Country
code

Krasnodar Krai

Crash of a Boeing 737-8AS in Sochi

Date & Time: Sep 1, 2018 at 0258 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
VQ-BJI
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Moscow - Sochi
MSN:
29937/1238
YOM:
2002
Flight number:
UT579
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
164
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13995
Captain / Total hours on type:
6391.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
12277
Copilot / Total hours on type:
5147
Aircraft flight hours:
45745
Aircraft flight cycles:
23434
Circumstances:
On 31.08.2018 Boeing 737-800 VQ-BJI operated by UTAir Airlines conducted the scheduled flight UT 579 from Moscow (Vnukovo airport) to Sochi (Adler airport). During the preflight briefing (at 19:50) the crew was provided with the necessary weather information. At 20:15, the crew had passed the medical examination at Vnukovo airport mobile RWY medical unit. The Daily Check line maintenance (DY) was done on 30.08.2018 at Vnukovo airport by UTG aviation services, ZAO; job card # 11465742. The A/C takeoff weight was 68680 kg and the MAC was 26.46 %, that was within the AFM limitations for the actual conditions. At 21:33 the takeoff from Vnukovo airport was performed. The flight along he prescribed route was performed on FL350 in auto mode and without any issues. The F/O acted as the pilot flying (PF). When approaching the Sochi aerodrome traffic control area, the flight crew was provided by the aerodrome approach control with the approach and descending conditions, as well as with the weather conditions near the aerodrome. After descending to the height specified by Sochi Approach, the pilot contacted Sochi Radar, waited for the weather that met his minimum and was cleared for landing. In course of the first approach to landing (from the altitude about 30 m) when RVR got down because of heavy showers, the PIC took controls and performed the go-around. In course of the second approach, the crew performed the landing but failed to keep the airplane within the RWY. The airplane had landed at about 1285 m from the RWY threshold, overrun the threshold, broke through the aerodrome fencing, and came to rest in Mzymta river bed. This ended with the fire outbreak of fuel leaking from the damaged LH wing fuel tank. The crew performed the passenger evacuation. The aerodrome alert measures were taken and the fire was brought under control. Eighteen occupants were injured while all other occupants were unhurt. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
The aircraft overrun, destroying and damage by fire were caused by the following factors:
- repeated disregarding of the windshear warnings which when entered a horizontal windshear (changing from the head wind to tail one) at low altitude resulted in landing at distance of 1285 m from the RWY threshold (overrunning the landing zone by 385 m) with the increased IAS and tail wind;
- landing to the runway, when its normative friction coefficient was less than 0.3 that according to the regulations in force, did not allow to land.
The factors contributed the accident:
- the crew violation of the AFM and Operator's OM requirements in regards to the actions required a forecasted or actual wind shear warning;
- use of the automatic flight mode (autopilot, autothrottle) in the flight under the windshear conditions which resulted in the aircraft being unstable (excess thrust) when turning to the manual control;
- lack of prevention measures taken by the Operator when the previous cases of poor crew response to windshear warning were found;
- insufficient crew training in regards to CRM and TEM that did not allow to identify committed mistakes and/or violations in good time;
- the crew members' high psychoemotional state caused by inconsistency between the actual landing conditions and the received training as well as the psychological limit which was determined by the individual psychological constitution of each member;
- insufficient braking both in auto and manual mode during the aircraft rollout caused by the insufficient tyre-to-ground friction aiming to achieve the specified rate of braking. Most probably the insufficient tyre-to-ground friction was caused by the significant amount of water on the RWY surface;
- the aerodrome services' noncompliance of Sochi International Aerodrome Manual requirements related to the RWY after heavy showers inspection which resulted in the crew provision of wrong normative friction coefficients. In obtaining of the increased overrun speed of about ≈75 kt (≈140 km/h) the later setting of engines into reverse mode was contributed (the engines were set into reverse mode 16 s later than the aircraft landed at distance of about ≈200 m from the runway end).
Final Report:

