Country
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Berlin

Crash of a Douglas DC-3 in Berlin, Germany

Date & Time: Jun 19, 2010 at 1447 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
D-CXXX
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Berlin-Berlin
MSN:
16124/32872
YOM:
1944
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
25
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Aircraft was performing a special trip of 35 minutes around Berlin with tourists on board. Shortly after take off, pilots encountered technical problems with right engine and elected to make an emergency landing. Aircraft crashed on airport boundary fence and came to rest on its belly with its right wing partially sheared off. All 28 occupants escaped uninjured. Aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-62M in Berlin: 21 killed

Date & Time: Jun 17, 1989 at 0628 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
DDR-SEW
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Berlin - Moscow
MSN:
2850324
YOM:
1988
Flight number:
IF102
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
10
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
103
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
21
Captain / Total flying hours:
7796
Copilot / Total flying hours:
8947
Aircraft flight hours:
1939
Aircraft flight cycles:
546
Circumstances:
Interflug flight 102, an Ilyushin Il-62M, was destroyed following a runway excursion accident on takeoff from Berlin-Schönefeld Airport, East Germany. Of the 113 occupants, 21 were killed. At 06:20 hours local time the engines were started. Immediately thereafter, the flight control surfaces were unlocked, a process which, according to the cockpit voice recorder, was not completed. The crew did not carry out the necessary check of the warning panel on the condition of the elevator. While taxiing for departure, the captain checked for the second time the movement of the elevators but failed to notice they were locked. The aircraft was cleared for takeoff from runway 25L and the engines were adjusted to rated power due to the low take-off mass of 113 tons. At 06:28:05 the aircraft reached VR. The captain pulled the control column during VR, but the aircraft did not respond. Four seconds later he called out to abort the takeoff. At this time the aircraft had attained a speed of 293 km/h. Instead of using reverse thrust, the flight engineer shut down all four engines. The speed at this time was 303 km/h and the remaining distance to the end of the runway was about 940 meters. The aircraft rolled over the end of the runway at a speed of 262 km/h and slightly to the left of the centerline. During the emergency braking five tires of the main landing gear had been destroyed. The airaft crossed an excavation pit of 40 cm deep, causing the the right main landing gear to collapse. It then collided with a water tank, concrete piles of the airport fence, a road embankment and six trees. At 06:28:37 the aircraft came to rest and burst into flames. Within two minutes, 82 passengers could be rescued alive from the fuselage, which had been broken into three parts. All 10 crew members survived.
Probable cause:
Investigations were unable to determine the exact cause of the accident. A technical problem with rudder controls or components could not be excluded and an error on part of the flying crew could not be proven.

Crash of a Tupolev TU-134A in Berlin: 72 killed

Date & Time: Dec 12, 1986 at 1800 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CCCP-65795
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Minsk - Prague - Berlin
MSN:
63145
YOM:
1980
Flight number:
SU892
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
73
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
72
Aircraft flight hours:
12658
Aircraft flight cycles:
8482
Circumstances:
Originally, flight SU892 was a direct service from Minsk to Berlin but due to poor weather at Berlin, the flight was diverted to the alternate Airport of Prague-Ruzyne. Following an uneventful flight from Prague, the crew started the descent to Berlin-Schönefeld Airport. At that time, weather conditions were marginal with limited visibility to 900 meters and a ceiling down to 60 meters. After the crew was cleared for an ILS approach to runway 25L, ATC turned on the runway 25R lighting system while informing all crews that runway 25R was closed to traffic due to work in progress. These transmissions being done in english, a misinterpretation of the situation conducted the crew to continue the approach to runway 25R. On short final, ATC realized the wrong position of the aircraft and instructed the crew to make a left turn to reach the runway 25L approach path. With flaps down at 38° and at a speed of 263 km/h, the captain initiated a left turn and descended below the glide. With a rate of descent of 7 meters per second, the aircraft struck tree tops then stalled and crashed in a wooded area located 3 km short of runway threshold, bursting into flames. Twelve passengers were seriously injured while 70 other people were killed. Two weeks later, two of the survivors died from their injuries.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the instructions transmitted by ATC on short final were unexpected by the flight crew who took wrong decisions. Because another aircraft of the Hungarian national carrier Malev was also approaching Berlin Airport, ATC messages were transmitted in english on the frequency, and certain elements of the different messages were misinterpreted by the different members of the Soviet crew. On this point, the following contributing factors were reported:
- Lack of crew coordination,
- Absence of cross checks and mutual controls in the various actions,
- Difficulties to understand the english phraseology,
- Lack of knowledge and experience in applying the rules related to radio transmission during international flights.
Considering the situation, the captain should have taken the decision to initiate a go-around procedure, all safety conditions being clearly not met.

