Country
code

Bogotá Capital District

Crash of a Boeing 727-230 in Bogotá: 53 killed

Date & Time: Apr 20, 1998 at 1645 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HC-BSU
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bogotá - Quito
MSN:
21622
YOM:
1978
Flight number:
AF422
Country:
Crew on board:
10
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
43
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
53
Captain / Total flying hours:
5062
Captain / Total hours on type:
2296.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
7872
Copilot / Total hours on type:
528
Aircraft flight hours:
34586
Aircraft flight cycles:
26475
Circumstances:
The flight from Bogotá to Quito was completed by TAME on a wet-lease contract for Air France, second leg from the AF422 flight from Paris to Quito via Bogotá operated by an Airbus A340. After takeoff from runway 13 at Bogotá-El Dorado Airport, the crew was cleared for a Girardot 1 departure that consist of continuing on runway heading for 2 miles after takeoff, followed by a 90° right turn over the Romeo beacon. For unknown reasons, the crew continued straight forward until the aircraft impacted the Mt El Cable located ahead of the airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 53 occupants were killed, among them 25 European Nationals, seven Italians, six French, three Danish, three Spanish, two Germans, two Austrians, one British and one Swiss. The wreckage was found 50 metres below the summit. At the time of the accident, weather conditions were poor with rain, clouds at 2,300 feet and CB's.
Probable cause:
The crew suffered a loss of situational awareness after takeoff while climbing in IMC conditions. The crew failed to comply with the Girardot 1 departure procedure, deviated from the published departure procedures and maintain runway heading until the aircraft collided with terrain.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 727-21F in Bogotá

Date & Time: Jun 25, 1997 at 0122 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-1717
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bogotá – Barranquilla
MSN:
18993/215
YOM:
1965
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
20067
Captain / Total hours on type:
8664.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
4854
Copilot / Total hours on type:
292
Aircraft flight hours:
51014
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll un runway 31 at Bogotá-El Dorado Airport, at a speed of 130 knots, the crew heard two explosions. As the aircraft started to vibrate, the captain decided to abandon the takeoff procedure and initiated an emergency braking manoeuvre. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, the aircraft overran, rolled for 497 metres then lost its nose gear and came to rest. All six occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the tread on the left front tyre (nose gear) deflated and broke off during takeoff, causing severe vibrations. This caused the antiskid system to be unserviceable and the aircraft could not be stopped on the remaining distance as the runway surface was humid. It was also reported that no information were available from both CVR and FDR systems. At the time of the accident, the total weight of the aircraft was 1,461 kilos above MTOW, making the decision speed (V1) to be higher by reducing the stopping distance, which was insufficient when discontinuing the pilot controls takeoff in wet runway conditions.
Final Report:

Crash of a Rockwell Grand Commander 680F in Bogotá: 5 killed

Date & Time: Oct 24, 1995 at 0645 LT
Registration:
HK-913-P
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Bogotá-El Dorado – Bogotá-Guaymaral
MSN:
680-1234-120
YOM:
1963
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Captain / Total flying hours:
612
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Bogotá-El Dorado Airport at 0638LT. While climbing, the crew reported technical problems with the right engine and was cleared to return for an emergency landing. While completing a left turn, the crew lost control of the airplane that crashed near Empresa Triturados del Tolima, about 5 km north of the airport, some 7 minutes after takeoff. The aircraft was destroyed and all five occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Loss of control while completing a turn to return to the airport because the crew failed to recognize the aircraft's limits. Lack of crew training and experience was a contributing factor.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna 650 Citation VI near Bogotá: 4 killed

Date & Time: Mar 23, 1994
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
PT-OMV
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Manaus - Bogotá
MSN:
650-0200
YOM:
1991
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
The crew initiated the descent to Bogotá-El Dorado Airport in limited visibility when the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located about 40 km northwest of Bogotá. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all four occupants were killed.

Crash of a Sud-Aviation SE-210 Caravelle 10B3 in Bogotá

Date & Time: Mar 15, 1994
Registration:
HK-3855
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bogotá - San Andrés
MSN:
265
YOM:
1969
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft was engaged in a cargo flight from Bogotá to San Andrés Island, carrying six passengers, three crew members and a load of 70 boxes of dynamite on behalf of the Ministry of Defense. During the takeoff roll, after V1 speed, one of the tyre burst. The captain continued and completed the rotation. During initial climb, he informed ATC about the situation and followed a holding circuit for about two hours to burn fuel. Following an unstable approach, the aircraft landed too far down the runway. As the captain realized he could not stop the aircraft within the remaining distance, he decided to retract the undercarriage. The aircraft slid on its belly, overran, went through a fence and eventually came to rest in a ravine located 100 metres further. All nine occupants escaped uninjured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. Fortunately, the dynamite did not explode.

Crash of a Cessna 404 Titan II in Bogotá: 13 killed

Date & Time: Jul 24, 1993 at 1340 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-3001G
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bogotá - Cali
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
13
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Bogotá-El Dorado Airport, while climbing, the crew informed ATC about the failure of the left engine and was cleared to return for an emergency landing. While turning to the left, the aircraft stalled and crashed on a building housing a car dealership. All seven occupants on board the Cessna as well as six people on the ground were killed, among them the Director and the Deputy Director of the Civil Aviation Authority of Colombia. Seven other people on the ground were injured.
Probable cause:
Failure of the left engine during initial climb for unknown reasons. The aircraft then stall due to insufficient speed.

Crash of a Convair CV-440-11 Metropolitan in Bogotá: 2 killed

Date & Time: Feb 20, 1993
Operator:
Registration:
HP-1200CTH
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Bogotá – Panama City
MSN:
413
YOM:
1957
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Bogotá-El Dorado Airport, while climbing, the crew declared an emergency and informed ATC about an engine failure. The crew was cleared to return when the aircraft lost height and crashed in a field located 3 km west of the airport. Both pilots were killed.
Probable cause:
Engine failure for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Curtiss C-46F-1-CU Commando near Bogotá: 8 killed

Date & Time: Dec 11, 1991 at 1520 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-2716
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Medellín – Bogotá
MSN:
22478
YOM:
1945
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft was ferried from Medellín to Bogotá after repairs were conducted at Medellín Airport following a gear problems last September 23. On approach to Bogotá-El Dorado Airport, the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located 20 km north of the airport. All eight occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
For unknown reasons, the crew was approaching the airport at an insufficient altitude. Lack of visibility due to clouds was a contributing factor.

Crash of a Sud-Aviation SE-210 Caravelle 11R in Bogotá

Date & Time: Sep 29, 1991
Operator:
Registration:
HK-3288X
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
219
YOM:
1967
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll at Bogotá-El Dorado Airport, the left main gear failed. The aircraft slid on its belly for few dozen metres when the right main gear collapsed as well. The aircraft came to rest on the runway and was damaged beyond repair. All three crew members escaped uninjured.

Crash of a Douglas C-118A near Bogotá

Date & Time: Feb 10, 1991 at 1140 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-1702
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bogotá – Arauca
MSN:
44670
YOM:
1955
Country:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
80
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The four engine aircraft was chartered by the Colombian Army to transfer 80 soldiers from Bogotá to Arauca. They were seating on the cabin floor with their equipment. In the morning, the crew encountered technical problems after takeoff from Bogotá Airport and was forced to return. After repairs were completed, the aircraft departed again before noon. During initial climb, the engine n°1 caught fire. The crew declared an emergency and was cleared to return when the fire spread to the engine n°2. The captain realized he could not reach the airport so he attempted an emergency landing in a pasture located 16 km from the airfield. The aircraft belly landed and slid for about 400 meters before coming to rest, bursting into flames. All 85 occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was destroyed by fire.
Probable cause:
Failure and explosion of engine n°1 for unknown reasons.