Crash of an ATR42-300 in Rome

Date & Time: Mar 6, 2003 at 2050 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-ATRF
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rome - Rimini
MSN:
034
YOM:
1986
Flight number:
MTC406
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
42
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
27472
Aircraft flight cycles:
28492
Circumstances:
Stopped on holding point for takeoff, pilots released brakes when the left landing gear failed. All 45 occupants were evacuated safely but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Lockheed C-130H Hercules in Eindhoven: 34 killed

Date & Time: Jul 15, 1996 at 1802 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CH-06
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Rimini - Eindhoven
MSN:
4473
YOM:
1972
Flight number:
610
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
37
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
34
Captain / Total flying hours:
2102
Captain / Total hours on type:
1436.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
582
Copilot / Total hours on type:
138
Aircraft flight hours:
10914
Circumstances:
The aircraft was chartered by the Dutch Air Force (Koninklijke Luchtmacht) to fly the Dutch Air Force's brass band from Italy back to the Netherlands. The transport plane arrived at Verona-Villafranca at 13:33. Forty passengers boarded the plane and at 15:04 the Hercules took off from Villafranca for a short flight to Rimini, where it landed at 15:31. Three passengers deplaned at Rimini and the Hercules was back in the air at 15:55 heading for Eindhoven. The Hercules descended into Eindhoven and contacted Eindhoven Tower at 18:00. Eindhoven Tower cleared the flight for the approach: "Okay, you may continue descent for 1000, as number one in traffic, for a direct final course runway 04, QNH 1027." After reported the runway in sight, the Hercules was cleared to land: "610 is cleared to land runway 04, the wind from 360° 10 knots." Possibly as a result of the presence of a large number of birds near the runway, the copilot initiated a go around. Birds were ingested by both left hand engines (n°1 and 2), causing both engines to lose power. For reasons unknown the crew shut down engine n°3 and feathered the propeller. The plane then turned left and crashed off the left side of the runway. Within seconds a fire erupted which was fed by the oxygen from the airplane's oxygen system. Some emergency exits in the main cabin were unreachable because of the fire while other exits could not be opened because of twisting of the fuselage. The fact that there were a large number of passengers on board the plane was not immediately clear tot the fire fighters. It took some 23 minutes before passengers were noted in the main cabin.
Probable cause:
The accident was initiated, most probably as a reaction to observing birds, by the go-around which was made at a low altitude during which a flock of birds could no longer be evaded.
The accident became inevitable when:
- Bird ingestion in the two left engines occurred due to which the power of these two engines was lost,
- As a result of power loss, the aircraft became uncontrollable at a very low altitude and crashed.
The relative low experience of the crew was a contributing factor.

Crash of a Partenavia P.68B Victor near Rimini: 2 killed

Date & Time: Apr 16, 1983
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
I-IEAC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
MSN:
135
YOM:
1978
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
En route, one of the engine failed. The pilot reduced his altitude and attempted an emergency landing when the aircraft crashed on highway Bologna - Rimini. Both occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Engine failure for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Convair CV-240-4 in Rimini: 1 killed

Date & Time: Jul 31, 1960 at 1156 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
D-BELU
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Frankfurt – Rimini
MSN:
78
YOM:
1948
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
30
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Frankfurt, the crew started the descent to Rimini Airport when, at an altitude of 5,000 feet, the left engine lost power. The crew shut down the engine, feathered the propeller and continued the approach. At an altitude of 1,500 feet, the right engine lost power as well. The captain decided to attempt an emergency landing in a field located one km short of runway 13. On touchdown, the airplane lost its undercarriage and right wing before coming to rest. Eight passengers were uninjured while 25 other occupants were injured. A female passenger was killed.