Crash of an Airspeed AS.57 Ambassador 2 in Düsseldorf

Date & Time: Apr 8, 1955
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AMAB
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Düsseldorf – London
MSN:
5224
YOM:
1951
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
47
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
About six minutes after takeoff from Düsseldorf-Lohausen Airport, while in initial climb, the crew reported engine problems and received the permission to return. At this time, it appears that the left engine went into reverse. After completing a circuit, the pilot continued the approach at low height and in poor weather conditions when high tension wires forced him to gain height. He increased power on the right engine but the aircraft stalled and hit the ground with its left wing that was severely bent and partially sheared off. Upon impact, the left engine was sheared off and the airplane came to rest in a muddy field located few km from the airport. All 53 occupants were evacuated and only the crew was slightly injured. The aircraft was written off.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the accident was due to:
- the propeller of the left-hand engine going into brake position during climb. The technical reason for this occurrence so far has not been found,
- the weather which made the approach rather difficult. In good weather conditions the landing would probably have been successful.

Crash of a Grumman G-73 Mallard in London

Date & Time: Jan 14, 1955
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
CF-GEU
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
J-33
YOM:
1947
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from London Airport, the crew reported severe icing conditions. The captain elected to make an emergency landing and the aircraft crash landed in Crumlin, near the airfield. There were no casualties but the aircraft was written off.

Crash of a Boeing 377-10-28 Stratocruiser in Prestwick: 28 killed

Date & Time: Dec 25, 1954 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-ALSA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
London – Prestwick – Shannon – Gander – New York
MSN:
15943
YOM:
1949
Region:
Crew on board:
11
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
25
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
28
Circumstances:
The flight from London to Prestwick was uneventful. Throughout the flight the captain kept in touch with the weather conditions and Prestwick Approach Control received the aircraft about 0248 hours. Preceding the aircraft by approximately four minutes in arrival at Prestwick was a Constellation, and these two aircraft were fed into the stack at Prestwick; the Constellation at 4 000 feet and the Stratocruiser at 5 000 feet. The runway to be used was Runway 31 which required the approach to be made from the southeast. The Instrument Landing System (hereinafter called ILS) without the Glide Path and the Ground Control Approach system (hereinafter called GCA) were available on Runway 31. G. C.A. took over the Stratocruiser about 0314 hours and at 0323 hours the talk-down controller 'took over the aircraft. Meantime Meteorological Reports had been passing from ground to air. The talk-down was completed at 0325 hours when the aircraft was 400 yards from the threshold of Runway 31. The approach up to this point had been high but uneventful. A few seconds later the aircraft struck the ground 127 feet short of the threshold of Runway 31, sustaining some damage. It then ran on to the runway and proceeded for some 90 feet where it was again airborne for another 400 feet. It then contacted the runway and sustained considerable damage, and came to rest with the passenger compartment in an inverted position on the south side of the runway about 550 yards from the threshold. Except for the front portion of the fuselage which lay on its port side, severe damage resulted from fire which broke out and spread rapidly, due probably to the partial detachment of the port wing and rupture of the fuel tanks. From the accident there survived seven of the crew and one passenger.
Probable cause:
The accident was the result of errors of judgment on the part of the captain in:
- starting his final approach to land at too steep an angle and,
- flaring out too late and too severely with the result that the aircraft sank and hit the ground short of the runway. During the flare out the aircraft passed through low cloud, thus reducing the captain's visibility. The accident was also contributed to by the failure of the first officer to carry out the order of the captain to put on the landing lights which prevented the captain from observing timeously the low cloud over the approach lights.
Final Report:

Crash of a Vickers 610 Viking 1B in Nuremberg

Date & Time: Dec 20, 1953
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AHPO
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
London – Nuremberg
MSN:
157
YOM:
1947
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
9
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The final approach to Nuremberg Airport was completed in marginal weather conditions with a visibility below minima. After touchdown on runway 10, the twin engine aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining distance, overran and came to rest near a road. All 11 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the accident was caused by a wrong approach configuration on part of the crew who completed the approach in poor weather conditions, reducing the visibility below minima. The aircraft landed too far down the runway, reducing the landing distance available. In such conditions, it was unable to stop within the remaining distance available.

Crash of a Vickers 610 Viking 1B in Paris

Date & Time: Aug 12, 1953
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AIVG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Paris – London
MSN:
220
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
30
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll at Paris-Le Bourget Airport, a tire burst on one of the main gear. As the decision speed was reached, the crew continued the takeoff procedure and started the rotation. During initial climb, the captain encountered vibrations and informed ATC about the situation. He decided to return and completed a belly landing. On touchdown, the aircraft slid for dozen yards, veered off runway to the right and came to rest in a grassy area. All 34 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
It was determined that a tire burst on one of the main landing gear during the takeoff procedure.

Crash of an Avro 685 York C.1 near Potsdam: 1 killed

Date & Time: Aug 24, 1952
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AGNZ
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Berlin – London
MSN:
1227
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll, the rpm on engine number one fluctuated. The pilot-in-command continued the takeoff procedure and after rotation, during the initial climb, he shut down the engine and feathered the propeller. The crew informed ATC about his situation and elected to return to Gatow Airport when the engine number one caught fire. The situation worsened rapidly and the captain eventually decided to attempt an emergency landing in a field located north of Potsdam when the aircraft crashed. A crew member was killed while two others were injured.
Probable cause:
Fire on engine number one.

Crash of a SNCASE SE.161 Languedoc in Paris

Date & Time: Apr 7, 1952
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-BATB
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Paris – London
MSN:
02
YOM:
1945
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
18
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During takeoff run, the four engine aircraft skidded and went out of control. It veered off runway, lost its undercarriage and came to rest in a grassy area. All 23 occupants were evacuated safely while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Avro 685 York I in Hamburg

Date & Time: Mar 11, 1952
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AMGL
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
London – Hamburg
MSN:
1354
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
7
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On final approach to Hamburg-Fuhlbüttel Airport, all four engine failed simultaneously. The aircraft lost speed, height and eventually crash landed in a field short of runway. All ten occupants were quickly rescued while the aircraft was written off.
Probable cause:
Failure of all four engines due to a fuel exhaustion on final approach.

Crash of an Avro 652A Anson I in Brussels

Date & Time: Feb 17, 1952 at 0620 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-ALFD
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
London – Brussels
YOM:
1948
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
On final approach to Brussels-Zaventem Airport, the crew decided to reduce his altitude to maintain a visual contact with the ground due to foggy conditions when the twin engine aircraft hit a telephone pole and crashed on a house located about 100 meters from the approach path. Both crew members who were performing a cargo flight from London with newspapers on board were injured. Nobody on ground was hurt.

Crash of an Avro 652 Anson I in Dammartin-en-Goële

Date & Time: Feb 10, 1950
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AJBA
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
London – Paris
MSN:
AX409
YOM:
1947
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a cargo flight from London to Paris, carrying a load of newspapers. On approach to Le Bourget Airport, and engine caught fire. The crew elected to make an emergency landing when the aircraft crash landed and came to rest in flames in a field located in Dammartin-en-Goële. Both occupants were slightly injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Engine fire.