Crash of a Learjet 25D in Detroit: 6 killed

Date & Time: Jan 19, 1979 at 1934 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N137GL
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Des Moines – South Bend – Detroit – Toronto
MSN:
25-237
YOM:
1978
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Captain / Total flying hours:
7171
Captain / Total hours on type:
550.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
3740
Copilot / Total hours on type:
96
Aircraft flight hours:
299
Circumstances:
The airplane crashed while landing on runway 09 at Detroit-Metropolitan-Wayne County Airport. The airplane was returning executives of Massey-Ferguson, Inc., to South Bend, Indiana, Detroit, Michigan, and Toronto, Canada, following a meeting at the company's headquarters in Des Moines, Iowa. During the descent, the aircraft flew in light to moderate, occasionally severe icing conditions. Shortly before the Learjet was to land, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9 was cleared for takeoff. Witnesses saw the Learjet cross the threshold in a normal landing attitude and seconds later roll violently. The airplane was in a steep right bank when the wing tip tank struck the runway 2,440 feet from the threshold and the airplane burst into flames. The two pilots and four passengers were killed.
Probable cause:
The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the accident was the pilot's loss of control. The loss of control may have caused by an accumulation of wing ice, by a delayed application of engine thrust been caused by wake turbulence of a departing aircraft, by a premature stall during an attempted go-around, or by any combination of these factors.
Final Report:

Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain near Lake Placid: 3 killed

Date & Time: Dec 25, 1978 at 1918 LT
Registration:
N114TA
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Detroit - Saranac Lake
MSN:
31-7405461
YOM:
1974
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
2741
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane departed Detroit-Wayne County Airport at the end of the afternoon on a flight to Saranac Lake-Adirondack Airport, NY. While descending by night and limited visibility due to snow falls, at an altitude of 3,100 feet, the airplane struck tree tops and crashed in a wooded area located on Mt Nye, in The Adirondack Mountain Range, about six miles south of Lake Placid. As the airplane failed to arrive, SAR operations were initiated but eventually abandoned after few days as no trace of the aircraft nor the three occupant was found. Walkers found the wreckage on 29 April 1979, about 16 miles southeast of Saranac Lake Airport.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain following improper IFR operation. The following contributing factors were reported:
- Low ceiling,
- Snow,
- Visibility one mile or less,
- Fog.
Final Report:

Crash of a Rausch Super 18 Hudstar in Oshawa: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jul 20, 1977 at 0345 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N367
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Oshawa - Detroit
YOM:
1952
Location:
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Just after a night takeoff from Oshawa Airport, while climbing, the twin engine airplane struck trees and crashed in a wooded area. Both pilots were killed. They were en route to Detroit-Wayne County Airport with automobile parts on board. The Rausch Super 18 was a Lockheed AT-18 Hudson NC33367 (msn 7463) with a Lodestar N94538 (msn 18-2095) rear fuselage and tail group.

Crash of a Learjet 25B in Detroit

Date & Time: May 26, 1977 at 0940 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N501PS
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Detroit - Detroit
MSN:
25-153
YOM:
1974
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
9291
Captain / Total hours on type:
218.00
Circumstances:
The crew departed Detroit-Ypsilanti Airport on a positioning (exec) flight to Detroit-Wayne County Airport. After touchdown on runway 33, the airplane encountered difficulties to decelerate. Unable to stop within the remaining distance, it overran, struck a fence and came to rest in flames against a concrete pole located 950 feet further. Both pilots were injured and the airplane was destroyed.
Probable cause:
Inadequate preflight preparation on part of the pilot-in-command caused the airplane to ran off the end of the runway. The thrust reversers were found in stowed position.
Final Report:

Crash of a Learjet 23 in Detroit: 3 killed

Date & Time: Dec 15, 1972 at 1146 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N20M
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Detroit - Lexington
MSN:
23-094
YOM:
1966
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Captain / Total flying hours:
4302
Captain / Total hours on type:
1072.00
Circumstances:
Just after liftoff from runway 03R at Detroit-Wayne County Airport, while in initial climb, the airplane crashed on a fuel storage tank and exploded. Both pilots, en route to Lexington on a ferry flight, were killed, as well as one people on the ground.
Probable cause:
The exact cause of the accident could not be determined.
Final Report:

Crash of a Piper PA-31-310 Navajo in Iowa City

Date & Time: Feb 18, 1971 at 1915 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N8000Y
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Detroit – Iowa City
Location:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
10025
Captain / Total hours on type:
620.00
Circumstances:
The pilot started the approach to Iowa City Airport by night and marginal weather conditions. Due to poor visibility, he made a go-around and followed a circuit for few minutes before starting a second approach. In half mile visibility with ceiling at 300 feet, he continued the approach and passed below the MDA when the airplane struck the ground and crashed. All four occupants were injured and the aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
Improper IFR operation on part of the pilot, The following factors were reported:
- Electrical failure,
- Low ceiling (300 feet), 0.5 mile visibility, rain,
- The pilot stated that VOR DME fluctuated,
- Right alternator inoperative,
- The pilot descended below the published MDA on second VOR approach.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft D18S in Inkster

Date & Time: Nov 18, 1968 at 1855 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N629B
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
A-461
YOM:
1948
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
2418
Captain / Total hours on type:
339.00
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Detroit-Wayne County Airport, while in initial climb, the crew encountered serious difficulties with the aircraft that was unstable and failed to gain sufficient altitude. The airplane then stalled and crashed in Inkster, north of the airfield. All four occupants were seriously injured and the airplane was destroyed.
Probable cause:
The accident was caused by the combination of the following factors:
- Inadequate supervision of flight crew,
- Failure to provide adequate directives, manual and equipments,
- Deficiency in company maintained equipment, services, regulations,
- Inadequate preflight preparation and/or planning,
- Improperly loaded aircraft-weight and/or CofG,
- Inadequate supervision of flight on behalf of the pilot-in-command,
- Unable to reduce the angle of attack to obtain V2 speed during initial climb as the total weight was 1,727 lbs above gross weight and the CofG was 9,26 inches after the max CofG limits.
Final Report:

Crash of a Vickers 745D Viscount in Akron

Date & Time: Dec 11, 1967 at 1526 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N7429
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Detroit - Akron
MSN:
127
YOM:
1956
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
11000
Captain / Total hours on type:
8000.00
Circumstances:
After touchdown at Akron-Canton Airport, the four engine airplane encountered difficulties to stop within the remaining distance. It overran, lost its undercarriage and went down an 23 feet embankment before coming to rest 400 feet further. A passenger was seriously injured while all other occupants escaped uninjured. The aircraft was written off.
Probable cause:
Wrong approach configuration on part of the pilot-in-command who misjudged distance and speed upon landing and failed to initiate a go-around procedure.
Final Report: