Crash of a Boeing 727-116 in Colina

Date & Time: Apr 27, 1969 at 2144 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CAQ
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Buenos Aires - Santiago
MSN:
19812/532
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
LA160
Country:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
52
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13591
Captain / Total hours on type:
826.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
3284
Copilot / Total hours on type:
211
Aircraft flight hours:
2354
Circumstances:
Flight 160 was a scheduled international flight from Buenos Aires, Argentina to Santiago, Chile. The aircraft took off at 2356 hours GMT from Ezeiza Airport, with an IFR flight plan for airways AJG 82 and UG-14, and left the Buenos Aires terminal area via the Mariana intersection, its route taking it over Junín, Villa Reynolds, El Pencal, Mendoza, Juncal and Tabón. The flight level was 310 (31 000 ft). Before flying over Juncal, the aircraft was cleared by the Mendoza Control Centre to descend and maintain flight level 260 (26 000 ft) and after passing Juncal, it was cleared by the Santiago Control Centre to descend and maintain level 250 (25 000 ft) and to pass the Tab6n NDB at flight level 150. It was also given the Santiago weather report, announcing 4/8 nimbostratus at 450 m and 8/8 altostratus at 2 400 m. At 0135 hours, the aircraft passed over Juncal at flight level 260 and then left this level for FL 150; it gave 0142 hours at its estimated time of passage over Tabón NDB and subsequently reported that it was passing through FL 180 (18 000 ft). At 0141 hours, the aircraft passed Tabón NDB and left FL 150 for FL 70 (7 000 ft) and gave 0142 hours as its estimated time of arrival over Colina NDB. Prior to that, Santiago Centre had cleared the aircraft to FL 70 at the Pudahuel Airport ILS outer marker. The aircraft subsequently reported to the Control Centre that it was passing through FL 70; the Centre acknowledged receipt of the message and cleared the flight to make an ILS approach and to change to frequency 118.1 for communication with the Pudahuel Control Tower. The aircraft passed over Colina NDB at about 5 500 ft and continued to descend intercepting the ILS (glide slope) beam at about 4 500 ft, one min 20 sec after passing FL 70. It continued its descent at a rate of about 1 500/2 000 ft/min and descended below the minimum height of 2 829 ft at the outer marker without either the pilot or the co-pilot noting this and on apparently correct indications from the Flight Director. The aircraft continued descending and passed below the minimum height of 1 749 ft published for Pudahuel Airport when suddenly the warning light on the radio altimeter lit up. At this very moment the aircraft levelled off, but its wheels touched the ground and it landed in a field 2 kms north of the ILS outer marker, suffering heavy damage, but without serious injuries to passengers or crew. The accident occurred at 0144 GMT on 28 April, 2144LT on 27 April.
Probable cause:
The investigating commission considered the causes of the accident to be as follows :
a) excessive concentration by the crew on the indications given by the Flight Director;
b) the crew erroneously operated the Flight Director equipment on a direct ILS approach;
c) as a result of a) above, the crew did not check the instruments, which indicated:
- descending below the minimum safety altitude;
- rate of descent greater than normal for an ILS approach;
- longitudinal attitude of the aircraft greater than normal for an ILS approach;
- position of the aircraft below the ILS glide path.
Final Report:

Crash of a Lockheed L-1649A Starliner in Isluga

Date & Time: Mar 26, 1969
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N7311C
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
Schedule:
Lima – Montevideo
MSN:
1013
YOM:
1957
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a cargo flight from Lima to Montevideo, carrying a load of cigarettes and whiskey. En route, the crew encountered problems with the engine number two and elected to return to Lima when the engine number one caught fire shortly later. The captain decided to attempt an emergency landing in a desert area located near Isluga, near the Chili-Bolivia border. Upon landing, the left wing was torn off and the airplane came to rest, broken in two. All three crew members were uninjured.
Probable cause:
Engine failure.

Crash of a Curtiss C-46D-15-CU Commando off Punta Arenas: 5 killed

Date & Time: Jul 18, 1968
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CDI
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
MSN:
33445
YOM:
1945
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances into the Magellan Straits, killing all five occupants.

Crash of a Douglas B-26C Invader off Iquique: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jul 13, 1968
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
817
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Iquique – Antofagasta
MSN:
27410
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Few minutes after takeoff from Iquique Airport, while climbing, the airplane went out of control and crashed into the sea some 15 km offshore. Both crew members were killed.

