Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-28 in Mezhdurechenskoye: 5 killed

Date & Time: Oct 4, 2017 at 1853 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UP-A2807
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Almaty - Shymkent
MSN:
1AJ007-14
YOM:
1990
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Captain / Total flying hours:
12000
Captain / Total hours on type:
2930.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
486
Copilot / Total hours on type:
110
Aircraft flight hours:
3631
Aircraft flight cycles:
3197
Circumstances:
The twine engine airplane departed Almaty Airport at 1835LT on an ambulance flight to Shymkent, carrying two doctors, two pilots and one flight mechanic. About 22 minutes into the flight, while cruising by night and poor weather conditions, the crew encountered an unexpected situation and was forced to shut down the right engine. Shortly later, the aircraft crashed near the village of Mezhdurechenskoye, some 28 km northwest of Almaty Airport, bursting into flames. The aircraft was totally destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all five occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The probable cause of the accident was the shut down of the right engine and then the left engine, possibly due to a faulty shut down on part of the crew. In the course of the subsequent emergency descent due to complete loss of power of the engines with no radio communication with air traffic controllers, as well as possibly due to the resulting confusion and nervousness, the crew unintentionally forgot to switch the pressure value on the mechanical barometric altimeter of the aircraft to the pressure on the landing airfield (704 mm Hg), leaving the pressure value of 760 mm Hg, which led to incorrect readings of true altitude of the flight. Subsequently, the crew was able to start the engines and attempt to make a forced landing at a distance of 28 km from the airfield of Almaty at night in poor weather conditions in an unlit area. Incorrect readings on the barometric altimeter of the true flight altitude (the radio altimeter showed 750 m) resulted in the aircraft colliding with a power line, causing a fire, as well as colliding with the ground, as a result of which the aircraft structure completely collapsed and burned down.
Final Report:

Crash of an Antonov AN-72 in Shymkent: 27 killed

Date & Time: Dec 25, 2012 at 1854 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
UP-72859
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Astana - Shymkent
MSN:
36576092859
YOM:
1990
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
20
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
27
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a flight on behalf of the Kazakh Border Guard Corp. While approaching Shymkent in low visibility due to the night and heavy snow falls, the aircraft hit a mountain slope located 21 km from the airport and was destroyed by impact forces. All 27 occupants were killed, among them Tourganbek Stambekov, Chief of the Kazakhtan Border Guards. It appears that the automatic pilot system failed shortly after take off from Astana and the captain decided to continue the flight. Two minutes and 40 seconds later, the radio altimeter failed as well and the crew continued the flight, referring to the barometric altimeter. But these suffered a momentary failure 19 minutes later and several differences were observed with the altitude parameters. During the descent to Shymkent in poor weather conditions, the captain failed to set the correct pressure in the barometric altimeters so the setting he was taking for reference was wrong. At the time of the accident, the aircraft was 385 meters too low and as a result, the Board concluded that the accident was the consequence of a controlled flight into terrain (CFIT).
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain (CFIT).

Crash of an Ilyushin II-76TD in Charkhi Dadri: 37 killed

Date & Time: Nov 12, 1996 at 1840 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UN-76435
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Shymkent - New Delhi
MSN:
10234 13428
YOM:
1992
Flight number:
KZA1907
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
10
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
27
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
37
Captain / Total flying hours:
9229
Captain / Total hours on type:
1488.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
6822
Copilot / Total hours on type:
409
Aircraft flight hours:
2643
Circumstances:
The Ilyushin II-76TD departed Shymkent Airport on a regular schedule service (flight KZA1907) to New Delhi-Indira Gandhi, carrying 27 passengers and 10 crew members. Following an uneventful flight, the crew was cleared to start the descent to New Delhi via route G452 and was instructed to maintain FL150. At 1833LT, a Boeing 747-168B operated by Saudi Arabian Airlines (Saudia) departed New Delhi-Indira Gandhi Airport on a flight to Jeddah (flight SV763) with an intermediate stop in Dhahran, carrying 289 passengers and 23 crew members. After takeoff, its crew was instructed to climb to FL140 via the same route G452. For unknown reasons, the Kazair crew continued the descent below FL150 until both aircraft faced each other and collided at 1840LT at FL140, seven minutes after the B747 takeoff. After the collision, both aircraft entered an uncontrolled descent and crashed in an open field located about 3 km Charkhi Dadri, some 80 km west of New Delhi-Indira Gandhi Airport. Both aircraft were destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all 349 occupants in both aircraft were killed.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the collision was the consequence of the failure of the Kazair crew to follow the assigned altitude of 15,000 feet while approaching New Delhi. The crew of the Kazair II-76 was instructed by ATC to continue the descent to Indira Gandhi Airport via the same route G452 but at an altitude of 15,000 feet (14,000 feet for the Saudia B747). For unknown reasons, the Kazair crew continued the descent below FL150 without clearance until both aircraft faced each other and collided. During the minutes preceding the accident, both Kazair and Saudia crew have been informed by ATC about other traffic.
Final Report:

