Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-87 in Milan: 114 killed

Date & Time: Oct 8, 2001 at 0810 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
SE-DMA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Milan - Copenhagen
MSN:
53009
YOM:
1991
Flight number:
SK686
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
104
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
114
Aircraft flight hours:
25573
Aircraft flight cycles:
16562

Crash of a Beechcraft C90 King Air in Copenhagen

Date & Time: Jan 15, 1979
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
OY-AZA
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
LJ-593
YOM:
1973
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Few minutes after takeoff from Copenhagen-Kastrup, the crew encountered technical problems and was cleared to return for an emergency landing. On final approach, the twin engine airplane crashed 500 meters short of runway threshold, lost its undercarriage and both wings and came to rest. There were no casualties.

Crash of a Fokker F27 Friendship 600 in Vágar

Date & Time: Jan 25, 1975
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OY-APD
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Copenhagen - Vágar
MSN:
10437
YOM:
1970
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
22
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
9122
Aircraft flight cycles:
5834
Circumstances:
After touchdown on runway 31 and a course of 950 meters, the airplane went out of control, veered off runway to the left and came to rest against an embankment located 85 meters to the left of the runway. All 26 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. It was reported the aircraft landed with a 9 knots crosswind and a 6 knots tailwind component. Also, the runway was covered with water and ice at the time of the accident.

Crash of a Boeing 720-025 in Copenhagen

Date & Time: Sep 13, 1974
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OY-DSR
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
18243/254
YOM:
1961
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Upon touchdown, the left main gear collapsed. The aircraft slid for several dozen meters before coming to rest. There were no injuries while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Failure of the left main gear upon touchdown following a probable hard landing.

Ground accident of a Sud-Aviation SE-210 Caravelle 10B3 in Tehran: 15 killed

Date & Time: Mar 15, 1974 at 0809 LT
Operator:
Registration:
OY-STK
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Hong Kong – Bangkok – New Delhi – Tehran – Copenhagen
MSN:
266
YOM:
1970
Flight number:
NB901
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
92
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
15
Captain / Total flying hours:
9600
Copilot / Total flying hours:
6000
Aircraft flight hours:
13773
Circumstances:
Preparing for takeoff on its flight back to Denmark, the crew completed a backtrack on runway 29L when he was instructed by ATC to expedite the procedure and to vacate due to traffic on approach. When the airplane reached the end of the runway, the crew initiated a turn to the left when the right main gear collapsed and punctured the right wing and the fuel tank. A fire ensued and the aircraft came to rest in flames. 15 passengers (7 Danish and 8 Swedish citizens) were killed while 81 other occupants escaped, some of them were seriously injured. The aircraft was partially destroyed by fire.
Probable cause:
The right main gear failed as a result of the propagation of fatigue cracks in the lower right hand candelabre of RIB 44.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-32 in Česká Kamenice: 27 killed

Date & Time: Jan 26, 1972 at 1701 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
YU-AHT
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Stockholm – Copenhagen – Zagreb – Belgrade
MSN:
47482
YOM:
1970
Flight number:
JU367
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
23
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
27
Captain / Total flying hours:
8587
Captain / Total hours on type:
1306.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2369
Copilot / Total hours on type:
420
Aircraft flight hours:
2091
Aircraft flight cycles:
2564
Circumstances:
The airplane was completing a scheduled flight from Stockholm to Belgrade with intermediate stops in Copenhagen and Zagreb. After it passed the Czech border, while cruising at an altitude of 33,000 feet, the airplane disappeared from radar screens without the pilots having been able to transmit all or part of an emergency message. Debris were found near the city of Česká Kamenice, in the north of Czechoslovakia, near the East German border. 27 occupants were killed and a flight attendant, Mrs. Vesna Vujovic, was found alive on her seat located by the tail. Seriously wounded, she passed 18 months in a hospital.
Probable cause:
It was confirmed that the accident was the consequence of a terrorist act. Members of the Croatian Group called 'Ustasji' was able to place a homemade bomb in the forward cargo hold.
Final Report:

Crash of an Ilyushin II-18V off Copenhagen: 32 killed

Date & Time: Aug 28, 1971 at 1852 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HA-MOC
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Oslo – Copenhagen – Berlin – Budapest
MSN:
181 9929 03
YOM:
1961
Flight number:
MA731
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
25
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
32
Aircraft flight hours:
13150
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Oslo, the crew started the descent to Copenhagen-Kastrup Airport in marginal weather conditions. The crew was cleared to descend to 5,000 feet then 1,500 feet when he was trying to intercept the ILS of runway 22L. On final, the four engine aircraft nosed down and plunged into the Øresund few hundred yards off the Saltholm Island. Rescuers were able to evacuate 3 passengers while 31 other occupants were killed. Three days later, one of the survivor died from his injuries.
Probable cause:
The probable cause of this accident was loss of control of the aircraft at the moment where the aircraft was about to intercept the ILS glideslope to runway 22L at Copenhagen airport, Kastrup.
Although it has not been possible to establish the cause of the loss of control, it is most likely to believe that the aircraft in the landing configuration was affected by a deterioration of the airflow over the tailplane to such a degree that longitudinal stability was lost.

