Crash of a Britten-Norman Islander near Jhuosi: 3 killed

Date & Time: Aug 30, 2012 at 0915 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
B-68801
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Taipeh - Taitung
MSN:
2255
YOM:
1991
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Aircraft flight hours:
4909
Aircraft flight cycles:
2426
Circumstances:
On August 30, 2012, a RAC’s BN-2B-26 aircraft, registration number B-68801, contracted by Real World Engineering Consultants Inc. (Real World) to perform an aerial photogrammetry mission with a captain, a first officer and an aerial photographer on board. The flight plan was to take off from Songshan Airport, requested for instrument departure and visual flight rules to conduct aerial photogrammetry mission in Hualien and Taitung area, the aircraft planned to land at Taitung Airport after the mission accomplished. The aircraft took off at 0726, approximately 18 minutes after took off, the flight crew changed flight mode from instrument flight rules to visual flight rules. At 0827, the aircraft entered Hualien County Fenglin, Guangfu, Wanrong aerial photograph area, maintain 8,300 feet to 8,500 feet altitude and continued climbing to Jhuosi, Hualien County photo area at 0919. From 0837 to 0843, Taipei Approach informed the flight crew ‘Radar can’t cover you…..make sure maintain visual flight’. There were about 7 times communication blockage between the aircraft and Taipei Approach during 0755 to 0913 period. The Kaohsiung Approach Control contacted the aircraft at 0913:39 and lost contact with the aircraft at 0914:20 after the last communication. At 0920:55, the aircraft was at 260 degrees, 31.5 km mountain area from Yuli, Taitung and began to turn right heading 280 degrees. The last recorded Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) device data was 262 degrees, 35.9 km west of Yuli′s mountain area with coordinates of 23 ° 20 ′25.01 " latitude and 121 ° 01′ 50.03" longitude. At the time of the last recording, the aircraft was at 9,572 feet with about 69 knots ground speed, 250 degrees heading, the climb rate was 874 ft / min and the pitch was 23.5 degrees. At 0940, Taipei Mission Control Center (MCC) received ELT (Emergency Locator Transmitter) signals, about the same time, Japan Coast Guard informed Rescue Command Center, Executive Yuan (RCC) of the same ELT signals. After verification with Civil Aeronautics Administration, Ministry of Transportation and Communications (CAA), RCC confirmed that the aircraft had lost contact. At 0955 on September 1, 2012, the search and rescue aircraft discovered the aircraft crashed at altitude about 9,568 feet of the original forest, about 20 kilometers southwest of Jhuosi, Hualien County. Three crew members on board were killed, and the aircraft was destroyed.

Crash of a McDonnell Douglas MD-90-30 in Hualien

Date & Time: Aug 24, 1999 at 1236 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
B-17912
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Taipei - Hualien
MSN:
53536
YOM:
1996
Flight number:
UNI873
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
90
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
6532
Captain / Total hours on type:
1205.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
5167
Copilot / Total hours on type:
96
Aircraft flight hours:
4929
Aircraft flight cycles:
7736
Circumstances:
As the MD-90 touched down following a 25-minute flight from Taipei, there was a loud noise from the front of the cabin and thick black smoke poured from one of the overhead luggage compartments on the right hand side of the plane. Insulation and charred luggage littered the runway. Passengers were swiftly evacuated, but it took firefighters more than half an hour to control the fire. Twenty-eight people were injured. Preliminary investigation reports in 1999 indicated that the blast was caused by two bottles of household bleach. However, the Hualien District Court judges decided the bottles contained gasoline. According to the judges, Ku Chin-shui had put the gasoline into two plastic bleach bottles and gave them to his nephew. The gasoline leaked during the flight and exploded when it caused a short-circuit in a motorbike battery in a nearby overhead luggage compartment. In July 2003 Ku appealed a seven-and-a-half-year prison term. Considering the prosecutor's case against Ku to be full of holes, the Supreme Court ordered a retrial.
Probable cause:
A flammable liquid (gasoline) inside bleach and softener bottles and sealed with silicone was carried on board the aircraft. A combustible vapor formed as the leaking gasoline filled the stowage bin, and the impact of the landing aircraft created a short in a battery. The short ignited the gasoline vapor and created the explosion. Contributing factors to the accident were:
- The Civil Aeronautical Administration Organic Regulations and its operational bylaws fail to designate any entity as responsible for hazardous materials;
- The Aviation Police fail to properly recruit and train personnel, to include preparing training materials and evaluating training performance. Some new recruits were found to have not received any formal security check training, but instead were following instructions from senior inspectors. Consequently, new inspectors cannot be relied upon to identify hazardous materials;
- The detectors and inspectors failed to detect the hazardous materials. The detectors used by the Aviation Police did not detect the banned motorcycle batteries, nor did security inspectors detect the liquid bleach, a banned corrosive substance.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 737-209 in Hualien: 54 killed

Date & Time: Oct 26, 1989 at 1855 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
B-180
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Hualien - Taipei
MSN:
23795
YOM:
1986
Flight number:
CI204
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
47
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
54
Circumstances:
Following a night takeoff from runway 03 at Hualien Airport, while climbing, the crew initiated a turn to the left when, at an altitude of 7,000 feet, the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located in the Chiashan Mountain Range located about 10 km northwest of the airport. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all 54 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
It was determined that the collision with the ground was the consequence of a controlled flight into terrain after the crew failed to follow the proper departure route and published procedure.
The following contributing factors were reported:
- Poor flight preparation,
- The crew failed to follow the departure route from runway 03 and initiated a turn to the left, a procedure valid for runway 21 departure onl. After takeoff from runway 03, crew must turn to the right over the sea,
- Poor crew coordination,
- The crew failed to follow the pre-takeoff checklist,
- Poor visibility due to the night.

Crash of a Britten-Norman BN-2A-8 Islander near Hualien: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jun 13, 1981
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
B-11108
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Taitung – Hualien – Taipei
MSN:
701
YOM:
1973
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Circumstances:
After takeoff from Hualien Airport, while climbing in thunderstorm activity, the airplane encountered severe turbulences. It went out of control, dove into the ground and crashed in a cliff located 12 km from Hualien. Both occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Loss of control due to severe turbulences in stormy weather.

Crash of a Vickers 837 Viscount in Taipei: 27 killed

Date & Time: Jul 31, 1975
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
B-2029
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Hualien - Taipei
MSN:
439
YOM:
1960
Flight number:
FE134
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
70
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
27
Circumstances:
On final approach to Taipei-Songshan Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity, heavy rain falls and low level windshear. The four engine airplane was caught by downdraft (microburst) and crashed few hundred meters short of runway threshold. 27 occupants were killed while 48 others were injured.
Probable cause:
Loss of control and short final after the aircraft has been caught by low level windshear.

Crash of a NAMC YS-11A-219 in Taipei: 14 killed

Date & Time: Aug 12, 1970
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
B-156
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Hualien-Taipei
MSN:
2110
YOM:
1969
Flight number:
CI206
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
26
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
14
Circumstances:
On approach to Taipei-Songshan Airport, the crew encountered poor weather conditions with thunderstorm activity. Control was lost and the airplane crashed in a bamboo plantation located on the top of a hill. Two crew members and 12 passengers were killed while 14 other occupants were injured.