Crash of a Tupolev TU-134A in Berlin

Date & Time: Nov 22, 1977 at 1032 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
DM-SCM
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Moscow - Berlin
MSN:
3 35 19 04
YOM:
1973
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
69
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The approach to Berlin-Schönefeld Airport runway 25L was completed with the autopilot activated. At a height of 120 meters, the crew was supposed to switch off the autopilot but the captain decided to continue in such configuration, using elevator to counter the autopilot. During the last segment, the rate of descent increased to 6-8 meters per second when the airplane struck the runway surface. Upon impact, the left wing was torn off. Out of control, the airplane veered off runway and came to rest upside down in a grassy area, about 400 meters from the initial impact. All 74 occupants were evacuated, eight of them were seriously injured. The aircraft was destroyed.
Photos via www.interflug.biz
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the flying crew who completed the final approach with the autopilot activated and an excessive rate of descent.

Crash of a Tupolev TU-134 in Berlin

Date & Time: Oct 30, 1972
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
DM-SCA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Leipzig - Kraków
MSN:
8 35 05 02
YOM:
1968
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Few minutes after takeoff from Leipzig-Halle Airport, en route to Kraków, Poland, the pilot informed ATC about technical problems and was cleared to divert to Berlin-Schönefeld Airport. The airplane landed hard on runway 25L and after touchdown, was unable to stop within the remaining distance. It overran and came to rest. There were no casualties but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-14P in Berlin

Date & Time: Oct 24, 1968
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
DM-SAI
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Berlin - Berlin
MSN:
14 803 023
YOM:
1958
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was completing a local training flight at Berlin-Schönefeld Airport when an unidentified technical problems occurred in flight and forced the crew to attempt an emergency landing. The aircraft crash landed and came to rest in flames. While all three crew members escaped uninjured, the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Boeing 727-21 near Berlin: 3 killed

Date & Time: Nov 15, 1966 at 0242 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N317PA
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Frankfurt - Berlin
MSN:
18995
YOM:
1966
Flight number:
PA708
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
14212
Captain / Total hours on type:
58.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
17542
Copilot / Total hours on type:
32
Aircraft flight hours:
1804
Circumstances:
Pan Am's scheduled cargo flight 708 from Frankfurt to Berlin usually lands at Tempelhof Airport. However because of resurfacing of the runways at Tempelhof, Pan Am operated in and out of Tegel Airport since the evening of November 13th. Flight 708 departed Frankfurt at 02:04 and climbed to the cruising altitude of FL90. At 02:35 the flight reported leaving this altitude for FL30. Three minutes later Berlin Control cleared the flight to "turn left heading zero three zero, descend and maintain two thousand". When 6,5 miles from the Outer Marker, the controller cleared the flight to "turn right heading zero six zero cleared ILS runway eight right approach". Immediately after the acknowledgment from the flight crew, the aircraft struck the ground and crashed about 10 miles from the airport in the Soviet occupation zone. Weather was poor with 2,6 km visibility in snow; cloud coverage 3/8 at 500 feet and overcast a 600 feet with a temperature of -1deg C. The Soviet authorities returned about 50 percent of the wreckage. Some major components were not returned which included the flight data and cockpit voice recorders, flight control systems, navigation and communication equipment.
Probable cause:
The descent of the flight below its altitude clearance limit, but the Board has been unable to determine the cause of such descent.
Final Report:

Crash of an Ilyushin II-12 in Berlin: 3 killed

Date & Time: Apr 26, 1956
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Moscow – Warsaw – Berlin
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
While approaching Berlin-Schönefeld Airport, the airplane was too low and struck the top of the Bohnsdorf church, crashed and burst into flames three km from the airfield. Three crew members were killed and three others were injured. For undetermined reason, the crew was approaching the airport at an insufficient altitude.

Crash of a Beechcraft UC-45H Expeditor in Berlin-Tegel: 7 killed

Date & Time: Feb 17, 1953 at 2100 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
F-RAEG
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Berlin – Frankfurt – Paris
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
Two takeoff attempts were aborted for unknown reason. After the third takeoff roll, while in initial climb, the pilot informed ground about an engine failure and elected to return for an emergency landing. While completing a last turn to the right to reach the approach path, the aircraft banked right, stalled and crashed in flames in a wooded area located two km short of runway threshold. The aircraft was destroyed upon impact and all seven occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The VHF radio analysis failed to determine the cause of the steep turn to the right during the initial climb, steep turn that was confirmed by eye witnesses and by the exam of the debris at the point of impact. It is believed that the aircraft banked right down to an angle of 90° before impacting terrain, most probably following an engine failure.

Crash of a Bristol 170 Freighter 21 in Berlin

Date & Time: Jan 19, 1953
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
G-AICM
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Northolt – Berlin
MSN:
12756
YOM:
1946
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was performing a cargo flight from Northolt to Berlin-Tempelhof and the approach was completed in low visibility due to foggy conditions. On final, the twin engine aircraft stalled and crashed on a railway road located few hundred yards from runway 09R threshold. Both pilots were rescued while the aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
Double engine failure on final approach caused by a fuel exhaustion.