Crash of a Douglas C-49K near Coyhaique: 36 killed

Date & Time: Apr 8, 1968
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CBM
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Santiago – Coihaique
MSN:
6330
YOM:
1942
Flight number:
LCO213
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
33
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
36
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Santiago de Chile (flight LCO213), the crew started the descent to Coyhaique-Teniente Vidal Airport when the airplane went out of control, entered a dive and crashed in a mountainous area. The wreckage was found few hours later 24 km northwest of Coyhaique, in an uninhabited area. The aircraft was destroyed and all 36 occupants have been killed.
Probable cause:
The exact cause of the accident could not be determined with certainty. However, it is believed that the airplane encountered severe atmospheric turbulences, causing the right wing to detach in flight.

Crash of a Douglas DC-3C in Chaitén

Date & Time: Feb 26, 1967
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CLB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Puerto Montt – Chaitén
MSN:
14832/26277
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
23720
Circumstances:
The crew was completing a ferry flight from Puerto Montt-El Tepual Airport to Chaitén. The airplane was operated by Eduardo Rubio Guarderas. The landing was completed in the first third of the runway but it appeared the aircraft struck rubble on the ground, damaging both main gears. On of them then collapsed and the airplane veered off runway before coming to rest. There were no injuries but the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Curtiss C-46D-10-CU Commando in La Yareta Pass

Date & Time: Feb 3, 1967
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CDH
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Site:
MSN:
32940
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a cargo flight within Chile, carrying four crew members and a load of five tons of meat. In unknown circumstances, it crashed on a mountain slope located near the La Yarita Pass. All four crew members were injured and the airplane was destroyed.

Crash of a Curtiss C-46D-10-CU Commando on Mt Planchón-Peteroa: 8 killed

Date & Time: Jul 11, 1966
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-527
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bogotá – La Paz – Santiago – Buenos Aires
MSN:
33215
YOM:
1945
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a special cargo flight from Bogotá to Buenos Aires with intermediate stops in La Paz and Santiago de Chile, carrying five passengers, three crew members and a load of eight bulls for an exhibition in Buenos Aires. While cruising in poor weather conditions, the airplane struck the slope of Mt Planchón-Peteroa (4,107 meters high) located about 200 km south of Santiago. SAR operations were conducted but eventually suspended after few days as no trace of the aircraft nor the crew was found. The wreckage was eventually found on 18 November 1966. All eight occupants have been killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain.

Crash of a Douglas B-26C Invader in Chile: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jun 15, 1966
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
812
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Santiago - Antofagasta
MSN:
7050
YOM:
1941
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances while completing a flight from Santiago to Antofagasta. The airplane crashed in a mountainous area, killing both pilots.

Crash of a Douglas DC-6B on Mt San José: 87 killed

Date & Time: Feb 6, 1965 at 0836 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CCG
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Santiago – Buenos Aires – Montevideo
MSN:
45513/1004
YOM:
1958
Flight number:
LA107
Country:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
80
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
87
Aircraft flight hours:
17085
Circumstances:
Flight 107 was a scheduled international fiight from Los Cerrillos Airport, Santiago (Chile) to Montevideo, Uruguay, with a scheduled stop at Buenos Aires, Argentina. The flight plan was as follows:
(a) VMC - Santiago - Melipilla - Cerro Maipo climbing to 19 000 feet,
(b) VMC - Cerro Maipo - San Rafael - Huinca Renanco - Junin - Suipacha - Buenos Aires (Ezeiza) in level flight at 19 800 feet.
The aircraft took off at 0806 hours from south to north in the direction of the city of Santiago. It flew low over the city in the Cerro San Cristobal area and later between 0810 and 0812 hours in the vicinity of Cerro Marquehue. At 0817 hours, it made radio contact with Panagra Control to request a change of route via Amarillo - Tumuyan Viejo - Reynolds 5,700 m. Mendoza Control authorized the change of route and asked for the estimated time over Amarillo. The flight replied that it estimated reaching Amarillo at 0336 hours. At 0822 the radio contact came to an end. The aircraft continued inland at low altitude in relation to the surrounding terrain, via Farellones, Lagunillas, Planta Queltehue and Lo Valdés. At 0836 hours, several witnesses saw the aircraft crash into the ridge joining the Catedral and Corona peaks. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 87 occupants have been killed.
Probable cause:
The accident was caused by lack of discipline on the part of the pilot-in- command of the aircraft who did not follow the instructions of the flight plan or those relating to crossing the mountains.
Final Report: