Crash of a Dornier DO228-202K in Viña del Mar: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 9, 2013 at 0950 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
CC-CNW
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Coquimbo - Viña del Mar
MSN:
8063
YOM:
1986
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
Crew was performing a positioning flight to Viña del Mar to pick up passengers to Los Perlambres mines. On approach in poor weather conditions due to fog, aircraft was too low and hit power lines. It stalled and crashed in an open field and was destroyed by impact forces. Both crew were killed.

Crash of a Dornier DO228-202K in Simikot

Date & Time: Jun 1, 2013 at 0714 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9N-AHB
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Nepālganj - Simikot
MSN:
8169
YOM:
1989
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Twin engine aircraft was performing a charter flight from Nepālganj to Simikot with two crew and five passengers on board. On approach to Simikot, ground fog and low visibility forced the crew to proceed with a go around. A second and a third attempt to land were also abandoned. Captain elected to land and descended through runway 28 but aircraft hit the ground short of runway threshold, lost its left main gear and came to rest on the right side of the runway with its left wing broken in two. The aircraft also suffered severe damage to its belly.

Crash of a Dornier DO228-202 in Kathmandu: 19 killed

Date & Time: Sep 28, 2012 at 0618 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9N-AHA
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kathmandu - Lukla
MSN:
8123
YOM:
1987
Flight number:
SIT601
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
16
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
19
Captain / Total flying hours:
8308
Captain / Total hours on type:
7112.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
772
Copilot / Total hours on type:
519
Circumstances:
Less than two minutes after take off from runway 20, during initial climb, crew informed ATC he encountered a bird strike and that an engine failed. Captain tried to return to Kathmandu Airport but aircraft turn left, stalled and crashed in flames near Manohara River, 420 meters from the end of runway 20. All 19 occupants, among them 7 British and 5 Chinese citizens, were killed.
Probable cause:
During level flight phase of the aircraft, the drag on the aircraft was greater than the power available and the aircraft decelerated. That resulted in excessive drag in such critical phase of ascent lowering the required thrust. The investigation was unable to determine the reason for the reduced thrust.
- The flight crew did not maintain the airspeed above the stall speed and there was insufficient height available to recover when the aircraft departed controlled flight.
Contributory factors:
- The flight crew did not maintain V2 during the climb and so the power required to maintain the level flight was greater than it would otherwise have been,
- The flight crew did not maintain the runway centerline which removed the option of landing the aircraft on the runway remaining.
No bird remains were found inside the engines, there was evidence however that the Black Kite had been struck by the right hand propeller.
The NAAIC concluded the analysis: "The investigation was unable to determine the cause of the thrust reduction."

Source: AvHerald

Crash of a Dornier DO228-212 in Jomsom: 15 killed

Date & Time: May 14, 2012 at 0945 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9N-AIG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Pokhara - Jomsom
MSN:
8216
YOM:
1997
Flight number:
AG-CHT
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
18
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
15
Captain / Total flying hours:
5776
Captain / Total hours on type:
596.00
Circumstances:
On final approach to runway 06 at Jomsom Airport, crew lowered the gear when they noticed a technical problem. While approaching the runway threshold, captain decided to abort the landing procedure and to divert to Pokhara. He executed a sharp U-turn to the left at a speed of 73 knots when the left wing hit a rocky hill located 270 meters from runway 24 threshold. Aircraft stalled and crashed on the slope of the hill and was destroyed by impact forces. The stewardess and five passengers were seriously injured while all 15 other occupants, among them both pilots, were killed.
Probable cause:
The captain took the decision to make a sharp turn to the left at 73 knots without considering the turn radial and the rising terrain, which resulted in a continuous stall warning during the remaining 12 seconds of flight. The left hand wing of the aircraft struck a rock and the aircraft disintegrated. Thus, the decision of the captain to initiate a turn to the left at this stage of the flight was against all published procedures. The panel stated the commander was a senior flight instructor employed by Civil Aviation Authority Nepal.

Crash of a Dornier DO228 near Kathmandu: 14 killed

Date & Time: Aug 24, 2010 at 0725 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9N-AHE
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Kathmandu - Lukla
MSN:
7032
YOM:
1985
Flight number:
AG101
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
12
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
14
Circumstances:
On approach to Lukla, crew divert to Simara due to bad weather conditions. At Simara, crew decided to return to Kathmandu due to weather deterioration. On descent to Kathmandu, while approaching runway 02, a generator failed and aircraft crashed in an open field some 30 km southeast of Tribhuvan Airport. All 14 occupants were killed, among them four Americans, one British and one Japanese.
Probable cause:
Generator failure on approach for undetermined reason.

Crash of a Dornier DO228 in Cambridge Bay

Date & Time: Dec 13, 2008 at 0143 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
C-FYEV
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Resolute Bay - Cambridge Bay
MSN:
8133
YOM:
1987
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
12
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13400
Captain / Total hours on type:
802.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
850
Copilot / Total hours on type:
470
Circumstances:
The Summit Air Charters Dornier 228-202 was on a charter flight from Resolute Bay to Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, under instrument flight rules. While on final approach to Runway 31 True, the aircraft collided with the ground approximately 1.5 nautical miles from the threshold at 0143 mountain standard time. Of the 2 pilots and 12 passengers on board, 2 persons received serious injuries. The aircraft was substantially damaged. The emergency locator transmitter activated, and the crew notified the Cambridge Bay Airport radio operator of the accident via the aircraft radio. Local ground search efforts found the aircraft within 30 minutes, and all occupants were removed from the site within two hours.
Probable cause:
An abbreviated visual approach was conducted at night in instrument meteorological conditions, which resulted in the flight crew’s inability to obtain sufficient visual reference to judge their height above the ground.
The flight crew did not monitor pressure altimeter readings or reference the minimum altitude requirements in relation to aircraft position on the approach, resulting in controlled flight into terrain.
The pilots had not received training and performance checks for the installed global positioning system (GPS) equipment, and were not fully competent in its use. The attempts at adjusting the settings likely distracted the pilots from maintaining the required track and ground clearance during the final approach.
Final Report: