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Crash of an ATR72-500 in Rome

Date & Time: Feb 2, 2013 at 2032 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
YR-ATS
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Pisa - Rome
MSN:
533
YOM:
1997
Flight number:
AZ1670
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
46
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Runway 25 was closed to trafic due to work in progress so crew was vectored to runway 16L. Weather conditions were good with strong winds from 250° at 28 knots gusting to 41 knots. On last segment, aircraft lost altitude and hit the ground 567 metres short of runway 16L threshold. Aircraft bounced three times, lost its right undercarriage, slid on runway and eventually came to rest in a grassy area 1,780 metres past the runway threshold. At the time of the accident, strong lateral winds and wind shear conditions prevailed. The aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair as the fuselage was buckled up to the wings.

Crash of a Cessna 402B in Rome: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 7, 2012 at 1300 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-ERJA
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Rome - Brescia
MSN:
402-0918
YOM:
1975
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from Rome-Ciampino Airport, bound to Brescia, aircraft went out of control and crashed in a pound. Aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and post impact fire, as well as more than 30 cars. A huge explosion and fire occurred. Both crew were killed.

Crash of a Cessna 650 Citation III in Rome: 2 killed

Date & Time: Feb 7, 2009 at 0602 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-FEEV
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Rome - Bologna
MSN:
650-0105
YOM:
1986
Flight number:
AOE301
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Aircraft flight hours:
6977
Circumstances:
Aircraft left Rome-Ciampino airport at 0600LT on a positioning flight to Bologna to pick up a medical team. While climbing in marginal weather conditions, crew lost control of the aircraft which crashed near a sport camp located in Trigoria, 11 km southwest of Ciampino Airport. The aircraft was destroyed and both occupants were killed.

Crash of a Boeing 737-8AS in Rome

Date & Time: Nov 10, 2008 at 0756 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EI-DYG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Hahn - Rome
MSN:
33639/2557
YOM:
2008
Flight number:
FR4102
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
164
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
9883
Captain / Total hours on type:
6045.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
600
Copilot / Total hours on type:
400
Aircraft flight hours:
2419
Aircraft flight cycles:
1498
Circumstances:
The airplane departed Hahn Airport at 0630LT on a flight to Rome-Ciampino Airport, carrying 14 passengers and a crew of 8. The first officer was the Pilot Flying on the leg whilst the captain was the Pilot Monitoring. The flight was uneventful until the approach phase at the destination airport. The aircraft established the first radio contact with Ciampino Tower, communicating that it was 9 NM from the runway and stabilised on the ILS for runway 15. The aircraft, authorized and configured for the approach, was proceeding for landing, when, at a height of 136 ft and a distance of about 300 m from the runway, the captain noticed birds on the flight trajectory. He stated "Ahi", repeated in rapid sequence. At a distance of about 100 m from the runway, the TO/GA pushbutton was activated. The first officer acknowledged: "Go around, flaps 15", setting the go around attitude. At the same time as the TO/GA was activated, the aircraft collided with a thick flock of some 90 starlings. A loud bang was heard and both engines stalled. The aircraft climbed to 173 feet and then continued to lose height, despite the nose-up command. There was a progressive speed reduction and an increase of the angle of attack until the activation of the stick shaker, which was recorded at 21 feet. The aircraft hit the ground in aerodynamic stall conditions, near taxiway AC, about half way along the total length of the runway at a vertical acceleration of 2.66g. First contact with the runway occurred with the main landing gear properly extended and with the lower part of the fuselage tail section. The left main landing gear detached from its attachment during the landing run and the lower part of the left engine nacelle came into contact with the runway. The aircraft stopped near the threshold of runway 33. The fire brigade sprayed extinguishing foam around the area where the engine nacelle had come into contact with the runway. The captain then arranged for the disembarkation of the passengers and crew using a ladder truck from the right front door, with the addition of the right rear slide, later activated and used.
Probable cause:
The accident has been caused by an unexpected loss of both engines thrust as a consequence of a massive bird strike, during the go-around manoeuvre. The loss of thrust has prevented the aircrew from performing a successful go around and has led the aircraft to an unstabilized runway contact. The following factors have contributed to the event:
- The inadequate effectiveness of bird control and dispersal measures put in place by the airport operator at the time of the accident,
- The captain decision to perform a go around, when the aircraft was at approximately 7 seconds from touchdown. The above decision was significantly influenced by:
- The lack of instructions to flight crew concerning the most suitable procedures to adopt in the case of single or multiple bird strikes in the landing phase,
- The absence of specific training in the management, by the flight crew, of the "surprise" and "startle" effects in critical phases of the flight.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna 501 Citation I in Rome, Italy

Date & Time: Sep 9, 2005 at 1830 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
I-AROM
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lugano - Rome
MSN:
501-0042
YOM:
1978
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing on runway 15 (2,207 metres long), aircraft overran, hit the localizer antenna and came to rest. While the aircraft was considered as damaged beyond repair, all five occupants were uninjured. It was raining at the time of the accident and the runway was wet.