Region

Crash of a Harbin Yunsunji Y-12-II in Haputale: 4 killed

Date & Time: Jan 3, 2020
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
SCL-857
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Wirawila - Colombo
MSN:
0021
YOM:
1990
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances in Haputale while completing a survey flight from Wirawila to Colombo-Ratmalana Airport. The aircraft was destroyed by a post crash fire and all four crew members were killed.

Crash of an Antonov AN-32B in Hokandara: 5 killed

Date & Time: Dec 12, 2014 at 0620 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
SCM-864
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Colombo - Colombo
MSN:
3509
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The approach to Colombo-Ratmalana Airport was completed in marginal weather conditions and low visibility. While too low, the aircraft hit the roof of a house and crashed inverted in flames in a wooded area located in Hokandara, less than 10 km from the runway threshold. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and post crash fire. A crew member was seriously injured while all four other occupants were killed. The only survivor died from his injuries six days later, on December 18.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-18D in Colombo

Date & Time: Feb 4, 2004 at 2233 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EX-005
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Dubai – Colombo
MSN:
188 0111 05
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
EXV3002
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful cargo flight from Dubai, the crew started the descent to Colombo-Bandaranaike Airport by night and good weather conditions, using a GPS and DME systems. After being cleared to descend to FL150, the crew received the QNH and QFE values for Colombo: 1009 mb (hectopascals) and 756 mm Hg. The copilot mistakenly input 765 mm Hg instead of 756 mm Hg in the altimeters. At a distance of 14 km from the airport, the aircraft was 60 metres above the sea. It continued to descend until the undercarriage struck the water surface at a distance of 10,7 km from the runway 04 threshold. The captain decided to initiate a go-around procedure but shortly later, at a height of about 60-90 metres, he continued the approach. Assuming the undercarriage may have been damaged, he decided to carry out a belly landing. The aircraft landed 50 metres to the right of the main runway and 450 metres past its threshold. The aircraft then slid for a distance of 2,230 before coming to rest. All seven occupants escaped uninjured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Antonov AN-32B in Jaffna

Date & Time: Jun 14, 2003
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CR-866
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Colombo - Jaffna
MSN:
36 01
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
50
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After landing at Jaffna-Palaly Airport, the aircraft went out of control and veered off runway. It collided with a signpost, injured one soldier on the ground and came to rest. All 55 occupants escaped uninjured but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Shaanxi Y-8B in Colombo: 5 killed

Date & Time: Aug 15, 2002 at 1235 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CR-873
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Colombo - Colombo
MSN:
07 08 02
YOM:
1993
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The crew departed Colombo-Ratmalana Airport for a local post maintenance test flight as one of the engine has been changed. During climbout, an engine caught fire. The crew was cleared to return for an emergency landing when the engine exploded and separated from the aircraft. Out of control, the airplane crashed in an open field, bursting into flames. All five crew members were killed. It was reported that the engine that caught fire was not the one that has been changed.
Probable cause:
Engine fire and explosion for unknown reasons.

Crash of an Antonov AN-26 in Anuradhapura: 40 killed

Date & Time: Mar 30, 2000
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
UR-79170
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Palaly - Colombo
MSN:
47313410
YOM:
1980
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
36
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
40
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Jaffna-Palaly Airport on a flight to Colombo, carrying mostly Marines officers. While in cruising altitude, the pilot reported an engine fire and diverted to Anuradhapura Airport. On approach, the aircraft went out of control and crashed in a wooded area located 14,5 km from the airport. The aircraft was totally destroyed and all 40 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
The aircraft was shot down by a Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) surface-to-air missile.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12BP in Colombo: 9 killed

Date & Time: Mar 24, 2000 at 1804 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
RA-11302
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bangkok - Colombo
MSN:
8 3 460 04
YOM:
1968
Flight number:
SCB702
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Captain / Total flying hours:
6719
Captain / Total hours on type:
961.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
10802
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1702
Aircraft flight hours:
7241
Aircraft flight cycles:
4651
Circumstances:
The Sky Cabs flight SCB701 originated in Colombo (Bandaranaike International Airport Colombo - hereinafter known as BIA Colombo), Sri Lanka at 1940 hours on 23rd March 2000. It landed in Bangkok, Thailand at 0120 hours on the following day after an uneventful flight. The alternate airport for Bangkok was Rayong/Ban U-Taphao (VTBU). The crew had recent experience in operating AN 12 flights between BIA Colombo and Bangkok International Airport, Thailand. The same flight crew made the return flight back to BIA Colombo after 4 hours and 20 minutes ground time in Bangkok. The crew had received the weather report from Aero Meteorological Division (AMD), prior to departure. An air traffic control flight plan was filed to BIA Colombo, the filed alternate airport was Male International (VRMM) in the Republic of Maldives. The aircraft was refueled adding 6681 kgs of fuel to the remaining 8300 kgs bringing the total fuel onboard to 14981 kg. Flight SCB702, cargo flight, departed Bangkok at 0540 hours on 24th March 2000 to BIA Colombo. The scheduled flight time for Bangkok – BIA Colombo was five hours and twenty minutes with a scheduled time of arrival of 1100 hours (17:00 hours Sri Lanka time). SCB702 made the first radio contact with Sri Lanka air traffic control at 1016 hours. The area controller passed SCB702 the latest weather report effective for BIA Colombo and later, a Sigmet valid at the time. When the control of the flight was handed to the approach radar controller (Director) by the area controller, at 1042 hours SCB 702 was asked to report his radial and DME from Colombo, (i.e. from “DVOR/DME KAT”). SCB702 reported as saying “074 radial and 55 DME ready for descent”, thus the two-way communication was established. Later, the flight SCB702 made two unsuccessful ILS approaches to runway 04. While on a radar heading to get established on the ILS to Runway 22 for a third attempt to land, the aircraft crashed 1.2 N.M. north-northwest of the threshold of Runway 22 (3.2 N.M. north-northeast of the DVOR/DME 'KAT') at BIA Colombo at 1204 hours (or 1804 hours in the evening, local time) on 24th March 2000. Six crew members and three people on the ground were killed.
Probable cause:
The aircraft accident occurred due to fuel starvation. Contributory factors to the accident are as follows:
i) Violation of Air Navigation Regulations on fuel planning;
ii) Failure of the flight crew to declare an emergency;
iii) Being unable to land due to adverse weather situation;
iv) Lack of communicability of the flight crew in English language;
v) Non-availability of established air traffic control procedures to assist an aircraft in distress;
vi) Failure of Sky Cabs (Pvt.) Ltd. to comply with the Air Navigation Regulations and the Conditions set-forth in Schedules issued with the Airline Lisence; and
vii) Absence of an effective Safety Oversight Program implemented by the Department of Civil Aviation, Sri Lanka.
Final Report:

Crash of an Antonov AN-24RV off Iranativu Island: 55 killed

Date & Time: Sep 29, 1998 at 1354 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
EW-46465
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Palaly - Colombo
MSN:
27307901
YOM:
1972
Flight number:
LNS602
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
48
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
55
Aircraft flight hours:
42442
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Palaly Airport at 1340LT on a schedule flight to Colombo, carrying 48 passengers and seven crew members. While climbing to an altitude of 8,000 feet, the captain contacted ATC and reported a cabin depressurization following an explosion. The aircraft entered an uncontrolled descent and crashed in the sea some 2 km south of Iranativu Island, 45 km south of Jaffna. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 55 occupants were killed. About 30% of the debris were found in May 2013.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the aircraft was shot down by a LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) rebels surface-to-air missile.

Crash of an Antonov AN-32B in Colombo: 4 killed

Date & Time: Feb 21, 1997 at 1045 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CR-865
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Colombo - Palaly
MSN:
35 10
YOM:
1996
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
59
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
During the takeoff roll at Colombo-Ratmalana Airport, the captain was ready to start the rotation when he suspected a technical problem and decided to abort the takeoff. At the same time, confusion sets in the cockpit and the copilot inadvertently retracts the landing gear, causing the aircraft to sink on the runway. It slid for few dozen metres and came to rest, bursting into flames. Four passengers were killed.