:
On the day of the accident, Flight DV110 routing was Abidjan – Accra - Lagos. It departed Abidjan at 1015 hrs for Lagos via Accra. The aircraft finally departed Accra for Lagos at 1145 hrs with a total declared cargo weight of 50014 lbs (22733 kgs). The aircraft contacted Lagos Area Control at 1242 hrs, while maintaining FL 210 (21, 000ft) and was given an in-bound clearance to Lagos VOR (LAG) for ILS approach on runway 18L. At 1252 hrs, Lagos Approach cleared it to FL050 (5,000 feet) and at 12 NM, it was further cleared down to 3500ft on QNH 1013 hpa, and finally to 2,200 feet and to report established on the ILS. At 4 NM to the runway, the aircraft reported fully established on the ILS and was handed over to Control Tower for landing instructions. At 1303 hrs and 2 NM to the runway, the aircraft was cleared to land on runway 18L but to exercise caution, as the runway surface was wet. The cloud was low; the Captain said in his statement that the cloud base was about 100 feet above minimum. Speci weather was also available to the crew. The pilot was advised to exercise caution due to the rain and the weather at that time. In spite of all the warnings the copilot was still allowed to proceed with the landing. At the point of touch down the captain observed that it was impossible to stop on the runway and he called for a go-around. The procedure was not properly executed and thus the aircraft overshot the runway 400m into the grass area. There was no fire outbreak and no injury was sustained by any of the crew members. There was serious damage to the aircraft.
Probable cause:
Causal Factor:
The decision of the crew to continue an unstabilised approach despite the prevailing adverse weather condition.
Contributory Factors:
- The captain did not take over the control of the flight from the first officer in the known bad weather situation,
- The crew resource management was inadequate.
Final Report:

Crash of a Fokker F27 Friendship 600 in Accra: 7 killed

Date & Time: Jun 5, 2000 at 1135 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G524
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Tamale - Accra
MSN:
10535
YOM:
1976
Flight number:
GH200
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
10
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
44
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a schedule service (flight GH200) from Tamale to Accra on behalf of the Ghana Air Force. On final approach to Accra-kotoka Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with limited visibility due to heavy rain falls. In a nose down attitude, the aircraft landed hard on runway 21, nose first. Upon impact, the aircraft broke in two and came to rest. Seven passengers were killed while several others were injured, some seriously.

Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain in Accra

Date & Time: Dec 12, 1998
Operator:
Registration:
9G-BCM
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
31-7652023
YOM:
1976
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances 13 km from Accra-Kotoka Airport. All five occupants were injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-51 in Abidjan

Date & Time: Apr 12, 1997 at 1350 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9G-ACM
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Accra - Abidjan
MSN:
47755
YOM:
1978
Flight number:
GH560
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
97
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Accra-Kotoka Airport, the crew started the descent to Abidjan-Félix Houphouët-Boigny Airport in poor weather conditions. Due to heavy rain falls, the horizontal visibility did not exceed 2 km and on final, the captain decided to initiate a go-around procedure. Few minutes later, the crew started a second approach to runway 21, established on the ILS but continued the approach above the glide. This caused the aircraft to land 900 metres past the runway threshold. On a wet runway surface, the aircraft skidded and veered off runway to the left. While contacting soft ground, the aircraft lost its undercarriage and came to rest 1,800 metres past the runway threshold. All 104 occupants were evacuated, among them three passengers were slightly injured. At the time of the accident, weather conditions were poor with heavy rain falls and wind from 110 gusting at 25 knots.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-31 in Monrovia

Date & Time: Jul 26, 1995
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5N-BBA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Kano – Lagos – Accra – Monrovia
MSN:
47217
YOM:
1968
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
82
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The approach to Monrovia-James Spriggs Payne Airport was completed in poor weather conditions with a visibility limited due to heavy rain falls. On final, the aircraft struck the ground short of runway threshold, causing the undercarriage to be torn off. The aircraft slid on its belly for about 500 metres before coming to rest on the runway. All 91 occupants evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
In poor weather conditions, the crew continued the approach below the minimum safe altitude until the aircraft impacted terrain short of runway threshold. The lack of visibility caused by the heavy rain falls remains a contributing factor, but the crew should have made the decision to initiate a go-around procedure since the landing was obviously missed.

Crash of a Britten-Norman BN-2A-26 Islander in Accra

Date & Time: Dec 13, 1985
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TN-AEQ
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
2147
YOM:
1983
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed on landing for unknown reasons. There were no casualties.

Ground explosion of a Boeing 707-336C in Accra

Date & Time: Sep 25, 1983
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
5N-ARO
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lagos - Accra
MSN:
18924
YOM:
1965
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following a normal landing at Accra-Kotoka Airport, the crew vacated the runway and the aircraft was taxiing to his parking position when an explosion occurred. The aircraft caught fire and was stopped on the taxiway. All four crew members escaped with minor injuries while the aircraft was partially destroyed.
Probable cause:
An incendiary device with a slow burning fuse was found in the cargo compartment.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Fellowship 2000 in Accra

Date & Time: Mar 11, 1981
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9G-ACA
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Accra - Accra
MSN:
11077
YOM:
1973
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
7067
Aircraft flight cycles:
12677
Circumstances:
The crew was completing a local training at Accra-Kotoka Airport. For unknown reasons, the airplane landed hard and upon touchdown, the undercarriage were torn off. The airplane then slid on its belly before coming to rest on runway. While both pilots were uninjured, the F28 was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Avro 748-2A-254 in Accra

Date & Time: Jan 22, 1971
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9G-ABW
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Accra - Accra
MSN:
1685
YOM:
1970
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Three pilots were engaged in a local training flight at Accra-Kotoka Airport. On final approach, at an altitude of 150 feet, the left engine was voluntarily shut down to simulate a failure when control was lost. The airplane banked left, struck trees and crashed few hundred yards short of runway. All three crew members were injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Loss of control after the left propelle was not feathered but the blades moved to fine pitch. It was determined that the pilot failed to place the left High Pressure cock lever in the full off position.