Crash of a Harbin Yunsunji Y-12-II in Nouakchott: 7 killed

Date & Time: Jul 12, 2012 at 0745 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-MAE
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Nouakchott - Tasiast
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Circumstances:
Aircraft was engaged in a special flight to the Tasiast airstrip deserving the Gold Mine of Tasiast on behalf of the Kinross Gold Corporation. Shortly after take off from Nouakchott, during the initial climb, aircraft stalled and crashed in flames in a desert area near the airport. All seven occupants were killed and aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and post impact fire. Both pilots were Mauritanian Customs Officers while among the passengers were three Security Officers of the Kinross Gold Corporation who were responsible to carry a cargo of gold back to Nouakchott.

Crash of a Boeing 737-700 in Conakry

Date & Time: Jul 28, 2010 at 0130 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TS-IEA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nouakchott - Dakar - Conakry
MSN:
28014/766
YOM:
2001
Flight number:
MTW620
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
91
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing on a wet runway, aircraft overrun, hit the localizer antenna and some approach lights, lost its nose gear and came to rest. Ten passengers were injured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the crew. Aircraft touch down half down runway, reducing breaking distance. Runway was wet, which was considered as a contributory factor.

Crash of a De Havilland Dash-8-202 in Tarakigné

Date & Time: Nov 19, 2009 at 1514 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N355PH
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nouakchott - Bamako
MSN:
500
YOM:
1997
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Before take off at Nouakchott, two fuel trucks arrived to the airplane but captain declined and calculated that the reserve he has was sufficient to fly to Bamako. While approaching Bamako, right engine failed due to fuel exhaustion, followed by the left engine five minutes later. Crew elected to divert to Kolokani, a small airstrip located 19 km from Bamako. Eventually, crew was forced to make an emergency landing off airport. On landing, aircraft lost its undercarriage while the right wing was sheared off. All nine occupants were uninjured while the aircraft was destroyed. Flight was performed on behalf of the 524th Special Operations Squadron, for the USAF and Africom, a military mission in Africa.
Probable cause:
The Accident Investigation Board (AIB) President found by clear and convincing evidence that the cause of this mishap was the mishap aircraft running out of fuel due to the mishap aircraft commander’s and mishap copilot’s failure to properly fuel plan and then refuel the mishap aircraft at Nouakchott with a sufficient amount to reach their destination. Once airborne, despite indications of a fuel shortage, the mishap crew did not divert to a suitable alternate airport early enough in the sortie to avoid this mishap. The AIB President also found sufficient evidence to conclude the following factors substantially contributed to the mishap: insufficient mission and flight planning; faulty decision-making; complacency; task misprioritization; channelized attention; and the mishap crew pressing to meet mission demands.

Crash of a Xian Yunsunji Y-7H-500 in Néma: 39 killed

Date & Time: May 12, 1998 at 1930 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-MAG
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Néma - Nouakchott
MSN:
00 7H 03
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
35
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
39
Circumstances:
The aircraft was returning to Nouakchott with 35 passengers and seven crew members who accompanied the President of the Republic of Mauritania on an official visit of the Hodh Ech Chargui Region. All passengers were members of the Mauritanian Army fanfare. Shortly after a night takeoff, while in initial climb, the aircraft stalled and crashed in a huge explosion near the runway end. Three passengers were seriously injured while 39 other occupants were killed. The aircraft was totally destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire.
Probable cause:
Loss of control during initial climb after one of the engine failed for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Xian Yunsunji Y-7H-100 off Nouadhibou: 8 killed

Date & Time: Apr 5, 1996
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-MAF
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Nouadhibou - Nouakchott
MSN:
00 7H 01
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Nouadhibou Airport, while climbing, the aircraft stalled and crashed in the sea, killing all eight occupants.
Probable cause:
It is believed that the loss of control was the consequence of an engine failure.

Crash of a Fokker F28 Fellowship 4000 in Tidjikdja: 80 killed

Date & Time: Jul 1, 1994 at 0820 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-CLF
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nouakchott - Tidjikdja
MSN:
11092
YOM:
1975
Flight number:
MR251
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
89
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
80
Circumstances:
On approach to Tidjikdja Airport, the crew encountered poor visibility due to a sandstorm. Unable to establish a visual contact with the runway, the captain initiated a go-around procedure. Few minutes later, the crew attempted a second approach while the weather conditions did not improve. At a height of about 25 metres above the airfield, the aircraft nosed down and violently struck the runway surface. Upon impact, the undercarriage were torn off and out of control, the aircraft veered off runway and eventually collided with rocks, bursting into flames. Thirteen passengers were rescued while 80 other occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The approach was completed in below weather minima and the crew continued the descent without establishing a visual contact with the ground and runway. At the time of the accident, the visibility and the RVR were below minimums. Considering the situation, the crew should divert to another suitable airport.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-5D Buffalo off Dakar: 12 killed

Date & Time: May 27, 1979 at 1010 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-MAX
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Dakar - Nouakchott
MSN:
88
YOM:
1978
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
12
Circumstances:
Shortly after take off from Dakar-Yoff Airport, while climbing, the twin engine aircraft went out of control and crashed into the sea few km offshore. All 12 occupants were killed, among them Ahmed Ould Bousseif, Prime Minister of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania. The pilot was captain N'Diaye N'Diak, Chief of the Atar Airbase.

Crash of a Fairchild F27A in Nouakchott

Date & Time: Mar 14, 1979
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5T-CJY
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
28
YOM:
1958
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Crashed upon landing for unknown reasons. There were no casualties.

Crash of a Douglas C-47-DL in Nouakchott

Date & Time: Jul 6, 1965
Registration:
6V-AAA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Dakar – Nouakchott
MSN:
4351
YOM:
1941
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
0
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The airplane crashed upon landing at Nouakchott Airport for unknown reasons. There were no casualties but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. It was performing a flight from Dakar on behalf of Air Mauritanie.

Crash of a Latécoère 14 in Saint Louis

Date & Time: Oct 11, 1927
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
F-ESDF
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nouakchott - Saint Louis - Dakar
MSN:
1
YOM:
1925
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Aircraft crashed for unknown reason on final approach to Saint Louis, Senegal. While both crew were slightly injured, aircraft was damaged beyond repair. It was the only example of a Latécoère 14 in operation.