Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain in Richmond

Date & Time: Apr 11, 2011 at 2127 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N3547C
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Richmond - Charlotte
MSN:
31-8052018
YOM:
1980
Flight number:
SKQ601
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
1948
Captain / Total hours on type:
31.00
Aircraft flight hours:
17265
Circumstances:
The twin-engine airplane was scheduled for a routine night cargo flight. Witnesses and radar data described the airplane accelerating down the runway to a maximum ground speed of 97 knots, then entering an aggressive climb before leveling and pitching down. The airplane subsequently impacted a parallel taxiway with its landing gear retracted. Slash marks observed on the taxiway pavement, as well as rotation signatures observed on the remaining propeller blades, indicated that both engines were operating at impact. Additionally, postaccident examination of the wreckage revealed no evidence of any preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions of the airframe or either engine. The as-found position of the cargo placed the airplane within the normal weight and balance envelope, with no evidence of a cargo-shift having occurred, and the as-found position of the elevator trim jackscrew was consistent with a neutral pitch trim setting. According to the airframe manufacturer's prescribed takeoff procedure, the pilot was to accelerate the airplane to an airspeed of 85 knots, increase the pitch to a climb angle that would allow the airplane to accelerate past 96 knots, and retract the landing gear before accelerating past 128 knots. Given the loading and environmental conditions that existed on the night of the accident, the airplane's calculated climb performance should have been 1,800 feet per minute. Applying the prevailing wind conditions about time of the accident to the airplane's radar-observed ground speed during the takeoff revealed a maximum estimated airspeed of 111 knots, and the airplane's maximum calculated climb rate briefly exceeded 3,000 feet per minute. The airplane then leveled for a brief time, decelerated, and began descending, a profile that suggested that the airplane likely entered an aerodynamic stall during the initial climb.
Probable cause:
The pilot’s failure to maintain adequate airspeed during the initial climb, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall and subsequent impact with the ground.
Final Report:

Crash of an Airbus A320 in New York

Date & Time: Jan 15, 2009 at 1531 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N106US
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
New York - Charlotte
MSN:
1044
YOM:
1999
Flight number:
US1549
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
150
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
19663
Captain / Total hours on type:
4765.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
15643
Copilot / Total hours on type:
37
Aircraft flight hours:
25241
Aircraft flight cycles:
16299
Circumstances:
Aircraft experienced an almost complete loss of thrust in both engines after encountering a flock of birds and was subsequently ditched on the Hudson River about 8.5 miles from La Guardia Airport (LGA), New York City, New York. The flight was en route to Charlotte Douglas International Airport, Charlotte, North Carolina, and had departed LGA about 2 minutes before the in-flight event occurred. The 150 passengers, including a lap held child, and 5 crew members evacuated the airplane via the forward and overwing exits. One flight attendant and four passengers were seriously injured, and the airplane was substantially damaged.
Probable cause:
The ingestion of large birds into each engine, which resulted in an almost total loss of thrust in both engines and the subsequent ditching on the Hudson River. Contributing to the fuselage damage and resulting unavailability of the aft slide/rafts were:
-the Federal Aviation Administration’s approval of ditching certification without determining whether pilots could attain the ditching parameters without engine thrust,
-the lack of industry flight crew training and guidance on ditching techniques,
-the captain’s resulting difficulty maintaining his intended airspeed on final approach due to the task saturation resulting from the emergency situation.
Contributing to the survivability of the accident was:
-the decision-making of the flight crew members and their crew resource management during the accident sequence,
-the fortuitous use of an airplane that was equipped for an extended overwater flight, including the availability of the forward slide/rafts, even though it was not required to be so equipped
-the performance of the cabin crew members while expediting the evacuation of the airplane,
-the proximity of the emergency responders to the accident site and their immediate and appropriate response to the accident.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft Super King Air 200 in Lewisburg: 2 killed

Date & Time: Jun 13, 2004 at 0830 LT
Operator:
Registration:
N200BE
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Summerville-Lewisburg-Charlotte
MSN:
BB-0832
YOM:
1981
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Captain / Total flying hours:
10400
Captain / Total hours on type:
1500.00
Aircraft flight hours:
9449
Circumstances:

The crew was positioning to Lewisburg to pick up passengers bound for Charlotte, North Carolina. On descent, the twin engine aircraft crashed in a wooded area on Big Mountain, some 15 miles from the airport. Both pilots were killed.

