Country
code

Sicily

Crash of a Piaggio P1.HH HammerHead off Levanzo Island

Date & Time: May 31, 2016 at 1140 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CPX621
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Schedule:
Trapani - Trapani
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Based on a Piaggio P.180 Avanti, the Piaggio P.1HH HammerHead is a drone prototype. Engaged in a series of test as part of the certification program, the twin engine aircraft left Trapani-Vincenzo Florio Airport at 1120LT for a local test flight. About 20 minutes later, the contact was lost with the ground station and the aircraft crashed into the sea about 8 km north of the Levanzo Island. The aircraft was lost.

Crash of an Airbus A319 in Palermo

Date & Time: Sep 24, 2010 at 2008 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EI-EDM
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rome - Palermo
MSN:
2424
YOM:
2005
Flight number:
JET243
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
123
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13860
Captain / Total hours on type:
2918.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1182
Copilot / Total hours on type:
937
Aircraft flight hours:
15763
Aircraft flight cycles:
8936
Circumstances:
On approach to Palermo-Punta Raisi Airport in bad weather conditions, aircraft hit the ground short of runway 07. Landing gear were sheared off, aircraft pull out the localizer antenna, slid for several yards and eventually came to rest beside the runway. Thirty-five passengers were injured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the crew. On short final, copilot called captain that all four PAPI's lamps were red so aircraft was too low. In bad weather conditions and low visibility due to heavy rain falls, captain took over the control of the aircraft without referring to the copilot and continued the approach. Aircraft struck the ground 67 meters short of runway 07 and went out of control. Poor crew coordination on final approach, lack of crew resources management and non-adherence to standard procedures.

Crash of an ATR72-202 off Palermo: 16 killed

Date & Time: Aug 6, 2005 at 1539 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TS-LBB
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bari-Djerba
MSN:
258
YOM:
1992
Flight number:
TUI1153
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
35
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
16
Captain / Total flying hours:
7182
Captain / Total hours on type:
5582.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2431
Copilot / Total hours on type:
2130
Aircraft flight hours:
29893
Aircraft flight cycles:
35259
Circumstances:
While cruising off Sicily, the aircraft developed engine problem and the crew elected to divert to Palerma. On descent, the twin engine aircraft ditched in the Mediterranean Sea, 26 km North-East of Palerma. 16 people were killed and 23 were seriously injured. The aircraft broke into three pieces. The embarked fuel jauges were corresponding to an ATR42 and the fuel quantity was unsufficient to cover the requested route. So, both engine stopped due to fuel exhaustion.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-82 in Catania

Date & Time: Jan 28, 1999 at 2115 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-DAVN
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Naples-Catane
MSN:
49435
YOM:
1988
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
78
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a Grumman G-159 Gulfstream GI in Pantelleria

Date & Time: Jun 22, 1992 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-MDDD
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
143
YOM:
1964
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a Lockheed C-141 Starlifter in Sigonella NAS: 9 killed

Date & Time: Jul 12, 1984
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
64-0624
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Sigonella - Diego Garcia
MSN:
300-6037
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Aircraft flight hours:
27379
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff, while in initial climb, the engine number three exploded. Debris from the engine and the nacelle hit the engine number four and penetrated the fuselage as well. The engine number four lost power and the aircraft stalled and crashed in a huge explosion, killing all nine occupants. Eight crew members and one passengers were completing a cargo flight to the island of Diego Garcia, carrying a load of paint. It was determined that a fire erupted in the cargo compartment and that toxic fumes emanated from the paints, most of them consisting of cyanure. The crew was quickly asphyxiated by these toxic fumes.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-15 off Ustica Island: 81 killed

Date & Time: Jun 27, 1980 at 2059 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-TIGI
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Bologna - Palermo
MSN:
45724/22
YOM:
1966
Flight number:
IH870
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
77
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
81
Aircraft flight hours:
29544
Aircraft flight cycles:
45032
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Bologna Airport at 2008LT on a regular schedule service to Palermo, carrying 77 passengers and a crew of four. While cruising at an altitude of 24,000 feet, the airplane disappeared from radar screens and the crew was unable to send any distress call. SAR operations were initiated and few debris and dead bodies were found floating on water about 25 km northeast of Ustica Island, north of Sicily. The main wreckage sank by a depth of 3,500 meters. The cause o the accident could not be determined. On 28 April 1987, Italian authorities decided to refloat the wreckage and traces of T4 explosive was found and several debris. In reference to ATC testimony, two unidentified objects were flying in the area at the time of the accident and it is believed this was two Libyan fighters. One of the pilot probably decided to leave and placed his plane below the DC-9 that exploded when the second pilot tried to shot him down. After the air-air missile was shot, the first fighter leaved the area, causing the missile to struck the DC-9. In 1994, Italian Authorities questioned this theory when a new official document reported that the DC-9 exploded in mid-air due to the denotation of an explosive device placed on board. In 2000, the real cause of this tragedy was still unknown. In 2008, following statements from the ex President of the Italian Republic Francesco Cossiga, the assumption that the airplane may have been shot down by a French missile was rediscussed. The President stated that French and US Authorities thought that the Libyan President Mouammar Kadhafi was on board and must be killed. Many theories were published since 1980 and the exact cause and circumstances of this tragedy remain unknown to date.
Probable cause:
Undetermined.

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-32 off Palermo: 108 killed

Date & Time: Dec 23, 1978 at 0039 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-DIKQ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rome - Palermo
MSN:
47227
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
AZ4128
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
124
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
108
Captain / Total hours on type:
418.00
Copilot / Total hours on type:
173
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Rome-Fiumicino, the crew started the descent to Palermo-Punta Raisi Airport by night and good visibility (up to 10 km). Following a 'normal' VOR/DME approach, the crew continued the descent down to 150 feet over the sea when, at 3 km from the shore, the pilot-in-command (the copilot in this case) initiated a slight turn to the left to join runway 21. At a speed of 150 knots, the left wing tip struck the water surface and the aircraft crashed into the sea. All five crew members and 103 passengers were killed while 21 others were rescued by fishermen.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the last portion of the approach was completed in visual mode with a relative low rate of descent. The approach was started prematurely and the crew descended below the minimum descent altitude after several points of the approach checklist have been missed. It is possible that the crew have been misled by the malfunction of one or more altimeters due to an erroneous indication of the warning flag. Douglas and Collins informed Alitalia in 1975 already about the possible malfunction of those altimeters and their respective warning flag systems.