Country
code

Dhawalagiri

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter 400 near Dana: 23 killed

Date & Time: Feb 24, 2016 at 0800 LT
Operator:
Registration:
9N-AHH
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Pokhara – Jomsom
MSN:
926
YOM:
2015
Flight number:
TA193
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
20
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
23
Captain / Total flying hours:
20800
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft (a Viking Air DHC-6 Twin Otter 400 version) left Pokhara at 0750LT bound for Jomsom, a 18 minutes flight. About ten minutes later, while cruising in marginal weather conditions, the aircraft hit the slope of a mountain and crashed. As it failed to arrive at destination, SAR operations were conducted and the wreckage was found at 1325LT. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all 23 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the crew deviated from the prescribed route to the left while descending to Jomsom due to the presence of clouds in the area. In doing so, the aircraft descended to 10,000 feet in clouds while flying under visual flight rules (VFR). When the GPWS warning sounded, the crew failed to react immediately and the aircraft hit a cliff at the altitude of 10,700 feet before coming to rest at the altitude of 10,982 feet. The commission reported that ignoring the GPWS warning had become habit with certain flight crews.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin 300 Otter in Jomsom

Date & Time: May 16, 2013 at 0833 LT
Operator:
Registration:
9N-ABO
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Pokhara - Jomsom
MSN:
0638
YOM:
1979
Flight number:
RNA555
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
18
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
8451
Captain / Total hours on type:
8131.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1396
Copilot / Total hours on type:
1202
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful and short flight from Pokhara, crew was authorized to land on runway 24 with a wind component between 8 and 12 knots. For unknown reasons, captain preferred to land on runway 06 with a tailwind component which exceeded the company’s standard operating procedure. Flare was long and aircraft landed 776 feet past the runway 06 threshold (runway 06 is 2,424 long). 194 feet after touch down, aircraft left runway to the right, went through a grassy area and rolled for 705 feet before coming again onto runway. Captain decided to perform a go around and increased the engine power but aircraft did not lift off due to insufficient speed. It overrun, went down an embankment and eventually came to rest, broken in two, in the bank of the Kaligandaki River. All occupants were injured, six of them seriously.
Probable cause:
The Accident Investigation Commission has determined the most probable cause of the accident was the inappropriate conduct of STOL procedure and landing technique carried out by the PIC, during landing phase and an endeavor to carry out take off again with no sufficient airspeed, no required lifting force and non availability of required runway length to roll. Contributory factors to the occurrence is the absence of proper CRM in terms of communication, coordination and briefing in between crew members on intention and action being taken by PIC, during pre and post landing phase.

Crash of a Dornier DO228-212 in Jomsom: 15 killed

Date & Time: May 14, 2012 at 0945 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9N-AIG
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Pokhara - Jomsom
MSN:
8216
YOM:
1997
Flight number:
AG-CHT
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
18
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
15
Captain / Total flying hours:
5776
Captain / Total hours on type:
596.00
Circumstances:
On final approach to runway 06 at Jomsom Airport, crew lowered the gear when they noticed a technical problem. While approaching the runway threshold, captain decided to abort the landing procedure and to divert to Pokhara. He executed a sharp U-turn to the left at a speed of 73 knots when the left wing hit a rocky hill located 270 meters from runway 24 threshold. Aircraft stalled and crashed on the slope of the hill and was destroyed by impact forces. The stewardess and five passengers were seriously injured while all 15 other occupants, among them both pilots, were killed.
Probable cause:
The captain took the decision to make a sharp turn to the left at 73 knots without considering the turn radial and the rising terrain, which resulted in a continuous stall warning during the remaining 12 seconds of flight. The left hand wing of the aircraft struck a rock and the aircraft disintegrated. Thus, the decision of the captain to initiate a turn to the left at this stage of the flight was against all published procedures. The panel stated the commander was a senior flight instructor employed by Civil Aviation Authority Nepal.

Crash of a Harbin Yunsunji Y-12 in Jomsom

Date & Time: Nov 8, 1993 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
9N-ACS
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Pokhara-Jomsom
MSN:
0044
YOM:
1991
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
16
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter 100 in Jomsom: 1 killed

Date & Time: Feb 27, 1970
Operator:
Registration:
9N-RF9
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Jomsom - Kathmandu
MSN:
102
YOM:
1968
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances while taking off from Jomsom Airport. A passenger was killed.