Crash of an Antonov AN-24B in Shymkent

Date & Time: Nov 1, 1995
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UN-47710
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Shymkent - Shymkent
MSN:
6 99 004 05
YOM:
1966
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was completing a local training flight at Shymkent Airport. On approach, at an altitude of about 300 metres, the instructor shut down one engine to simulate a failure. The pilot-in-command requested full power on the remaining engine but the flight engineer misinterpreted the instruction and shut down the second engine. The aircraft lost speed and height and struck the ground with a positive acceleration of 2,6 g before coming to rest in a field 1,100 metres short of runway threshold. All four occupants were injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Loss of control on final approach due to lack of crew coordination during an engine failure simulation.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 near Shymkent: 1 killed

Date & Time: Sep 8, 1985
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-32071
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1G92-27
YOM:
1968
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a spraying mission for a local State farm located in the region of Shymkent. While cruising at low level, the crew encountered technical problems as the chemical products could not be sprayed properly. The crew focused on the problem and failed to realize that the aircraft lost altitude and crashed in a field. A pilot was killed and another was injured.
Probable cause:
The crew initiated a crop spraying mission knowing that some equipments were not functioning properly.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 in Shimkent

Date & Time: Sep 28, 1982
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-44628
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1G87-05
YOM:
1967
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed on landing for unknown reasons. There were no casualties.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 in Shymkent

Date & Time: Jul 30, 1981
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-07422
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1G150-57
YOM:
1973
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
At liftoff, the airplane stalled and crashed after the pilot mistakenly shut down the engine. There were no casualties.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 in Shymkent

Date & Time: Aug 6, 1974
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-01362
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1G45-11
YOM:
1964
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances in the region of Shymkent. There were no injuries but the aircraft was written off.
Probable cause:
Without any details, it was reported the accident was the consequence of a pilot error.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 near Shieli: 13 killed

Date & Time: Feb 6, 1973 at 1610 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-70737
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Kyzymshek – Shulakkurgan – Shymkent
MSN:
1G130-38
YOM:
1971
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
11
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
13
Circumstances:
The airplane was completing a flight from Kyzymshek to Shymkent with an intermediate stop in Shulakkurgan. Prior to leave Shulakkurgan, the crew was informed about the poor weather conditions en route and the captain request for another itinerary. He was cleared by ATC to take another route to the west but few minutes after takeoff, the crew encountered poor weather conditions and failed to return. While cruising in low clouds and rain showers, the single engine airplane struck the slope of a mountain at an altitude of 454 meters and located in the Karamuryn Mountain Range. As the airplane failed to arrive at destination, SAR operations were conducted and the burnt wreckage was found two days later about 35 km northeast of Shieli. All 13 occupants have been killed.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of a controlled flight into terrain in below-minima weather conditions. The captain decided to conduct the flight in poor weather conditions and failed to return, violating all procedures in place. ATC cleared the crew to take another route to the west which was also irresponsible and the meteorologist published bulletins with inaccurate information as weather conditions were worse than predicted. Mismanagement of flight, poor organization of operations and poor decisions made by the various actors involved in the organization of the flight were considered as contributing factors.