Country
code

South Kazakhstan

Crash of an Antonov AN-72 in Shymkent: 27 killed

Date & Time: Dec 25, 2012 at 1854 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
UP-72859
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Astana - Shymkent
MSN:
36576092859
YOM:
1990
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
20
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
27
Circumstances:
Aircraft was completing a flight on behalf of the Kazakh Border Guard Corp. While approaching Shymkent in low visibility due to the night and heavy snow falls, aircraft hit a mountain slope located 21 km from the airport and was destroyed by impact forces. All 27 occupants were killed, among them Tourganbek Stambekov, the chief of Kazakh Customs. It appears that the automatic pilot system failed shortly after take off from Astana but captain decided to continue the flight. Two minutes and forty seconds later, the radio altimeter failed as well and the crew continued the flight, referring to the barometric altimeter. But these suffered a momentary failure nineteen minutes later and several differences were observed with the altitude parameters. During the descent to Shymkent in poor weather conditions, the captain failed to set the correct pressure in the barometric altimeter so the parameter he was taking for reference was wrong. At the time of the accident, the aircraft was 385 meters too low and as a result, the Board concluded that the accident was the consequence of a controlled flight into terrain (CFIT).
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT).

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 near Shardara: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jul 18, 1976 at 1940 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-03504
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
1G46-13
YOM:
1964
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Aircraft flight hours:
7967
Aircraft flight cycles:
26952
Circumstances:
The crew was engaged in a crop spraying mission for the sovkhoz of 'Lenin' located about 45 km from Shardara, south Kazakhstan. The goal of the flight was to spray insecticides on cotton plantations. After takeoff, the engine was not running properly and the crew encountered difficulties to gain sufficient height. The airplane passed over trees at a speed lower than 120 km/h then struck the tops of poplars (30 metres high) located 2,190 metres from the departure point. The airplane stalled and crashed 35 metres further. The captain was killed instantly and the copilot, injured but stuck in the cockpit, asked for help when the engine caught fire about 3-5 minutes later. The aircraft was destroyed by fire and the copilot died.
Probable cause:
Two valves obstructed by calamine caused the engine to lose power and the aircraft to lose speed. The following contributing factors were reported:
- Aircraft usage in a dusty environment,
- High OAT,
- Poor fuel quality.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 in Shymkent

Date & Time: Aug 6, 1974
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-01362
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
MSN:
1G45-11
YOM:
1964
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances in the region of Shymkent. There were no injuries but the aircraft was written off.
Probable cause:
Without any details, it was reported the accident was the consequence of a pilot error.