Crash of a Tupolev TU-154B-2 off Sochi: 92 killed

Date & Time: Dec 25, 2016 at 0527 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-85572
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Sochi - Hmeimim
MSN:
83A-572
YOM:
1983
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
84
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
92
Aircraft flight hours:
6689
Circumstances:
The three engine aircraft left Sochi-Adler Airport by night on a special flight to the airbase of Hmeimim located southeast of Latakia, Syria. Two minutes after takeoff from runway 20, while in initial climb, the airplane went out of control, nosed down and crashed into the Black Sea, about 6 km offshore and sank by a depth of 50 to 70 meters. SAR operations were quickly conducted and few debris and bodies were found after sunrise. It was confirmed by the Russian government there were no survivors and that among the occupants were 64 members of the 'Alexandrov Band' from the Red Army Choir, nine journalists, Elizaveta Glinka of the Russian Council of Human Rights and two high ranking civil officers. They were on their way to Syria to take part to the New Year celebrations with the Russian military contingent based in Syria. A day after the accident, some debris were found at a depth of 27 meters. 3,500 people are taking part to the salvage operations.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R in Prototskiye

Date & Time: Aug 6, 2014
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-17890
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Prototskiye - Prototskiye
MSN:
1G205-31
YOM:
1983
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Aircraft flight hours:
7503
Aircraft flight cycles:
38974
Circumstances:
On a crop-spraying flight from Prototskiye (Krasnoarmeisk district of the Krasnodar region), the engine lost power while the aircraft was flying at a height of some 45 metres. The crew attempted to make an forced landing in a rice paddy field located some 2 km east of Prototskiye, but the aircraft nosed over during the landing run and came to rest upside down in shallow water. Those parts of the fuselage which were above the water were consumed by the erupting fire and both pilots escaped unhurt.
Probable cause:
Engine failure caused by the fatigue of the exhaust collector.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R in Vostochnaya: 1 killed

Date & Time: Mar 23, 2013 at 1515 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-02203
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Vostochnaya - Vostochnaya
MSN:
1G234-34
YOM:
1989
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Aircraft flight hours:
3612
Aircraft flight cycles:
16267
Circumstances:
The day before the accident, crew was engaged in a crop spraying flight on agricultural field in Vostochnaya, near Ust-Labinsk, in the Krasnodar region. In flight, engine failed and crew made a forced landing in a field. As the carburetor was broken, it was replaced and an engine run test was performed. Shortly after take off on 23MAR2013, engine failed again. Aircraft stalled and crashed upside down in the Bakhotinski lake. A pilot was killed while the second one was injured. Aircraft was damaged beyond repair and the wreckage was recovered three days later.
Probable cause:
Engine failure.

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2R in Zasovskaya

Date & Time: Oct 9, 2011 at 1128 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-81514
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Zasovskaya - Zasovskaya
MSN:
1G208-14
YOM:
1984
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13000
Aircraft flight hours:
6449
Aircraft flight cycles:
30385
Circumstances:
Pilot was performing a spraying mission on sunflower plantations in Zasovskaya, Krasnodar kray. While flying at low altitude and preparing for a new low pass, the single engine aircraft hit power cables, stalled and crashed in flames in an open field. Aircraft was destroyed and the pilot was seriously injured.
Probable cause:
The cause of the accident without casualties to the plane An-2 RA-81514 was a violation of the established safe obstacle clearance in the performance of aviation-chemical works, which led to a collision with the lightning protection wire transmission line and the ground. A contributing factor was the performance of an incomplete flight crew. According to the An-2 Flight Manual the minimum crew for aerial chemical works is the commander of the aircraft and a co-pilot.
Final Report:

Crash of a PZL-Mielec AN-2 in Krasnodar: 1 killed

Date & Time: Aug 28, 2011 at 0912 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-01105
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
1G239-50
YOM:
1991
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Aircraft flight hours:
1208
Aircraft flight cycles:
4247
Circumstances:
Aircraft was performing a crop spraying flight in the district of Slavyansk on Kubani, in the Krasnodar region. Shortly after take off, engine lost power due to the use of sub-standard E95 fuel. Pilot started to drop the load of chemicals and attempted an emergency landing in a soya field near Baranikovski but the aircraft hit the slope of an irrigation drain, nosed over into the drain and burnt out. The pilot was killed as the observer was seriously injured. Russian authorities said the flight was illegal.
Probable cause:
Use of sub-standard E95 fuel. Operator's certificate was revoked by authorities three days prior to the accident.