Crash of a Lockheed 12A Electra Junior in Copenhagen

Date & Time: Feb 13, 1967
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OY-AOT
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1285
YOM:
1940
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances at Copenhagen-Kastrup Airport. No casualties.

Crash of a Vickers 759D Viscount in Oslo: 12 killed

Date & Time: Apr 14, 1963 at 1318 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TF-ISU
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Copenhagen – Oslo – Bergen – Reykjavik
MSN:
149
YOM:
1956
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
On final approach to Oslo-Fornebu, the airplane stalled and crashed on the top of a hill located on the Nesøya Island, about 6 km west of the airfield. The aircraft was destroyed and all 12 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
It is believed the accident was caused by the fact that, during the approach to Fornebu Airport, the pilot lost control of the aircraft at such a low height that recovery was not possible. From the evidence available, it has not been possible for the Commission to determine why this happened. There are possibilities, however, that the cause may have been that ice formed on the stabilizer or that the propellers went over to ground fine pitch. The Commission considers that the latter hypothesis is slightly more than the former.

Crash of a Douglas DC-6B in Copenhagen

Date & Time: Apr 13, 1963 at 0404 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
OY-EAP
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Las Palmas – Barcelona – Copenhagen
MSN:
43750
YOM:
1952
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
9617
Captain / Total hours on type:
768.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1770
Copilot / Total hours on type:
171
Aircraft flight hours:
33819
Circumstances:
On 12 April 1963, at 1521 hours GMT, Sterling Airways' DC-6B, OY-EAP, took off from Las Palmas Airport in the Canary Islands on a three-engine ferry flight bound for Copenhagen. After an intermediate refuelling stop at Barcelona, the aircraft departed again at 2224 GMT for Copenhagen. It contacted Copenhagen ATC when passing Michelsdorf on 13 April, at 0238 GMT. It was then at FL110 which was maintained until the aircraft, when over ROBBY NDD, was cleared to descend to FL45. At 0253 GMT, when passing PRESTO NDB at FL60, the aircraft reported that Copenhagen Airport was in sight, whereafter the flight mas performed with visual contact to this airport's runway 04. When passing marker beacon CODAN on the north coast of Stevns, the aircraft descended to 3,500-4,000 feet, the speed being normal, i. e. 170 kt. About 1 - 1/2 minutes later flaps were set to 20°, whereafter the speed in the course of the next few minutes was slowly reduced to 145 kt at which rate the undercarriage was extended and the flap angle was increased to 300. The altitude was then approximately 1 500 ft and the approach towards the clearly visible runway was continued in a shallow glide. The approach was rather low, for which reason the engine power had to be increased several times in order to reach the runway. On short final - probably immediately before passing the first approach lights - the pilot-in-command ordered full flaps. The speed was then 110-130 kt and the height still rather low. Shortly after the flaps were fully extended the aircraft showed a tendency to bank which the pilot-in-command tried to counteract by applying aileron control. When the aircraft was 100-200 m from the runway threshold, the pilot-in-command realizing that he no longer had sufficient control to make as the landing decided to abandon the landing. He ordered "pulling-up, full power, gear up, flaps twenty". The speed was then around 100 kt. The flight engineer immediately pushed the propeller pitch selector lever forward to full RPM position and thereafter advanced the throttles, at the same time moving the landing gear lever to the "up" position. When power was applied the aircraft immediately made a violent bank and an uncontrollable right-hand turn. About 10 seconds later the starboard wing tip hit the ground about 200 m beyond the threshold of runway 04 and 80 m to the right of the centre line. This caused the disintegration of the outer portion of the starboard wing whereupon the aircraft crashed. The aircraft came to a stop 220 m further on with its nose pointing roughly to 240°. The accident occurred at 0304 GMT, i. e. one hour before sunrise. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire. All three crew members were injured.
Probable cause:
During the approach to runway 04 with the starboard outer engine inoperative, the speed of the aircraft decreased to a value critical for safe manoeuvring. Because of this the pilot-in-command attempted an overshoot. In the course thereof he lost control of the aircraft which, in a heavy bank, went into an uncontrolled right-hand turn, its starboard wing hit the ground, and the aircraft crashed. That the aircraft got into the above-mentioned critical situation must,to an essential degree, be attributed to the fact that the pilot-in-command selected full flaps at a time when the altitude and speed of the aircraft in relation to the distance from the runway threshold did not justify such disposition.
Final Report: