Crash of a Swearingen SA227AC Metro III in Saltillo

Date & Time: May 24, 2018
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
XA-UPP
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Saltillo - Saltillo
MSN:
AC-736
YOM:
1989
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The crew was completing a training flight at Saltillo-Plan de Guadalupe Airport. After touchdown on runway 17, the airplane veered off runway to the left, lost its right main gear and came to rest about 600 metres from the runway threshold. All three crew members evacuated safely and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Swearingen SA227AC Metro III in Tampico

Date & Time: Jun 2, 2017 at 2245 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
XA-UAJ
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Saltillo – Puebla
MSN:
AC-586
YOM:
1984
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
3280
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1144
Aircraft flight hours:
35318
Aircraft flight cycles:
43028
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Saltillo Airport on a night cargo flight to Puebla, carrying two pilots and a load of 550 kilos of various goods. En route, the crew declared an emergency and reported a low fuel condition before being cleared to divert to Tampico-General Francisco Javier Mina Airport. On final approach, both engines stopped and the aircraft descended into trees and crashed in a wooded area located 850 metres short of runway 31. Both pilots were slightly injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Emergency landing due to an inadequate pre-flight of the aircraft which resulted in the loss of power of both engines during the cruise flight due to exhaustion of fuel on board.
Contributing factors:
- Lack of adherence to flight planning procedures.
- Lack of coordination between captain and operations officer during pre-flight preparation.
- Lack of supervision of dispatcher activities.
Final Report:

Crash of a BAe 125-700A in Saltillo: 8 killed

Date & Time: Apr 19, 2014 at 1946 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
XA-UKR
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Cozumel - Saltillo
MSN:
257191
YOM:
1982
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
6
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Captain / Total flying hours:
12984
Captain / Total hours on type:
4470.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
620
Copilot / Total hours on type:
67
Aircraft flight hours:
6166
Aircraft flight cycles:
4699
Circumstances:
Following an uneventful flight from Cozumel, the crew initiated an ILS/DME2 approach to Saltillo-Plan de Guadalupe Airport Runway 17. On final, the crew encountered poor visibility due to foggy conditions. Despite he was unable to establish a visual contact with the runway, the crew continued the approach and descended below the MDA when the aircraft collided with power cables and crashed on a building located in an industrial park, 1,448 metres short of runway. The aircraft was destroyed by impact forces and a post crash fire and all eight occupants were killed. The building was also destroyed by fire. At the time of the accident, the horizontal visibility was estimated to be 800 metres with a vertical visibility of 200 feet.
Probable cause:
The accident was the consequence of the decision of the crew to continue the approach below MDA in IMC conditions until the aircraft collided with power cables and impacted ground. The following contributing factors were identified:
- The approach was unstable,
- The decision of the crew to continue the approach below MDA without visual contact with the runway,
- Poor safety culture by the operator,
- The crew failed to comply with procedures related to an ILS/DME2 approach to runway 17,
- Lack of crew resources management,
- The crew failed to respond to the GPWS alarm,
- The crew did not monitor the altitude during the final approach,
- Poor weather conditions with a visibility below minimums,
- Inadequate maintenance controls,
- The crew failed to follow the SOP's.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-33CF in Saltillo

Date & Time: Jan 18, 2014 at 0423 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
XA-UQM
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Managua – Tapachula – Saltillo
MSN:
47191/280
YOM:
1968
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
13447
Captain / Total hours on type:
9235.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
10736
Copilot / Total hours on type:
525
Aircraft flight hours:
57319
Aircraft flight cycles:
53457
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Managua on a cargo flight to Saltillo with an intermediate stop in Tapachula, carrying two passengers and two pilots on behalf of DHL. During a night approach to Saltillo Airport, the crew was cleared to land on runway 17. One minute later, he initiated a go-around and decided to divert to Monterrey Airport which was the alternate. Due to a poor flight preparation, the crew was unaware that Monterrey Airport was closed to traffic that night. So few minutes later, the crew returned to Saltillo and was again cleared to land on runway 17. At that time, weather conditions were marginal with a limited visibility due to fog. Following an ILS CAT I approach, the pilot-in-command descended below the MDA and continued the approach despite he did not establish any visual contact with the runway and its equipment. The aircraft landed hard to the right of the runway and on the last third of the runway. After landing, the aircraft rolled for few dozen metres, lost its nose gear and came to rest against an embankment. All four occupants were injured and the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Continuing the precision approach (ILS CAT 1) in conditions of reduced visibility by fog (no visual contact with the runway at an airport below minimums), which resulted in an abrupt landing and misaligned to the right on the last third of the runway, during a second landing attempt. The continuation of the landing was the lack of fuel to fly to a second alternate airport not contemplated in the operation.
Contributing factors:
1. Lack of analysis of pre-flight operational information (current NOTAMs, METAR, forecasts, fuel to second alternate airport and flight tracking).
2. Unstabilized approach.
3. Lack of application of CRM concepts.
4. Lack of adherence to procedure - operations, of providing METAR and NOTAM to the crew for the dispatch of the aircraft.
5. Lack of adherence to the procedure for flight control and tracking.
6. Lack of procedures to establish two alternate airports when the destination airport is below minimums.
7. Lack of Company supervision, operation and maintenance surveillance of aircraft flight recorders.
Final Report:

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-15F in Saltillo: 1 killed

Date & Time: Jul 6, 2008 at 0113 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N199US
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Hamilton – Shreveport – Saltillo
MSN:
47153/185
YOM:
1967
Flight number:
JUS199
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
7146
Captain / Total hours on type:
2587.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
6842
Copilot / Total hours on type:
88
Aircraft flight hours:
54141
Aircraft flight cycles:
69161
Circumstances:
The aircraft departed Hamilton, Ontario, on a cargo flight to Saltillo, Coahuila, with an intermediate stop in Shreveport, LA, carrying two pilots and a load consisting of 4 tons of auto parts. The aircraft arrived in Shreveport at 2319LT and departed at 2348LT. On approach to Saltillo-Plan de Guadalupe Airport, the crew encountered low visibility due to poor weather conditions and dark night. On final approach to runway 17, as the captain was unable to establish a visual contact with the runway, he decided to abandon the approach and initiated a go-around procedure. Nine seconds later, the aircraft stuck the ground and crashed 550 metres to the east of the runway 17 threshold, bursting into flames. The aircraft was totally destroyed, the captain was killed and the copilot was seriously injured.
Probable cause:
The continuation of an unstable final approach without having the runway in sight and the consequent loss of control at low altitude in view of the imminent impact.
The following contributing factors were identified:
- Weather conditions at the airport,
- Unstabilized approach,
- Crew fatigue,
- Lack of experience of the copilot,
- Failure to follow proper procedures,
- Lack of operational procedures,
- Not following proper Saltillo tower controller procedures,
- Lack of supervision by the authority,
- The coincidence of factors that individually would not represent a substantial increase in the risk of the operations, but that in this case were added, that is; late night flight, little experience of the co-pilot, omission of briefing by the captain, a single Jeppesen for two pilots, DME #2 inoperative, captain command bars inoperative, DME arc, ILS/DME approach, omission of fog bank report and finally saturation in the communications with the Monterrey Control Center.
Final Report:

Crash of a Cessna 421A Golden Eagle I in Saltillo

Date & Time: Apr 25, 2008 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
XB-WUF
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Saltillo – Aguascalientes
MSN:
421A-0124
YOM:
1968
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
Shortly after takeoff from Saltillo-Plan de Guadalupe Airport, while in initial climb, one of the engine caught fire. The pilot attempted an emergency landing when the aircraft crash landed in a field past the runway end, bursting into flames. All six occupants escaped with minor injuries and the aircraft was destroyed.
Probable cause:
Engine fire for unknown reasons.

Crash of a Rockwell Sabreliner 40 in Saltillo

Date & Time: Jun 30, 2007 at 1330 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
XA-SMR
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Monterrey – Saltillo
MSN:
282-71
YOM:
1966
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
The twin engine aircraft departed Monterrey-General Mariano Escobido Airport at 1305LT on a taxi flight to Saltillo, carrying two passengers and two pilots. After landing on runway 35 at Saltillo Airport, the aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining distance. It overran and came to rest 50 metres further in a rocky area. All four occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of a Beechcraft B90 King Air in Pesqueria

Date & Time: Mar 7, 1997 at 1210 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
XB-CIO
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Saltillo - Monterrey
MSN:
LJ-387
YOM:
1969
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
While in cruising altitude on a flight from Saltillo to Monterrey, both engines failed simultaneously. The pilot was able to reduce his altitude and attempted an emergency landing in an open field located near Pesqueria. Both occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Double engine failure in flight caused by a fuel exhaustion.

Crash of a Cessna 208B Grand Caravan near Piedras Negras: 9 killed

Date & Time: Oct 31, 1995 at 2050 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
XA-SVM
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Saltillo - Piedras Negras
MSN:
208B-0214
YOM:
1990
Flight number:
TAC108
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Circumstances:
The pilot started the descent to Piedras Negras by night with a limited visibility due to poor weather conditions (drizzle and mist). Too low, the single engine aircraft struck the slope of a hill located 16 km from Piedras Negras Airport. Two passengers were seriously injured while nine other occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain after the pilot decided to continue the descent in below minima weather conditions.

Crash of a Rockwell Sabreliner 75A in Saltillo

Date & Time: Oct 26, 1989
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TP-101
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Mexico City - Saltillo
MSN:
380-67
YOM:
1978
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
After touchdown at Saltillo-Plan de Guadalupe Airport, the aircraft was unable to stop within the remaining distance and overran. It struck obstacles, lost its undercarriage and came to rest few dozen meters further. All seven occupants escaped uninjured while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair. It had the dual registration TP-101 and XC-UJC.