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Crash of a Lockheed C-130J-30 in Jalalabad: 13 killed

Date & Time: Oct 2, 2015 at 0019 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
08-3174
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Jalalabad - Bagram
MSN:
5648
YOM:
2011
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
5
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
13
Aircraft flight hours:
2551
Circumstances:
On 2 October 2015, at approximately 0016LT, the airplane crashed after takeoff from runway 31 at Jalalabad Airfield, on the second scheduled leg of a contingency airlift mission. The mishap aircraft was assigned to the 455th Air Expeditionary Wing at Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan. The mishap crew (MC) was from the 774th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron. The MC consisted of the mishap pilot (MP), the mishap copilot (MCP), and two mishap loadmasters. Also on board were two fly-away security team (FAST) members and five contractors travelling as passengers. Upon impact, all eleven individuals onboard the aircraft died instantly. The aircraft struck a guard tower manned by three Afghan Special Reaction Force (ASRF) members, whom also died. The MA and cargo load were destroyed, and a perimeter wall and guard tower were damaged.
Probable cause:
The Accident Investigation Board (AIB) president found by a preponderance of the evidence that the causes of the mishap were the MP’s placement of the hard-shell NVG case in front of the yoke blocking forward movement of the flight controls, the distractions experienced by the MP and MCP during the course of the ERO, and the misidentification of the malfunction once airborne. The AIB president also found by a preponderance of the evidence that environmental conditions, inaccurate expectations, and fixation substantially contributed to the mishap.
Final Report:

Crash of a Boeing 747-428BCF at Bagram AFB: 7 killed

Date & Time: Apr 29, 2013 at 1527 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N949CA
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Schedule:
Camp Bastion - Bagram AFB - Dubaï
MSN:
25630/960
YOM:
1993
Flight number:
NCR102
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
7
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
7
Captain / Total flying hours:
6000
Captain / Total hours on type:
440.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
1100
Copilot / Total hours on type:
209
Circumstances:
The aircraft crashed shortly after takeoff from Bagram Air Base, Bagram, Afghanistan. All seven crewmembers—the captain, first officer, loadmaster, augmented captain and first officer, and two mechanics—died, and the airplane was destroyed from impact forces and postcrash fire. The 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 121 supplemental cargo flight, which was operated under a multimodal contract with the US Transportation Command, was destined for Dubai World Central - Al Maktoum International Airport, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The airplane’s cargo included five mine-resistant ambush-protected (MRAP) vehicles secured onto pallets and shoring. Two vehicles were 12-ton MRAP all-terrain vehicles (M-ATVs) and three were 18-ton Cougars. The cargo represented the first time that National Airlines had attempted to transport five MRAP vehicles. These vehicles were considered a special cargo load because they could not be placed in unit load devices (ULDs) and restrained in the airplane using the locking capabilities of the airplane’s main deck cargo handling system. Instead, the vehicles were secured to centerline-loaded floating pallets and restrained to the airplane’s main deck using tie-down straps. During takeoff, the airplane immediately climbed steeply then descended in a manner consistent with an aerodynamic stall. The National Transportation Safety Board’s (NTSB) investigation found strong evidence that at least one of the MRAP vehicles (the rear M-ATV) moved aft into the tail section of the airplane, damaging hydraulic systems and horizontal stabilizer components such that it was impossible for the flight crew to regain pitch control of the airplane. The likely reason for the aft movement of the cargo was that it was not properly restrained. National Airlines’ procedures in its cargo operations manual not only omitted required, safety-critical restraint information from the airplane manufacturer (Boeing) and the manufacturer of the main deck cargo handling system (Telair, which held a supplemental type certificate [STC] for the system) but also contained incorrect and unsafe methods for restraining cargo that cannot be contained in ULDs. The procedures did not correctly specify which components in the cargo system (such as available seat tracks) were available for use as tie-down attach points, did not define individual tie-down allowable loads, and did not describe the effect of measured strap angle on the capability of the attach fittings.
Probable cause:
The NTSB determines that the probable cause of this accident was National Airlines’ inadequate procedures for restraining special cargo loads, which resulted in the loadmaster’s
improper restraint of the cargo, which moved aft and damaged hydraulic systems No . 1 and 2 and horizontal stabilizer drive mechanism components, rendering the airplane uncontrollable. Contributing to the accident was the FAA’s inadequate oversight of National Airlines’ handling of special cargo loads.
Final Report:

Crash of an Ilyushin II-76 in Bagram AFB: 9 killed

Date & Time: Jul 6, 2011 at 0010 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
4K-AZ55
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bakou-Bagram
MSN:
2053420680
YOM:
2005
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
9
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
9
Circumstances:
While on approach to Bagram AFB at night, while descending to 12,500 feet, aircraft hit a mountain and was destroyed by impact forces. All nine crew were killed. Aircraft was carrying 18 tons of cargo for NATO forces based in Bagram Air Base.

Crash of a Lockheed C-130 Hercules in Kabul: 8 killed

Date & Time: Oct 12, 2010 at 1950 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
5X-TUC
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bagram-Kaboul
MSN:
4362
YOM:
1969
Flight number:
NLE662
Location:
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:

On a short flight from Bagram AFB to Kabul, aircraft hit a mountain side 30 km east from Kabul. All eight occupants were killed. Aircraft leased to Transafrik and operated on behalf of NATO forces based in Pakistan.

Crash of an Airbus A300B4 in Bagram AFB

Date & Time: Mar 1, 2010 at 1210 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
TC-ACB
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bahrain - Bagram
MSN:
121
YOM:
1980
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
5
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Captain / Total flying hours:
12923
Captain / Total hours on type:
8000.00
Aircraft flight hours:
25300
Aircraft flight cycles:
46516
Circumstances:
While approaching Bagram AFB, crew did not obtain three green lights when the undercarriage were lowered. The left main gear signal appears to stay in red. Captain obtained the authorization to make two low passes over the airport and the ATC confirmed all three gears were down. The final approach was completed at low speed and after touch down, while braking, the left main gear failed. The aircraft veered off runway to the left and came to rest some 2 km past the runway threshold. All five crewmen were unhurt while the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
Probable cause:
Cracks as result of fatigue caused the fracture of the hinge arm of the left main gear strut.
The cracking most likely occurred as result of corrosion that remained undetected during the last maintenance inspection.
The origin of pitting could not be identified, the investigation however identified deficiencies in the maintenance task conducted during last overhaul of the gear strut.
Incomplete maintenance documentation and tools available during overhaul contributed to the accident.
Final Report:

Crash of a Beechcraft C-12C Huron in the Nuristan Province: 3 killed

Date & Time: Oct 13, 2009
Operator:
Registration:
78-23135
Flight Phase:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bagram - Bagram
MSN:
BC-71
YOM:
1978
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
3
Circumstances:
Crashed in the Nuristan Province while conducting a survey flight. The wreckage was found ten days later in a hostile region. All three crew members have been killed.

Crash of a Lockheed P-3 Orion in Bagram AFB

Date & Time: Oct 21, 2008 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
158573
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
Schedule:
Bagram AFB-Bagram AFB
MSN:
5582
YOM:
1972
Country:
Region:
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:

On landing, the aircraft overrun runway and lost its right landing gear. Nobody was injured but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Antonov AN-12 in Bagram AFB

Date & Time: Jun 29, 2006 at 1200 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
EK-12305
Flight Type:
Survivors:
Yes
MSN:
00347305
YOM:
1970
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
6
Crew fatalities:
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
0
Circumstances:
In unknown circumstances, aircraft caught fire shortly after touch down at Bagram AFB. Crew could stop the aircraft and evacuate. No one was injured but aircraft was damaged beyond repair.

Crash of an Ilyushin II-76TD near Kōh-e Khāk-e Shahīdān: 8 killed

Date & Time: Nov 11, 2005 at 0953 LT
Type of aircraft:
Registration:
4L-ZIL
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Kabul - Bagram
MSN:
00534 64926
YOM:
1985
Flight number:
RPK1102
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
8
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
0
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
8
Circumstances:
After being offloaded at Kabul Airport following a flight from Bahrain, the four engine aircraft took off for a short flight to Bagram AFB, carrying a load of communications equipment for the US Army. Few minutes after takeoff, the crew changed frequency and contacted Bagram Airbase. Due to traffic at Bagram, the crew was instructed to hold at 10,000 feet about 10 nm south of Bagram AFB when shortly later, the aircraft struck the slope of a mountain located near Kōh-e Khāk-e Shahīdān, about 28,6 km northwest of Kabul. The aircraft disintegrated on impact and all eight occupants were killed. At the time of the accident, the visibility was estimated to be 5 km with haze and clouds at 1,200 feet.
Probable cause:
Controlled flight into terrain.

Crash of a Casa 212 Aviocar in Afghanistan: 6 killed

Date & Time: Nov 27, 2004 at 0820 LT
Type of aircraft:
Operator:
Registration:
N960BW
Flight Phase:
Flight Type:
Survivors:
No
Site:
Schedule:
Bagram-Farah
MSN:
231
YOM:
1982
Country:
Region:
Crew on board:
3
Crew fatalities:
Pax on board:
3
Pax fatalities:
Other fatalities:
Total fatalities:
6
Captain / Total flying hours:
5720
Captain / Total hours on type:
865.00
Copilot / Total flying hours:
2228
Copilot / Total hours on type:
420
Aircraft flight hours:
21489
Circumstances:
The aircraft was flying from Bagram AFB to Farah with a crew of 3 and also 3 military personel on board. While flying at 16,600 feet, the aircraft struck the side of a mountain in the Kuh-e-Baba ridge, in the Bamiyan province. Nobody survived. The aircraft was chartered by the United Stated Department of Defence. The accident was caused by CFIT.