Country
code

Cundinamarca

Crash of a Piper PA-31-350 Navajo Chieftain in Chingaza: 9 killed

Date & Time: Jun 2, 1983
Registration:
HK-2456P
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
31-8052145
YOM:
1980
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
8
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Circumstances:
Few minutes after takeoff from Bogotá-Guaymaral Airport, while climbing, the pilot encountered technical problems and lost control of the airplane that crashed in hilly terrain located near Chingaza, about 40 km southeast of Bogotá. All nine occupants were killed.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 near Quetame: 22 killed

Date & Time: Nov 29, 1982
Operator:
Registration:
HK-2536
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
San José del Guaviare - Bogotá
MSN:
713
YOM:
1980
Flight number:
VX189
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
20
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
22
Circumstances:
While cruising under VFR mode in poor weather conditions, the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located near Quetame. The aircraft was destroyed upon impact and all 22 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain after the crew decided to continue under VFR mode into adverse weather conditions (IMC). En route navigation errors on part of the crew and inadequate training procedures were considered as contributing factors.

Crash of a Vickers 745D Viscount near Quetame: 21 killed

Date & Time: Mar 26, 1982 at 1525 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-2382
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Villavicencio - Bogotá
MSN:
212
YOM:
1956
Flight number:
RS217
Country:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
15
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
21
Circumstances:
While flying at an altitude of 7,700 feet in stormy weather, the four engine airplane struck the slope of a mountain located near Quetame. The wreckage was found few hours later and all 21 occupants were killed.

Crash of a Douglas DC-6BF near Subachoque: 4 killed

Date & Time: Feb 19, 1982
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-1706
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
44168
YOM:
1953
Country:
Crew on board:
4
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
4
Circumstances:
The four engine aircraft was approaching Bogotá-El Dorado Airport when it crashed in a mountainous terrain located about 18 km north of the airport. The wreckage was found on Mt Tablazo near Subachoque. All four crew members were killed.

Crash of a Douglas C-54A-5-DC Skymaster near Chipaque: 13 killed

Date & Time: Jan 15, 1976 at 0700 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-172
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bogotá - La Macarena
MSN:
10280
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
10
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
13
Circumstances:
While flying in clouds, the four engine airplane struck the slope of a mountain (3,540 metres high) located about 30 km east of Chipaque, in an area located in the west part of Meta. The wreckage was 800 metres below the point of impact, in a canyon. All 13 occupants were killed.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain.

Crash of a Rockwell Shrike Commander 500S near San Francisco de Sales: 5 killed

Date & Time: Dec 18, 1972 at 1839 LT
Registration:
HK-1208
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Barranquilla - Bogotá
MSN:
500-3109
YOM:
1971
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
4
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
5
Circumstances:
The twin engine airplane departed Barranquilla-Ernesto Cotissoz Airport at 1630LT on a flight to Bogotá-El Dorado. While flying by night and limited visibility, the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located near San Francisco de Sales, about 35 km northwest of Bogotá. The aircraft was destroyed upon impact and all five occupants were killed.

Crash of a De Havilland DHC-2 Beaver near La Palma: 3 killed

Date & Time: Feb 6, 1968 at 1143 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-1101-G
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Barrancabermeja – Bogotá
MSN:
97
YOM:
1951
Country:
Crew on board:
1
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
2
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
The single engine aircraft departed Barrancabermeja Airport at 0900LT bound for Bogotá-Eldorado Airport. En route, the airplane struck the slope of a mountain located in the region of La Palma. The wreckage was found ten days later and all three occupants have been killed.

Crash of a Douglas C-47 near Chipaque: 11 killed

Date & Time: Jan 6, 1966 at 1822 LT
Operator:
Registration:
FAC-675
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bogotá – Barranca de Upía – San Pedro de Arimena – Orocué – San Luis de Palenque – Aguazul – Monterrey – Paz de Ariporo – Cravo Norte – Coroza – Tame – Bogotá
Country:
Crew on board:
2
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
9
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
11
Circumstances:
The aircraft was completing a special flight out from Bogotá and return on behalf of the Bank of Bogotá, carrying people from isolated area. Following stopover in Barranca de Upía, San Pedro de Arimena, Orocué, San Luis de Palenque, Aguazul, Monterrey, Paz de Ariporo, Cravo Norte, Coroza and Tame, the aircraft was returning to the capital city with nine passengers and two pilots on board. About eight minutes before the ETA at El Dorado Airport, the airplane struck the slope of a mountain located near Chipaque. The aircraft was destroyed and all 11 occupants were killed.

Crash of a Douglas B-18A Bolo in San Pedro de Jagua: 3 killed

Date & Time: Jun 29, 1965
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
HK-537
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
MSN:
2534
YOM:
1937
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
Crashed in unknown circumstances while completing a cargo flight, carrying a load of food. All three crew members were killed.

Crash of a Douglas C-47A-5-DK in Facatativá: 28 killed

Date & Time: Mar 8, 1964 at 1845 LT
Operator:
Registration:
HK-862
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Pereira – Bogotá
MSN:
12374
YOM:
1944
Country:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
25
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
28
Circumstances:
The DC-3 took off from Pereira at 17:24 for a flight to Bogotá, via reporting points El Paso, Girardot and La Esperanza. The aircraft arrived overhear La Esperanza at 18:18 and was instructed to hold there at FL130. The flight was cleared to leave the intersection at 18:33 to the Bogotá VOR. The crew estimated to arrive over the Bogotá VOR at 18:44 and were then instructed to descend to FL120 for an ADF approach to Bogotá Airport, reporting at the Bogotá VOR at FL120 and over the outer marker at 9800 feet. The plane arrived abeam the Bogotá VOR ahead of schedule, at 18:41, and was instructed to maintain FL120 until 18:44. At 18:42 the flight crew reported seeing another aircraft in their vicinity. They thought it to be a DC-4, but was actually a Curtiss C-46 which had been cleared for final approach. The DC-3 crew took evasive action, losing control of the aircraft. The DC-3 crashed near Facatativá.
Probable cause:
The pilot of the aircraft in observing the presence of another aircraft abruptly initiated a right turn which ended in an abnormal 'nose below the horizon' attitude, which he was unable to rectify in time. The following factors were considered as contributing:
- Error of other personnel: The pilot of the other aircraft initiated the instrument descent from 12,000 feet after 2 min 55 sec, when the normal time would have been 1 min 15 or 20 sec, in accordance with the procedures laid down in the Bogotá approach-to-land chart and the Manual of Colombian Air Routes approved by the Administrative Directorate of Civil Aeronautics, thereby creating a risk of collision in the air;
- The pilot of the subject aircraft had been flying on DC-4s and C-46s as well as DC-3s. The psychological reaction of the pilot at a critical moment was certainly affected by habits acquired on DC-4 and C-46 aircraft.
- Possible failure of equipment (faulty distribution of flight instruments in the cockpit): This is a design effect, since the artificial horizon in the subject type of aircraft was hidden behind the pilot's control column, which made it more difficult to control the flight posture of the machine.