Crash of a Beechcraft 1900D in Charlotte: 21 killed

Date & Time: Jan 8, 2003 at 0849 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N233YV
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Charlotte-Greenville
MSN:
UE-233
YOM:
1996
Flight number:
US5481
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
19
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
21
Captain / Total flying hours:
2790
Captain / Total hours on type:
1100.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
706
Copilot / Total hours on type:
706
Aircraft flight hours:
15003
Aircraft flight cycles:
21332
Circumstances:
After liftoff, the commuter banked left and crashed onto a hangar. NTSB suspected technical problem with elevator control system which was replaced two days before the accident.

Crash of a Fokker 100 in Dallas

Date & Time: May 23, 2001 at 1504 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N1419D
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Charlotte-Dallas
MSN:
11402
YOM:
1992
Flight number:
AA1107
Location:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
88
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
14000
Captain / Total hours on type:
3600.00
Aircraft flight hours:
21589

Crash of a Piper PA-31 Navajo Chieftain in Moreland: 2 killed

Date & Time: Sep 21, 1999 at 0522 LT
Registration:
N27343
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Charlotte-Moreland
MSN:
31-7752163
YOM:
1977
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
2
Captain / Total flying hours:
2000
Captain / Total hours on type:
250.00
Aircraft flight hours:
8340

Crash of a Beechcraft King Air 100 in Charlotte: 1 killed

Date & Time: Dec 10, 1997 at 2321 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N30SA
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Lewisberg-Concord
MSN:
BB-246
YOM:
1979
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
1
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
14320
Aircraft flight hours:
6575

Crash of a Beechcraft C45 in Tennessee

Date & Time: Feb 2, 1996 at 1830 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N204AA
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Madison-Charlotte
MSN:
AF-079
YOM:
1954
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
5400
Captain / Total hours on type:
350.00
Aircraft flight hours:
16972

Crash of a Douglas DC-9-31 in Charlotte: 37 killed

Date & Time: Jul 2, 1994 at 1843 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N954VJ
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Columbia - Charlotte
MSN:
47590
YOM:
1973
Flight number:
US1016
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
52
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
37
Captain / Total flying hours:
8065
Captain / Total hours on type:
1970.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
12980
Copilot / Total hours on type:
3180
Aircraft flight hours:
53917
Aircraft flight cycles:
63147
Circumstances:
Crashed on final approach to Charlotte, killing 37 passengers.
Probable cause:
The board determines that the probable cause of the accident was:
- The flight crew's decision to continue an approach into severe convective activity that was conducive to a microburst,
- the flight crew's failure to recognize a windshear situation in a timely manner,
- the flight crew's failure to establish and maintain the proper airplane attitude and thrust setting necessary to escape the windshear,
- the lack of real-time adverse weather and windshear hazard information dissemination from air traffic control, all of which led to an encounter with and failure to escape from a microburst-induced windshear that was produced by a rapidly developing thunderstorm located at the approach end of runway 18R.
The following factors were considered as contributory:
- the lack of air traffic control procedures that would have required the controller to display and issue ASR-9 radar weather information to the pilots of flight 1016,
- the Charlotte tower supervisor's failure to properly advise and ensure that all controllers were aware of and reporting the reduction in visibility and the RVR value information, and the low level windshear alerts that had occurred in multiple quadrants,
- the inadequate remedial actions by USAir to ensure adherence to standard operating procedures,
- the inadequate software logic in the airplane's windshear warning system that did not provide an alert upon entry into the windshear.

Crash of a Beechcraft H18 in Morganton: 1 killed

Date & Time: Feb 26, 1992 at 0826 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
N347G
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Charlotte-Morganton
MSN:
BA-654
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
1
Captain / Total flying hours:
10000
Captain / Total hours on type:
3000.00
Aircraft flight hours:
13506